March 9, 2004: Yesterday, the question that we posed was: Who
were the Khazars?
Khazars flourished from the seventh to the eleventh century. This means
that they emerged following the reign of the emperor Justinian discussed
on this site. The issues surrounding the reign of Justinian, recorded
by Procopius, indicate to us that something very strange was going on
during that period of history. In 1998, "Us in the Future" made
a comment about this that was only later confirmed scientifically which
again, I cannot resist including for its historical interest:
I have discovered that three of the supernovas of antiquity which have
been discovered and time estimated by the remnants, occurred in or near
Cassiopeia at very interesting points in history.
Q: (L) Well, one of these periods in history was around 1054. This is
a very interesting time. It just so happens that there are no European
records of this supernova which was recorded by the Chinese, Japanese,
and perhaps even the Koreans. Yet, there are no European records. What
happened to the European records?
A: Europe was in a "recovery mode" at the "time."
Q: (L) Recovery from what?
A: Loss of civilized structure due to overhead cometary explosion in
Q: (L) What effect did this have on the civilized structure? Was it
a direct effect in terms of material, or did it have effects on people
causing them to behave in an uncivilized and barbaric way?
A: Well, the burning fragmentary shower ignited much of the land areas
in what you now refer to as Western Europe. This had the results you
can imagine, causing the resulting societal breakdown you now refer
to as "The Dark Ages."
Q: (L) Well, it damn sure was dark. There is almost a thousand years
that nobody knows anything about!
A: Check Irish or Celtic, and French or Gallic records of the era for
clues. There were temporary "islands of survival," lasting just long
enough for the written word to eke out.
year later, August 17, 1999, the Knight Ridder Washington Bureau published
an article by Robert S. Boyd entitled: Comets may have caused Earth's
great empires to fall which included the following: (emphases, mine)
scientific discoveries are shedding new light on why great empires such
as Egypt, Babylon and Rome fell apart, giving way to the periodic "dark
ages'' that punctuate human history. At least five times during the
last 6,000 years, major environmental calamities undermined civilizations
around the world.
say these disasters appear to be linked to collisions with comets or
fragments of comets such as the one that broke apart and smashed spectacularly
into Jupiter five years ago.
yielding many megatons of explosive energy, produced vast clouds of
smoke and dust that circled the globe for years, dimming the sun, driving
down temperatures and sowing hunger, disease and death.
such global crisis occurred between AD 530 and 540-- at the beginning
of the Dark Ages in Europe -- when Earth was pummeled by a swarm of
In a forthcoming
book, Catastrophe, the Day the Sun Went Out, British historian
David Keys describes a 2-year-long winter that began in AD 535. Trees
from California to Ireland to Siberia stopped growing. Crops failed.
Plague and famine decimated Italy, China and the Middle East.
the writings of a 6th-century Syrian bishop, John of Ephesus:
sun became dark. ... Each day it shone for about four hours and still
this light was only a feeble shadow.''
Italian historian, Flavius Cassiodorus, wrote:
marvel to see no shadows of our bodies at noon. We have summer without
contemporary Chinese chronicler reported, "Yellow dust rained like
Mike Baillie, established that:
of tree rings shows that at in 540 AD in different parts of the world
the climate changed. Temperatures dropped enough to hinder the growth
of trees as widely dispersed as northern Europe, Siberia, western
North America, and southern South America.
of historical records and mythical stories pointed to a disastrous visitation
from the sky during the same period, it is claimed. There was one reference
to a "comet in Gaul so vast that the whole sky seemed on fire" in 540-41.
to legend, King Arthur died around this time, and Celtic myths associated
with Arthur hinted at bright sky Gods and bolts of fire.
530s, an unusual meteor shower was recorded by both Mediterranean and
Chinese observers. Meteors are caused by the fine dust from comets burning
up in the atmosphere. Furthermore, a team of astronomers from Armagh
Observatory in Northern Ireland published research in 1990 which said
the Earth would have been at risk from cometary bombardment between
the years 400 and 600 AD. [...]
followed the crop failures, and hard on its heels bubonic plague that
swept across Europe in the mid-6th century. [...]
time, the Roman emperor Justinian was attempting to regenerate the decaying
Roman empire. But the plan failed in 540 and was followed by the Dark
Ages and the rise of Islam.
this disaster was also followed by the arrival of the Khazars.
of the Khazars has vanished from the map of the world and today many people
have never even heard of it. But, in its day the Khazar kingdom [Khazaria]
was a major power.
Emperor and historian, Constantine Porphyrogenitus (913-959) recorded
in a treatise on Court Protocol that letters addressed to the pope in
Rome, and similarly those to the Emperor of the West, had a gold seal
worth two solidi attached to them, whereas messages to the King of
the Khazars required a seal worth three solidi.
words, it was clearly understood that the Khazars were more powerful than
the Emperor of the West or the Pope. As Koestler commented, "This
was not flattery, but Realpolitik." How can it be that we are taught
about the Byzantine Empire and the rise of the power of the Popes of the
Western Empire, and have so little knowledge of an empire that existed
at the same time, that was obviously more powerful than either of them?
A Jewish empire, in fact?
of the Khazars was strategically located at the gateway between the Black
Sea and the Caspian, acting as a buffer protecting Byzantium against invasions
by the barbarian Bulgars, Magyars, Pechenegs, and later the Vikings and
Russians. More important than this was the fact that the Khazars also
blocked the Arabs from Eastern Europe.
a few years of the death of Muhammad (AD 632) the armies of the Caliphate,
sweeping northward through the wreckage of two empires and carrying
all before them, reached the great mountain barrier of the Caucasus.
This barrier once passed, the road lay open to the lands of eastern
Europe. As it was, on the line of the Caucasus the Arabs met the forces
of an organized military power which effectively prevented them from
extending their conquests in this direction. The wars of the Arabs and
the Khazars, which lasted more than a hundred years, though little known,
have thus considerable historical importance. [Professor Dunlop of Columbia
University, authority on the Khazars, quoted by Koestler, p. 14]
know that the Frankish army of Charles Martel turned back the Arabs on
the field of Tours. Few people know that, at the same time, the Muslims
were met and held by the forces of the Khazar kingdom.
In 732, the
future emperor, Constantine V, married a Khazar princess and their son
became Emperor Leo IV, known as Leo the Khazar.
