Northern Roman Limes (borderline) on UNESCO list ?


The Living Force
Source (Dutch only): Nederland wil Romeinse Rijksgrens op Unescolijst

DeepL Translator said:
Netherlands wants Roman border on Unesco list


The Limes border runs right through the Netherlands - Image: Ministry of Education, Culture and Science

NOS News - Culture & Media - Today, 16:48

The former northern border of the Roman Empire is a unique and irreplaceable monument that should be on the UNESCO World Heritage List. This is what the Netherlands and Germany think, which is why they jointly propose the Lower Germanic Limes for the list. A decision will be taken next summer.

The Northern Limes (the Latin word for border) ran 2000 years ago along the Rhine, right through the Netherlands. To protect this border, the Romans built watchtowers and army camps here. At Nijmegen, Valkenburg, Leiden, Woerden, Bunnik and Arnhem traces thereof can still be seen, as just like in Germany.

"The large number of remains of all kinds of Roman fortifications in our soil makes the ancient border region an important archaeological monument," says Minister Van Engelshoven of Culture. There are a total of 19 sites in the Netherlands and 25 in Germany.

If heritage is added to Unesco's list, this means that national governments must make an effort to preserve it. Currently, there are ten Dutch places on the list, including the windmills of Kinderdijk, the Wadden Sea, the ring of canals of Amsterdam, and the Van Nelle factory in Rotterdam.

Translated with (free version)


The Living Force
Source: Two more Dutch sites added to Unesco cultural heritage list -

Two more Dutch sites added to UNESCO cultural heritage list

July 27, 2021

The Lower German Limes and the ‘Colonies of Benevolence’ in Groningen and Drenthe are to be added to the UNESCO world heritage listing, officials from the world body have decided.

The decision means there are now 12 Dutch cultural locations and one natural site on the official list.

The Limes (paths) (border line) are one of the frontiers of the Roman Empire in Europe and ‘provide a fine example of the development of an urban infrastructure in a region without central places, illustrating the spread of Roman administrative and architectural traditions,’ Unesco said.

The colonies were developed in the 19th century as social projects for poor families, orphans, ‘fallen women’, retired military personnel, beggars and vagrants. They are, according to Unesco ‘one of the most remarkable social experiments, based on 19th century, Western, Utopian thinking on the social order.’


Part of Veenhuizen, with the former workhouse - Photo: Sjaak Kempe via Flickr

Unesco includes Dutch water fortifications on heritage list after all -
Two Dutch sites named UNESCO World Heritage sites; Third location to be discussed

The Netherlands: additional evidence found near Nijmegen of Roman military aqueduct

In Dutch:
Ook Neder-Germaanse Limes op lijst werelderfgoed
Ook Neder-Germaanse Limes toegevoegd aan Werelderfgoedlijst Unesco


The Living Force
Source: Roman finds in Limes area in Utrecht unique in the world -

Roman finds in Limes area in Utrecht unique in the world

September 9, 2021


The finds are on show at Castellum Hoge Woerd. Photo: Cornutus via Wikimedia Commons

Archaeologists have found extremely rare Roman artifacts in an area of Utrecht that was once part of the Lower German Limes, the marching route which marked the frontier of the Roman Empire and which were recently declared a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The finds, which surfaced in 2019 and were only made public this week (in Dutch) after two years of conservation work, included a complete bolt head missile, and two sets of bridles and bits.

The bolt head, which would be discharged from a ballista or launching platform, measures 52.6 centimeters and is the only complete missile to have been found at a location where the Romans marched. It was one of their most formidable weapons and the pointed bolts could easily pierce iron shields.

‘The wet clay, and the lack of oxygen have preserved the objects extraordinarily well,’ city archaeologist Erik Graafstal said. A completely preserved wickerwork fish trap was found as well.

The finds will shed new light on the Roman military clothing, religious practices and trade routes of 2,000 years ago, archaeologists believe. Shards of an amphora of garum, the fish sauce beloved of Romans, for instance, showed it had traveled all the way from Pompeï to the fortified camp of Castellum Hoge Woerd.

While the fish trap and bolts are among the daily trappings of a Roman military camp, other finds, such as the bridles and bits belong in the category of ritual deposits.

A series of fibulae [brooches and pins], rings and coins as well as two jars which seems to have been pierced on purpose also seem to have been left as offerings to the gods. One of the jars bears the inscription ISPANI or Hispanis, which may point to the Spanish origin of the soldier who left it there.

The finds will be on show on open monument day (in Dutch) on September 11 at archaeology museum Castellum Hoge Woerd and will become part of a larger regional exhibition about the Limes at the Castellum at a later date.
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