A few years
later, probably in AD 740, the King of the Khazars, his court and the
military ruling class embraced the Jewish faith and Judaism became the
state religion of the Khazars. This came about as a reaction against the
political pressure of the other two Superpowers of the day - Byzantium
and the Muslims - both of which had the advantage of a monotheistic State
Religion which allowed them greater control over their subjects. Not wanting
to be subject either to the Pope or the Byzantine Emperor, but seeing
the political benefits of religious controls, Judaism was chosen.
kingdom held its power and position for most of four centuries during
which time they were transformed from a tribe of nomadic warriors into
a nation of farmers, cattle-breeders, fishermen, viticulturists, traders
and craftsmen. Soviet archaeologists have found evidence of advanced civilization
with houses built in a circular shape at the lower levels, later being
replaced by rectangular buildings. This is explained as evidence of the
transition from from portable, dome shaped tents, to settled lifestyles.
At the peak
of their power, the Khazars controlled and/or received tribute from thirty
or so different nations and tribes spread across the territories between
the Caucasus, the Aral Sea, the Ural Mountains, the town of Kiev, and
the Ukrainian steppes. These peoples included the Bulgars, Burtas, Ghuzz,
Magyars, the Gothic and Greek colonies of the Crimea, and the Slavonic
tribes to the Northwest.
ninth century, the Khazars had no rivals to their supremacy in the regions
north of the Black Sea and the adjoining steppe and the forest regions
of the Dnieper. The Khazars were the supreme masters of the southern
half of Eastern Europe for a century and a half. [...] During this whole
period, they held back the onslaught of the nomadic tribes from the
East. [Soviet archaeologist M. I. Artamonov]
In the timeline
of history, the Khazar empire existed between the Huns and the Mongols.
The Arab chroniclers wrote that the Khazars were "white, their eyes
blue, their hair flowing and predominantly reddish, their bodies large,
and their natures cold. Their general aspect is wild."
and Armenians, having been repeatedly devastated by the Khazars, identified
them as Gog and Magog. An Armenian writer described them as having
"insolent, broad, lashless faces and long falling hair, like women."
like the long-haired Franks, don't they?
One of the
earliest factual references to the Khazars occurs in a Syriac chronicle
dating from the middle of the sixth century. It mentions the Khazars in
a list of people who inhabit the region of the Caucasus. Koestler recounts
that other sources indicate that the Khazars were intimately connected
with the Huns.
In AD 448,
the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II sent an embassy to Attila which included
a famed rhetorician by name of Priscus. He kept a minute account not only
of the diplomatic negotiations, but also of the court intrigues and goings-on
in Attila's sumptuous banqueting hall - he was in fact the perfect gossip
columnist, and is still one of the main sources of information about Hun
customs and habits. But Priscus also has anecdotes to tell about a people
subject to the Huns whom he calls Akatzirs - that is, very likely, the
Ak-Khazars, or "White" Khazars.
Emperor, Priscus tells us, tried to win this warrior race over to his
side, but the greedy Khazar chieftain named Karidach, considered the bribe
offered to him inadequate, and sided with the Huns. Attila defeated Karidach's
rival chieftains, installed him as the sole ruler of the Akatzirs, and
invited him to visit his court. Karidach thanked him profusely for the
invitation and went on to say that "it would be too hard on a mortal
man to look into the face of a god. For, as one cannot stare into the
sun's disc, even less could one look into the face of the greatest god
without suffering injury." Attila must have been pleased, for he
confirmed Karidach in his rule.
collapse of the Hun Empire, the Khazars raided and absorbed numerous tribes
of nomadic hordes coming from the East. At this point, the West Turkish
kingdom arose, a confederation of tribes ruled by a Kagan, or Khagan.
The Khazars later adopted this title for their rulers as well. This "Turkish
state" fell apart after a century, but it is important to note that
it was only after this period that the word Turkish was used in reference
to a specific nation, as opposed to its earlier use which simply meant
a tribe speaking a Turkic language such as the Khazars and Bulgars.
And so, at
the time of the cometary disasters that brought on the Dark Ages, the
Khazars rose to power. By the first decades of the seventh century, there
were three "Superpowers," two of whom had been fighting each
other for a century and were seemingly on the verge of collapse. Persia
was about to face its doom in the armies of the Khazars, but through its
friendship with Khazaria, Byzantium survived.
In 627, the
Roman Emperor Heraclius made an alliance with the Khazars so as to defeat
his nemesis: Persia. The Khazars provided Heraclius with 40,000 horsemen
under a commander named Ziebel and Heraclius promised him his daughter.
were defeated, which was followed by a revolution and after ten years
of anarchy and chaos, the first Arab armies delivered the coup de grace.
And so, a new Superpower arose: the Islamic Caliphate.
order, the Muslims conquered Persia, Syria, Mesopotamia, Egypt and surrounded
the Byzantine empire in a half-circle from the Mediterranean to the Caucasus.
Between 642 and 652, the Muslims repeatedly penetrated into Khazaria in
an attempt to gain a foothold on the way to Eastern Europe. After a defeat
in 652, the Muslims backed off for thirty or forty years and concentrated
on Byzantium, laying siege to Constantinople on several occasions. Had
they been able to get to the other side, to surround Byzantium from the
Khazarian side, it would have been fatal for the Roman Empire.
the Khazars consolidated their own power, expanding into Ukraine and the
Crimea, incorporating the conquered people into their empire ruled by
the Kagan. By the time of the 8th century, the Khazar empire was stable
enough to actually go on the offensive against the Muslims rather than
just holding their position and driving them away repeatedly.
distance of more than a thousand years, the period of intermittent warfare
that followed looks like a series of tedious episodes on a local scale,
following the same, repetitive pattern: the Khazar cavalry in their
heavy armour breaking through the pass of Dariel or the Gate of Darband
into the Caliph's domains to the south; followed by Arab counter-thrusts
through the same pass or the defile, towards the Volga and back again.
[...] One is reminded of the old jingle about the noble Duke of York
who had ten thousand men; "he marched them up to the top of the
hill. And he marched them down again." In fact, the Arab sources
speak of armies of 100,000, even of 300,000 men engaged on either side
- probably outnumbering the armies which decided the fate of the Western
world at the battle of Tours about the same time.
fanaticism which characterized these wars is illustrated by episodes
such as the suicide by fire of a whole Khazar town as an alternative
to surrender; the poisoning of the water supply of Bab al Abwab by an
Arab general; or by the traditional exhortation which would halt the
rout of a defeated Arab army and make it fight to the last man: "To
the Garden Muslims, not the Fire" - the joys of Paradise being
assured to every Muslim soldier killed in the Holy War.[Koestler, p.
Islamic pincer movement across the Pyrenees in the west and across the
Caucasus into Eastern Europe was halted at both ends about the same time.
As Charles Martel's Franks saved Gaul and Western Europe, so the Khazars
saved the Eastern Roman Empire.
At the end
of all this was the marriage of the Khazar princess to the heir of the
Byzantine Empire in gratitude for defeat of the Muslims. Following this
event, of course, was the politically expedient conversion of the Khazars
an entire group of people, the warlike, fanatical Khazars, suddenly proclaimed
themselves Jews. The Khazar kingdom began to be described as the "Kingdom
of the Jews" by historians of the day. Succeeding Khazar rulers took
Jewish names, sent for Jewish scholars from Spain to come and instruct
them, settle with them. During the late 9th Century the Khazar kingdom
became a haven for Jews of other lands. But it seems that this process
was almost exclusively a question of male Jews - including Kohanim - coming
to Khazaria and marrying Khazar women. What does not seem to have happened,
is the intermarriage of Khazars with Separdic Jewish women from other
European communities of Jews.
quotes at length from ancient accounts of the Khazars and I highly recommend
this book to the reader not only because it is well researched, but also
because it can be quite entertaining reading!
At the height
of the Khazar empire, the main source of royal income was foreign trade.
There were enormous caravans that transported textiles, dried fruit, honey,
wax, and spices following the Silk road to and from the East. Arts and
crafts and haute couture flourished. Slaves and furs were traded by Rus
merchants, Vikings coming down the Volga on a north/south trade axis.
On all these goods, the Khazars levied a tax of ten per cent. This was
added to the tribute paid by the Bulgars, Magyars, and others. Khazaria
was cosmopolitan, open to all sorts of cultural and religious influences
while, at the same time, using its State Religion to defend itself against
the other two ecclesiastical powers in the world.
Khazaria was an extremely prosperous country and this prosperity depended
on its military power. Khazaria had a standing army by which means it
was able to maintain brutal domination over its subject tribes and peoples.
Human sacrifice was also practiced by the earlier Khazars- including the
ritual killing of the king at the end of his reign.
At the beginning
of the ninth century, the Khazars had more or less a tacit "nonaggression
pact" with the Caliphate, and relations with Byzantium were friendly.
After all, they were family! But, a new cloud was on the horizon: the
Vikings began to stir.
earlier, it had been the Arabs and their "Holy War." Now it
was the Vikings and their "unholy war" of piracy and plunder.
case have historians been able to provide convincing explanations of
the economical, ecological or ideological reasons which transformed
these apparently quiescent regions of Arabia and Scandinavia quasi overnight
into volcanoes of exuberant vitality and reckless enterprise. Both eruptions
spent their force within a couple of centuries but left a permanent
mark on the world. Both evolved in this time-span from savagery and
destructiveness to splendid cultural achievement. [Koestler, p. 86]
few decades, the Vikings had penetrated all the major waterways of Europe,
conquered half of Ireland, colonized Iceland, conquered Normandy, sacked
Paris, raided Germany, the Rhone delta, the gulf of Genoa, circumnavigated
the Iberian peninsula and attacked Constantinople through the Mediterranean
and the Dardanelles, coordinated with an attack down the Dnieper and across
the Black Sea. A special prayer was formulated in Christendom: Lord deliver
us from the fury of the Normans.
depended on Khazaria to block the advance of the Vikings.
of norsemen who were called Rhos or Varangians, originated from eastern
Sweden and were cousins to the Norwegians and Danes who raided Western
seem to have been a unique blend - unique even among their brother Vikings
- combining the traits of pirates, robbers and meretricious merchants,
who traded on their own terms, imposed by sword and battle-axe. They
bartered furs, swords and amber in exchange for gold, but their principal
merchandise were slaves. [Koestler, p. 89]
For a century
and a half, trade and diplomacy between the Byzantines and the Khazars
and the Rus alternated with war. Slowly but surely, the Vikings built
permanent settlements, becoming Slavonized by intermingling with their
subjects and vassals - the Slavs along the Dnieper who were agricultural
and more timid than the "Turks." This mixing of genes and cultures
tamed the Rus and turned them into Russians.
the Rus were friendlier with the Khazars than with the Byzantines. The
Rus even adopted the title "Kagan" for their ruler. However,
all the while they were having "cultural exchanges" with the
Khazars, the Rus were bringing the Slavs into their own fold. Considering
the genetic data, this may be as much due to intermarriage between the
Slavonic tribes, as much as to conquest. Within a couple of decades, the
Rus were receiving tribute from almost half of the former subjects of
town of Kiev, on the Dnieper river, passed into Rus hands, apparently
without an armed struggle, it was the beginning of the end for Khazaria.
There were still large communities of Khazar Jews in Kiev, and later,
after the final destruction of Khazaria, they were joined by Khazar refugees.
A tribe called
the Magyars now come into view. The Magyars seem to have originated in
the forest regions of the northern Urals along with two other tribes,
the Vogul and Ostyak. Probably at the time of the cometary bombardment
that brought on the dark ages, these tribes were driven out of their forests
and the Magyars, attached themselves as willing vassals to first the Huns
and then the Khazars. There is no record of a single armed conflict between
the Khazars and Magyars. Toynbee says that the Magyars "took tribute"
on the Khazars' behalf from the Slav and Finn peoples.
At the time
of the arrival of the Rus, the Magyars moved across the Don river to its
West bank. One might assume, by the fact that they were allies of the
Khazars, that they did this with the full permission of the Khazars and
that it was intended to act as a check against the advancement of the
compensated the Magyars for their loyalty by giving them a king, the founder
of the first Magyar dynasty and then, they did something that they apparently
had not done up to this point: intermarriage between the Magyars and several
Khazar tribes took place. The Khazar Kagan gave a noble Khazar lady to
the new king of the Magyars for his wife. There were no children of this
union, but it is assumed that there were marriages between her retainers
and the members of the Magyar court.
At some point
during this period, there also seems to have been a rebellion of three
Khazar tribes some of whom fled to the Magyars. As Koestler puts it: the
Magyars received metaphorically and literally, a blood transfusion from
middle of the tenth century, both the Magyar and Khazar languages were
spoken in Hungary. The
result of this double tongue is the mixed character of the modern Hungarian
language. Though the Hungarians have ceased to be bilingual, there are
still some two hundred loan-words from the Chuvash dialect of Turkish
which the Khazars spoke.
some evidence to indicate that among the dissident Khazar tribes (the
leading one was called Kabar), who de facto took over the leadership of
the Magyar tribes, there were Jews, or adherents of a "judaizing
religion." Some experts think that this rebellion was, in fact, connected
with the religious reforms initiated by King Obadiah of the Khazars. Rabbinical
law, strict rules, and other elements of Judaism would certainly have
grated on a tribe of steppe warriors.
of the Magyars and Khazars came to an end when the Magyars crossed the
Carpathian mountains and conquered the territory that was to become Hungary.
Thus, in 862, they raided the East Frankish empire.
seem to have acquired the raiding habit only in the second half of
the ninth century - about the time when they received that critical
blood-transfusion from the Khazars. The Kabars ... became the leading
tribe, and infused their hosts with the spirit of adventure which was
soon to turn them into the scourge of Europe, as the Huns had earlier
been. They also taught the Magyars "those very peculiar and characteristic
tactics employed since time immemorial by every Turkish nation - Huns,
Avars, Turks, Pechenegs, Kumans - and by no other ... light cavalry
using the old devices of simulated flight, of shooting while fleeing,
of sudden charges with fearful, wolf-like howling." [Koestler,
words: "By way of deception, thou shalt do war..."
Khazars were instrumental in establishing the Hungarian state. In the
tenth century, the Hungarian Duke Taksony invited an unknown number of
Khazars to settle in his domains. It is not unlikely that these Khazars
were Jews. Steve Jones writes in In the Blood: God, Genes, and Destiny:
are quite distinct from their Mediterranean and Middle-Eastern co-religionists
in the incidence of the disease and in the mutations responsible...
family tree of Jews from different parts of Europe shows that they are
not a unique group, biologically distinct from other peoples around
them. There is, though, evidence of common ancestry that gives Jews
at least a partial identity of their own. In most places, there is overlap
between the genes of the Jewish population and those of local non-Jews.
There has been interchange; sometimes through recent marriage, but more
often as a result of mating long ago....
The Y chromosomes
of Jews are - unsurprisingly - not all the same; the idea of the sons
of Abraham is a symbolic one. They do show that many males, some only
distantly related to each other, have contributed to the genes of European
Jewry. On the average, most Jewish populations contain more diversity
for male lineages than for female (whose history is recorded in mitochondrial
DNA). This means that there has been more invasion of the Jewish gene
pool by the genes of non-Jewish men than of women. The Y chromosomes
of Jewish men from the Balkans are rather unlike those of other European
Jews, perhaps because there was more admixture in this unstable
part of the world."
and C. R. Guglielmino write in: Genetic Structure in relation to the history
of the Hungarian ethnic group.
Jews, Gypsies, Germans, Slovaks, Kuns, Romanians, etc. In this very
large study, Hungarian Jews were found to be highly distinct from all
other groups residing in Hungary. [ Human Biology 68:3 (June
1996): 335- 356]
article on this website, I speculated about the "Secret Controllers"
of our present world:
turn of the century bankers, merchants, industrialists, artists, and
intellectuals thronged the broad boulevards that ring [Budapest] or
rode beneath them in Europe's first subway. Between 1890 and 1900 the
population of Budapest had increased by more than 40 percent to over
three-quarters of a million souls, making it the sixth largest city
in Europe. Because of Budapest's lively cafes, boulevards, parks, and
financial exchange, visitors called it the "Little Paris on the
Danube." What would not become apparent for years was that while
the cares were doing a booming business, the maternity wards of Budapest
were churning out [Jewish] geniuses like a Ford assembly line.
economic and intellectual flowering began with the Ausgleich of 1867,
which established the dual monarchy with Austria. Under that agreement
Hungary achieved something approaching independence from Austria; the
Austrian Empire became the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With astonishing
rapidity the engines of the industrial age and capitalism would transform
Hungary. "The operators of those mechanisms," writes historian
Richard Rhodes, "by virtue of their superior ambition and energy,
but also by default, were Jews."
after the establishment of the dual monarchy, discriminatory laws against
Jews were repealed, opening to them all civic and political functions.
The surge of Jewish immigration followed, paralleling the contemporaneous
flood of Jewish immigrants from Russia to New York City.
power remained in the hands of the nobility, whose indifference to the
gentile non-Hungarian minorities - nearly half the population - would
keep a third of the gentiles illiterate as late as 1918, and most of
them tied to the land. The Hungarian nobility, unwilling to dirty its
hands on commerce, found allies in the Jews. By 1904 Hungarian Jews,
who comprised about 5 percent of the population, accounted for about
half of Hungary's lawyers and commercial businessmen, 60 percent of
its doctors, and 80 percent of its financiers. Budapest Jews were also
a dominant presence in the artistic, literary, musical, and scientific
life of the country, which caused the growing anti-Semitic community
to coin the derogatory label "Judapest."
anti-Semitism would in later years cause many of the brightest members
of the Hungarian Jewish community to flee their country. Some of the
leading scientists and mathematicians, whose ideas and inventions would
help form this century, were part of this tide of immigration. Among
the better known were Leo Szilard, who was the first person to understand
how chain reactions can unleash the power of the atom; John von Neumann,
inventor of the electronic computer and game theory; and Edward Teller,
the father of the hydrogen bomb. Less well known outside the world of
science but equally influential were Theodor von Karman, the father
of supersonic flight; George de Hevesy who received a Nobel Prize for
his invention of the technique of using radioactive tracers that has
had a revolutionary impact on virtually every field of science; and
Eugene Wigner, whose exploration of the foundations of quantum mechanics
earned him a Nobel Prize.
of the great Hungarian scientists could be extended almost indefinitely,
but even outside the sciences the prominence of Hungarians is extraordinary.
In music it would include the conductors Georg Solti, George Szell,
Fritz Reiner, Antal Dorati, and Eugene Ormandy, and the composers Bela
Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly. Hungarian visual arts in this century were
dominated by Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, who founded the Chicago Institute of
Design. Holly wood was even more influenced by the Magyar emigration.
Movie moguls William Fox and Adolph Zukor were Budapest-born, as were
Alexander Korda and his brothers, Vincent and Theodor, the director
George Cukor, and the producer of Casablanca, Michael Curtisz. And of
course, Zsa Zsa Gabor and her sisters were Hungarian, as were Paul Lukas
and Erich Weiss, better known as Harry Houdini.
to account for what the physicist Otto Frisch called the "galaxy
of brilliant Hungarian expatriates," is a favorite activity in
scientific circles. The leading theory, attributed to the theoretical
physicist Fritz Houtermans, is that "these people are really from
Mars." Andrew Vazxonyi offers a particularly charming version of
the extraterrestrial theory. "Well, at the beginning of the century,"
he says quite seriously, but with a twinkle in his eye, "some people
from outer space landed on earth. They thought that the Hungarian women
were the best-looking of all, and they took on the form of humans, and
after a few years, they decided the Earth was not worth colonizing,
so they left. Soon afterward this bunch of geniuses was born. That's
the true story."
explanation for Hungary's outpouring of genius is hard to find. Chance
certainly played a role. But the strong intellectual values of the Jewish
bourgeoisie, combined with the excellent Hungarian educational system,
were the fertile field in which the random seeds of genetic chance could
flourish. [My Brain is Open, Bruce Schecter, 1998, Touchstone, New York]
Culture of Critique: An Evolutionary Analysis of Jewish Involvement in
Twentieth-Century Intellectual and Political Movements
indeed made positive contributions to Western culture in the last 200
years. But whatever one might think are the unique and irreplaceable
Jewish contributions to the post-Enlightenment world, it is naïve to
suppose they were intended for the purpose of benefiting humanity solely
or even primarily.
I would like
to point out that the list of Jewish scientific achievements from the
quote above include atomic bombs and Game Theory. Jewish led Science has
indeed exploded - no pun intended - and it has brought mankind to the edge of self-destruction. Advances in
mathematical, physical and computer
sciences have brought about "applied game theory", where "wars"
are called "games", and to "win the game" is to kill
as many people as possible with
as little cost as possible.
to the Rus. At the same point in time when the Magyars went across the
Carpathians, thus depriving the Khazars of their protection in the buffer
zone, taking many Jews with them, the Rus took over Kiev in a bloodless
coup. There is a reason that they were able to do this.
earlier, the Byzantine emperor set out against the Saracens. He hadn't
been gone long when a messenger came to tell him to turn around and return
to Constantinople as soon as possible because 200 Russian ships had entered
the Bosporus from the Black Sea and were sacking the suburbs of the city.
This attack had been coordinated with a simultaneous attack of a western
Viking fleet approaching Constantinople across the Mediterranean. The
master mind behind this almost capture of Constantinople was Rurik of
Novgorod AKA Rorik of Jutland.
now realized what they were up against and, as Koestler notes, decided
to play the double game. Treaties were signed in 860 and 866. Scandinavian
sailors were recruited into the Byzantine fleet and the famous Varangian
Guard was formed. Later treaties in 945 and 971, led to the Principality
of Kiev supplying the Byzantine Emperor with troops on request. In 957,
Princess Olga of Kiev was baptized on her state visit to Constantinople.
In 988, during
the reign of St. Vladimir, the ruling dynasty of the Russians finally
and definitively adopted Christianity via the Greek Orthodox Church.
the same time, the Hungarians, Poles and Scandinavians converted to Roman
Catholicism. The lines of religious division were being drawn across the
world. With new alliances and new enemies, the Khazars were, it seems
no longer needed. Now the taxes they charged on all the commerce between
Russia and Byzantine and the West and the East became a burden no longer
to be borne. The Byzantines sacrificed the Khazar alliance in favor of
a Russian détente.
of the capital city of Khazaria, Sarkel, by Svyatoslav of Kiev in 965,
was the end of the Khazar empire though the state continued.
a combined Russian-Byzantine army invaded Khazaria, defeated its ruler
and "subdued the country."
were unable to hold against the tide of nomad warriors from the Steppes.
The constant pressure pushed the center of Russian power north and Kiev
went into decline. Independent principalities arose and fell, creating
chaos and endless war. Into this vacuum rode the Ghuzz, "pagan and
godless foes" also known as Polovtsi, Kumans, Kun or Kipchaks. They
ruled the steppes from the late 11th to the thirteenth century when they
were overrun by the Mongols.
Steppes were plunged into darkness and the later history of the Khazars
is shrouded in obscurity. Arab chroniclers speak of a temporary exodus
of the population to the Caspian shore, but later returned with the aid
of the Muslim Shah of Shirwan. More than one source speaks of this exodus,
and then return with the aid of the Muslims, but that the price for this
help was conversion.
non-Arab mention of Khazaria after 965 is a travel report by Ibrahim Ibn
Jakub, the Spanish-Jewish ambassador to Otto the Great. He described the
Khazars as still flourishing in 973. The Russian Chronicles give an account
of Jews from Khazaria arriving in Kiev in 986.
A later mention,
in the Russian Chronicle for the year 1023, mentions Prince Mtislav marching
against his brother prince Yaroslav with a force of Khazars and Kasogians.
Seven years later, a Khazar army is reported to have defeated a Kurdish
the Russian Chronicle says"The Khazars of Tmutorakan took Oleg prisoner
and shipped him overseas to Tsargrad (Constantinople.) Four years later,
Oleg was allowed to return to Tmutorakan where "he slaughtered the
Khazars who had counseled the death of his brother and had plotted against
1100, the Christian saint, Eustratius was a prisoner in Cherson, in the
Crimea, and was ill-treated by his "Jewish master," who forced
ritual Passover food on him. Koestler emphasizes that the story is probably
bunk, but what is important is that it takes a strong Jewish presence
in the town for granted.
mention of the Khazars in the Russian chronicle is in 1106. About 50 years
later, two Persian poets mention a joint Khazar-Rus invasion of Shirwan
and speak of Dervent Khazars. At around the same time, there is a short
and grumpy (Koestler's term) remark made by the Jewish traveler, Rabbi
Petachia of Regensburg who was scandalized at the lack of talmudic learning
among the Khazar Jews when he crossed Khazaria.
mention of the Khazars as a nation is dated around 1245, at which
point in time, the Mongols had already established the greatest nomad
empire in the world, extending from Hungary to China. Pope Innocent IV
sent a mission to Batu Khan, grandson of Jinghiz Khan, ruler of the Western
part of the Mongol Empire. Franciscan friar, Joannes de Plano Carpini
visited the capital of Batu Khan: Sarai Batu, AKA Saksin, AKA Itil, the
former city of the Khazars.
return Plano Carpini wrote in his famous history a list of the regions
he visited, as well as the occupants. He mentions, along with the Alans
and Circassians, the "Khazars observing the Jewish religion."
one of the greatest Syriac scholars, relates that the father of Seljuk,
(the founder of the Seljuk Turk dynasty), Tukak, was a commander in the
army of the Khazar Kagan and that Seljuk himself was brought up at the
Kagan's court. He was banned from the court for being too familiar with
speaks of Seljuk's father as "one of the notables of the Khazar Turks."
Thus, there seems to have been an intimate relationship between the Khazars
and the founders of the Seljuk dynasty. There was an obvious break, but
whether it was because of conversion to Islam, or whether conversion to
Islam came about because of the break in relations, we cannot know.
and folk tales give us a few scattered bits to consider after the expiration
of the official chronicles. They speak of the "country of the Jews"
and "Jewish heroes" who fought against Russians and ruled the
steppes. Legends from the Middle ages circulated among Western Jews tell
of a "kingdom of the Red Jews."
of other lands were flattered by the existence of an independent Jewish
state. Popular imagination found here a particularly fertile field.
Just as the biblically minded Slavonic epics speak of "Jews"
rather than Khazars, so did western Jews long after spin romantic tales
around those "red Jews" so styled perhaps because of the slight
Mongolian pigmentation of many Khazars.
twelfth century there arose in Khazaria a Messianic movement, a rudimentary
attempt at a Jewish crusade, aimed at the conquest of Palestine by force
of arms. The initiator of the movement was a Khazar Jew, one Solomon
ben Duji, aided by his son Menahem and a Palestinian scribe. "They
wrote letters to all the Jews, near and far, in all the lands around
them ... They said that the time had come in which God would gather
Israel, His people from all lands to Jerusalem, the holy city, and that
Solomon Ben Duji was Elijah, and his son was the Messiah.
were apparently addressed to the Jewish communities in the Middle East,
and seemed to have had little effect, for the next episode takes place
only about twenty years later, when young Menahem assumed the name David
al-Roy, and the title of Messiah. Though the movement originated in
Khazaria, its centre soon shifted to Kurdistan. Here David assembled
a substantial armed force - possibly of local Jews, reinforced by Khazars
- and succeeded in taking possession of the strategic fortress of Amadie,
northeast of Mosul. From here he may have hoped to lead his army to
Edessa, and fight his way through Syria into the Holy Land. [...]
Jews of the Middle East, David certainly aroused fervent Messianic hopes.
One of his messages came to Baghdad and ... instructed its Jewish citizens
to assemble on a certain night on their flat roofs, whence they would
be flown on clouds to the Messiah's camp. A goodly number of Jews spent
that night on their roofs awaiting the miraculous flight.
rabbinical hierarchy in Baghdad, fearing reprisals by the authorities,
took a hostile attitude to the pseudo-Messiah and threatened him with
a ban. Not surprisingly, David al-Roy was assassinated - apparently
in his sleep, allegedly by his own father-in-law...
was venerated, and when Benjamin of Tudela traveled through Persia twenty
years after the event, "they still spoke lovingly of their leader."
But the cult did not stop there. According to one theory, the six-pointed
"shield of David" which adorns the modern Israeli flag, stated
to become a national symbol with David a- Roy's crusade. [...]
the half millennium of its existence and its aftermath in the East European
communities, this noteworthy experiment in Jewish statecraft doubtless
exerted a greater influence on Jewish history than we are as yet able
to envisage. [...]
the reduced Khazar kingdom persevered. It waged a more or less effective
defence against all foes until the middle of the thirteenth century,
when it fell victim to the great Mongol invasion... Even then it resisted
stubbornly until the surrender of all its neighbors. Its population
was largely absorbed by the Golden Horde which had established the centre
of its empire in Khazar territory. But before and after the Mongol upheaval
the Khazars sent many offshoots into the unsubdued Slavonic lands, helping
ultimately to build up the great Jewish centres of Eastern Europe.
we have the cradle of the numerically strongest and culturally dominant
part of modern Jewry. [Koestler, pp. 135 - 137]
remarks, this history reduces the term "anti-Semitism" to meaningless
jargon based on a misapprehension shared by both the Nazi killers and
It also reduces
the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to the most meaningless and tragic hoax
which history has ever perpetrated.
try to answer the question about the Mongols with a passage from Lev Gumilev's
work on Ethnogenesis
and the Biosphere:
deceive. When one is studying the general patterns of ethnology
one must remember above all that a real ethnos and an ethnonym, i.e.
ethnic name, are not the same thing.
encounter several different ethnoi bearing one and the same name; conversely,
one ethnos may be called differently. The word 'Romans' (romani), for
instance, originally meant a citizen of the polis Rome, but not at all
the Italics and not even the Latins who inhabited other towns of Latium.
epoch of the Roman Empire in the first and second centuries A.D. the
number of Romans increased through the inclusion among them of all Italians-Etruscans,
Samnites, Ligurians, Gauls, and many inhabitants of the provinces, by
no means of Latin origin.
edict of Caracalla in A.D. 212 all free inhabitants of municipalities
on the territory of the Roman Empire were called 'Romans', i.e. Greeks,
Cappadocians, Jews, Berbers, Gauls, Illyrians, Germans, etc. The concept
'Roman' lost its ethnic meaning, it would seem, but that was not so;
it simply changed it.
element became unity not even of culture, but of historical fate, instead
of unity of origin and language. The ethnos existed in that form for
three centuries, a considerable period, and did not break up.
contrary, it was transformed in the fourth and fifth centuries A.D.,
through the adoption of Christianity as the state religion, which began
to be the determinant principle after the fourth ecumenical council.
Those who recognized these councils sanctioned by the state authority
were Romans, and those who did not became enemies.
A new ethnos
was formed on that basis, that I conventionally call 'Byzantine', but
they themselves called themselves 'Romaic', i.e. 'Romans', though they
number of Slavs, Armenians, and Syrians were gradually merged among
the Romaic, but they retained the name 'Romans' until 1453, until the
fall of Constantinople. The Romaic considered precisely themselves 'Romans',
but not the population of Italy, where Langobards had become feudal
lords, Syrian Semites (who had settled in Italy, which had become
deserted, in the first to third centuries A.D.) the townsmen, and the
former colons from prisoners of war of all peoples at any time conquered
by the Romans of the Empire became peasants.
Genoese, Venetians, and other inhabitants of Italy considered themselves
'Romans', and not the Greeks, and on those grounds claimed the priority
of Rome where only ruins remained of the antique city.
branch of the ethnonym 'Romans' arose on the Danube, which had been
a place of exile after the Roman conquest of Dacia. There Phrygians,
Cappadocians, Thracians, Galatians, Syrians, Greeks, Illyrians, in short,
all the eastern subjects of the Roman Empire, served sentences for rebellion
against Roman rule. To understand one another they conversed in the
generally known Latin tongue. When the Roman legions left Dacia, the
descendants of the exiled settlers remained and formed an ethnos that
took the name 'Romanian', i.e. 'Roman', in the nineteenth century.
can treat the continuity between 'Romans' of the age of the Republic
and the 'Roman citizens' of the late Empire, even as a gradual extension
of the concept functionally associated with the spread of culture, there
is no such link even between the Byzantines and the Romans, from which
it follows that the word changed meaning and content and cannot serve
as an identifying attribute of the ethnos.
It is obviously
also necessary to take into consideration the context in which the word
- and so the epoch - has a semantic content, because the meaning of
words changes in the course of time. That is even more indicative when
we analyze the ethnonyms 'Turk', 'Tatar', and 'Mongol', an example
that cannot be left aside.
of camouflage. In the sixth century A.D. a small people living
on the eastern slopes of the Altai and Khangai mountains were called
Turks. Through several successful wars they managed to subordinate
the whole steppe from Hingan to the Sea of Azov. [The Khazars] The subjects
of the Great Kaghanate, who preserved their own ethnonyms for internal
use, also began to be called Turks, since they were subject to the Turkish
Arabs conquered Sogdiana and clashed with the nomads, they began to
call all of them Turks, including the Ugro-Magyars.
eighteenth century European scholars called all nomads 'les Tartars',
and in the nineteenth century, when linguistic classification became
fashionable, the name 'Turk' was arrogated to a definite group of
thus fell into the category 'Turk' who had not formed part of it in
antiquity, for example the Yakuts, Chuvash and the hybrid people, the
of the ethnonym 'Tatar' is an example of direct camouflage. Up
to the twelfth century this was the ethnic name of a group of 30 big
clans inhabiting the banks of the Korulen. In the twelfth century this
nationality increased in numbers, and Chinese geographers began to call
all the Central Asian nomads (Turkish speaking, Tungus-speaking, and
Mongol-speaking), including the Mongols, Tatars. And even when, in 1206,
Genghis-khan officially called all his subjects Mongols, neighbors continued
for some time from habit to call them Tatars.
form the word 'Tatar' reached Eastern Europe as a synonym of the word
'Mongol', and became acclimatized in the Volga Valley where the local
population began, as a mark of loyalty to the Khan of the Golden Horde
to call themselves Tatars. But
the original bearers of this name (Kereites, Naimans, Oirats, and Tatars)
began to call themselves Mongols. The names thus changed places.
time a scientific terminology arose in which the Tatar anthropological
type began to be called 'Mongoloid', and the language of the Volga Kipchak-Turks
Tatar. In other words we even employ an obviously camouflaged terminology
it is not simply a matter of confusion, but of an ethnonymic phantasmagoria.
Not all the nomad subjects of the Golden Horde were loyal to its government.
The rebels who lived in the steppes west of the Urals began to call
themselves Nogai, and those who lived on the eastern borders of the
Jochi ulus, in Tarbagatai and on the banks of the Irtysh, and who were
practically independent, because of their remoteness from the capital,
became the ancestors of the Kazakhs.
arose in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries as a consequence of
rapid mixing of various ethnic components. The ancestors of the Nogai
were the Polovtsy, steppe Alans, Central Asian Turks, who survived a
defeat by Batu and were taken into the Mongol army, and inhabitants
of the southern frontier of Rus, who adopted Islam, which became a symbol
at that time of ethnic consolidation. The Tatars included Kama Bulgars,
Khazars, and Burtasy, and also some of the Polovtsy and Ugric Mishari.
The population of the White Horde was the mixture; three Kazakh jus
were formed from it in the fifteenth century.
is not yet all. At the end of the fifteenth century Russian bands from
the Upper Volga began to attack the Middle Volga Tatar towns, forced
some of the population to quit their homeland and go off into Central
Asia under the chieftainship of Sheibani-khan (1500-1510). There they
were met as fierce enemies because the local Turks who at that time
bore the name of 'Chagatai' (after Genghis-khan's second son Chagatei,
the chief of the Central Asian ulus), were ruled by descendants of Timur,
the enemy of the steppe and Volga Tatars, who ravaged the Volga Valley
of the horde who quit their homeland took on a new name 'Uzbeks' to
honor the Khan Uzbeg (1312-1341), who had established Islam in the Golden
Horde as the state religion. In the sixteenth century the 'Uzbeks' defeated
Babur, the last of the Timurides, who led the remnants of his supporters
into India and conquered a new kingdom for himself there.
Turks who remained in Samarkand and Ferghana bear the name of their
conquerors, the Uzbeks. The same Turks, who went to India, began to
be called 'Moghuls' in memory of their having been, three hundred years
earlier, subject to the Mongol Empire.
the genuine Mongols who settled in eastern Iran in the thirteenth century,
and even retained their language, are called Khazareitsy from the Persian
word khazar -a thousand (meaning a military unit, or division).
are the Mongols, by whose name the yoke that lay on Rus for 240 years
not an ethnos, because by Genghis-khan's will Jochi, Batu, Orda, and
Sheibani each received 4 000 warriors, of whom only part came from the
Far East. The latter were called 'Kins' and not 'Tatars', from the Chinese
name of the Jurchen. This rare name occurred for the last time in the
Zadonshchina, in which Mamai was called Kinnish.
the yoke was not Mongol at all, but was enforced by the ancestors of
the nomad Uzbeks, who should not be confused with the settled Uzbeks,
although they merged in the nineteenth century, and now constitute a
single ethnos, who equally revere the Timurides and the Sheibanides,
who were deadly enemies in the sixteenth century, because that enmity
had already lost sense and meaning in the seventeenth century.
at the italicized paragraph above and then consider the comment from Michael
Hammer's paper where he says:
older estimated age of the factor XI type II mutation ( B3000 years),
which has a high frequency in both Ashkenazi and Iraqi Jewish populations,
implies that its frequency is largely independent of the recent demographic
upheavals particular to the Ashkenazi population. [...]
the history of the Khazars in mind, look again at the chart of relationships.
It all begins to make sense, doesn't it?
from Michael Hammer's study, Uni of Arizona.
are represented by triangles: Ashkenazim = Ash, Roman Jews = Rom,
North African Jews = Naf; Near Eastern Jews = Nea; Kurdish Jews
= Kur, Yemenite Jews = Yem; Ethiopian Jews = EtJ; non-Jewish Middle
Easterners = Pal, non-Jewish Syrians = Syr, non-Jewish Lebanes
= Leb, Israeli Druze = Dru, non-Jewish Saudi Arabians = Sar; Non-Jewish
Europeans: Rus = Russians, Bri = British, Ger = Germans, Aus =
Austrians, Ita = Italians, Spa = Spanish, Gre = Greeks, Tun =
North Africans and Tunisians; Egy = Egyptians, Eth = Ethiopians,
Gam = Gambians, Bia = Giaka, Bag = Bagandans, San = San, Zul =
Zulu. Tur = non Jewish Turks, Lem = Lemba from south Africa.
Now, I want
to go back, for a moment, to my off-hand remark that the descriptions
of the Khazars sound a lot like descriptions of the Franks. An Armenian
writer described them as having "insolent, broad, lashless faces
and long falling hair, like women."
is, nobody really knows who the Franks were or where they came from. It
has been conjectured that they were barbarian tribes from the East that
met and mingled with the Frisians.
that the Frisians originate from was settled as early as 3500 BC.
There were comings and goings of additional peoples as the archaeological
records show, but it seems to be possible to systematically track who
was who and who went where by their pottery and other artifacts.
period 400-200 BC, the archaeology shows that a group with its own identity
developed from the Ems/Weser and Drenthe settlers. This group was called
the Proto-Frisian culture by archaeologists. These Proto-Frisians lived
in an area between modern Leiden and Delfzijl. Over the coming centuries,
this group of Proto-Frisians expanded to fill the whole of the habitable
of the Romans to the southern Netherlands in 12 BC prevented the Frisians
from expanding their territory to the south of the Amstel and the Rhine.
Around the year 150 BC, the Frisians also lost the Groningen salt-marshes
to the Chatti who had advanced from East Friesland.
A list of
place-names compiled in Alexandria by geographer Claudius Ptolameus (Ptolemy)
c.150 AD was turned into maps by Europeans in the 15th century. These
maps also supply the names of those tribes dwelling along the North Sea
coastal regions. The evidence indicates that Saxons lived in southwest
Jutland (Ribe and southwards), North Friesland and Ditmarschen - as far
as the Elbe. Between the Elbe and the Weser lived the "greater" Chatti,
while the "lesser" Chatti lived in East Friesland. The descriptions given
by Ptolemy agrees with what has been reconstructed from the archaeological
of the Frisian salt-marshes occurred between 250 and 400 AD due to the
rising sea levels and flooding and, undoubtedly, the cometary destruction
of Europe. This resulted in an almost total depopulation of the Frisians
in North Holland.
not only affected Frisian areas. In the Baltic and northern European coastal
regions, the population retreated to the higher areas inland during
the second century AD. Where the Frisians went still cannot be stated
with certainty. It is thought that some of them migrated to Flanders in
the 3rd century, and from there crossed over to Kent in England. Frisian
Tritzumer pottery has been found in both regions. Kerst Huisman has theorized
that the Frisians of the flooded salt-marshes migrated to East Friesland
and there, together with the Chatti, formed the tribe known as
the Franks. There came into being, at any rate, a new tribe bearing the
name of the Franks about the year 300 AD.
of the tribe known as the Chatti has been mentioned by several ancient
sources. What I find to be of great interest is that the Hittites were
also known as the Chatti. And Abraham, the patriarch of the Jews, was
said to have been a Hittite. That is to say, an Aryan. I began to wonder
if the so-called pejorative characteristics that were historically assigned
to Jews might actually be an "Aryan cultural inheritance?" It
is, after all, the "Salic Law," from the Salian Franks, that
deprived women of the rights of inheritance and the position of women
was seriously degraded with the impostion of monotheism through Judaism.
stop here for a bit and go in a slightly different direction.
have stated that the experts note that
Frisian Tritzumer pottery has been found in Kent in England.
link between the Frisians and a tribe in England? Could it be possible
that the Frisians came FROM England to the salt marshes of northern Europe?
is the bizarre belief of the ancient Armenians and Georgians that the
Khazars were Gog and Magog.
we find the following:
these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth:
and unto them were sons born after the flood.
10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan,
and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
10:3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.
10:4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
10:5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their
lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
interesting to note that the word "Ashkenaz" is listed as a
name of one of great grandsons of Noah, through the "gentile"
line. What about the "isles of the Gentiles?"
other real mention of Gog and Magog is in a truly weird prophecy given
by the prophet Ezekiel:
the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 38:2 Son of man, set thy
face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and
Tubal, and prophesy against him, 38:3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD;
Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
38:4 And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will
bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them
clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers
and shields, all of them handling swords: 38:5 Persia, Ethiopia, and
Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet: 38:6 Gomer, and
all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all
his bands: and many people with thee.
thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that
are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them. 38:8 After many
days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into
the land that is brought back from the sword, and is gathered out of
many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always
waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell
safely all of them.
shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover
the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee.
saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same
time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:
38:11 And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled
villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely,
all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars
nor gates, 38:12 To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine
hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, and upon the
people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle
and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land.
and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof,
shall say unto thee, Art thou come to take a spoil? hast thou gathered
thy company to take a prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away
cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?
son of man, prophesy and say unto Gog, Thus saith the Lord GOD; In that
day when my people of Israel dwelleth safely, shalt thou not know it?
38:15 And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou,
and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company,
and a mighty army: 38:16 And thou shalt come up against my people of
Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days,
and I will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know
me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes.
saith the Lord GOD; Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by
my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many
years that I would bring thee against them?
it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the
land of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, that my fury shall come up in my
face. 38:19 For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken,
Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of
Israel; 38:20 So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the
heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep
upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth,
shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down,
and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to
I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith
the Lord GOD: every man's sword shall be against his brother. 38:22
And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I
will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that
are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.
will I magnify myself, and sanctify myself; and I will be known in the
eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I am the LORD.
thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord
GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and
Tubal: 39:2 And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part
of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts, and will
bring thee upon the mountains of Israel: 39:3 And I will smite thy
bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of
thy right hand. 39:4 Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou,
and all thy bands, and the people that is with thee: I will give thee
unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field
to be devoured. 39:5 Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have
spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.
I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in
the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD. 39:7 So will
I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will
not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know
that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel.
stuff, eh? And it sure sounds like what the currently named Israelis are
doing in Israel, doesn't it? Did you notice the references to unwalled
cities, and the building of a wall that would be brought down? What about
the weird remark "I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth
part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts, and
will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel"? If the Ashkenazi
are Gog and Magog, it makes perfect sense. A "sixth part" of
them survived the Holocaust and came from the north to Israel...
Lord works in mysterious ways!!!
you know how the Bible came to be written, when you read something like
the passage above, it makes your skin crawl.
mention of Gog and Magog in the book of Revelation:
when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his
prison, 20:8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are
in the four quarters of the earth, Gog, and Magog, to gather them together
to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 20:9 And they
went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints
about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven,
and devoured them. 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast
into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet
are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
the Signs Team pointed out another couple of items in Revelation to me
unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the
first and the last, which was dead, and is alive; 2:9 I know thy works,
and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the
blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the
synagogue of Satan.
I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews,
and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship
before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.
As it happens,
the Gog/Magog link is another key to the mystery.
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