Volcanoes Erupting All Over

XPan

Jedi Council Member
Surrealism Fagradalsfjall • Iceland

Bjorn-Steinbekk, "a guy with a drone" as he calles himself, made some truly astonishing images, flying over the main vent of the Fagradalsfjall eruption on 5 May 2021. Just incredible...

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And here, as Fagradalsfjall as of lately shoots 300-400 m high fountains, published 8 may 2021.

 

XPan

Jedi Council Member
Pacaya Volcano • Guatemala

Another beautiful photo, surreal in it's own right due to the murky atmosphere - was taken by Efefotos on twitter. The images is a moment from a ceremony afoot the Pacaya volcano, in which the locals prayed for protection for their harvest and homes. Incredibly enough, the two lava streams (2300 meter in lengths) did stop, reported at 🇩🇪 Vulkane.net on 7 May 2021 by Marc Szeglat and the volcano started with ash eruptions instead.


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sToRmR1dR

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
Sinabung volcano has erupted, spewing ash 12.2 kilometers into the sky.

By: VN - 13 May 2021

Posted by Teo Blašković on May 13, 2021

Published on May 13, 2021 (4:52)
 

XPan

Jedi Council Member
Surprise, Surprise... Mama Etna goes 18th Paroxysm

The Tremor chart went suddenly but briefly into the red, while Etna had a corresponding short lived paroxysm this morning at dawn, producing lava fountains and a lava flow.

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Photo by Boris Behncke (above and below, 2 photos)
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sToRmR1dR

The Living Force
FOTCM Member

mabar

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
Stromboli volcano eruption (Italy)

https://youtu.be/oZG6oaBIAvQ
Eruption of Stromboli volcano in Italy 2021. Stromboli volcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy): unusual eruption or landslide triggering a large ash column. A significant event has just occurred at Stromboli: friends of ours on the island have just alerted us of a huge ash plume rising from the Sciara del Fuoco area at 14:51 local time.


https://youtu.be/i3ve1zOMD48

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Stromboli volcano located at one of the tiny Islands above Sicily-image from wikipedia
 

c.a.

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
The Tremor chart went suddenly but briefly into the red, while Etna had a corresponding short lived paroxysm this morning at dawn, producing lava fountains and a lava flow.

The night sky glowed from the eruption of Mt. Etna in the early morning of May 19, in Italy. The volcano can be seen from the town of Catania.


Huge Volcano Exploded! Giant Lava Eruption in Iceland. Fagradalsfjall Volcano Erupts (May 19, 2021)
Stromboli volcano eruption (Italy)
#volcan#volcano#Stromboli Unstability in Sciara del Fuoco induces pyroclastic flow / Unstability in Sciara del Fuoco induces Pyroclastic Density Current


16 May, 2021 12:30 AM
 

sToRmR1dR

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
Popocatepetl volcano has erupted, spewing ash 5.8 kilometers into the sky.

By: VN - 20 May 2021

Published on May 20, 2021 (0:48)

UFO plunging into the top of Popocatepetl's crater.

Published on May 19, 2021 (0:47)

Published on May 20, 2021 (3:36)
 

XPan

Jedi Council Member
A little Sicilian background story • Etna Volcano
18-19 May 2021

Through my husband, i was told a little story - in a way symbolically - appears to be intertwined between the short eruption of Etna in the night of 18-19 May 2021 and the death of a beloved, famous singer, Franco Battiato - who lived afoot the Etna Volcano in Milo, on the east side of the volcano.

Apparently he was a very special singer with song texts which were different from most. In the beginning of his carrier he was gently ridiculed by reporters - but grow over time to a beloved singer and person for many. A guy who was highly spiritual, into metaphysics, quantum physics, reincarnation, and spoke about dimensions. His home in Milo was crammed with books on the shelves.

In his last interview 2 month ago he said something like:

"It is soon my time to go. Frankly, I don't want to be part of this idiocy of our time anymore, and I am more than happy to leave it behind. There is a place waiting for me (dimensional speaking?), and I am more than eager to get there to learn".

Even reporters in the local media in Sicily were astonished about Etna's very sudden, unexpected and short eruption, as if she seemed to salute to Franco Battiato departure. He must have been a very special character, to judge from what my husband told me about him. Well and Stromboli Volcano just had make it's voice heard too, on 19 May 2021.

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Mari

Jedi Council Member
I´ve been keeping an eye on a Laacher See Vulkano here in Germany for last 2 years or so, since I learned about it.
It is a spervulcano who has a potential to devastate half of Europe.

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Here are a few articles that came up during last years and this year.


January 2012 The Supervolcano That Can Devastate Europe Is Showing Signs of Awakening
Every ten to 12 thousand years, there's a volcano in the heart of Europe that goes boom. And not any boom, but a let's-kill-everyone-with-billions-of-tonnes-of-magma boom that would cover everything in ash from England and Denmark to the north of Italy.

Now, the supervolcano that can destroy bad teeth, rude waiters, overpriced wine, olive oil, smelly camping sites, disco music, nudist beaches, pasta, David Hasselhoff and Oktoberfest is awakening

It's been 12,900 years since the last eruption. The supervolcano is located under the Laacher See, a caldera lake in the Eifel mountain range, 15 miles from Koblenz and 30 miles from Bonn, the old capital of West Germany.

Some scientists are saying that the volcano can go now at any time, although there are no official alerts. They are just watching for now. Seismological activity started in 2010, with the latest movements happening last February, when a series of seven earthquakes ranging from 2.0 to 4.5 magnitude were registered in the area.

The lake has been bubbling since with with carbon dioxide gas that comes from the magma under the lake's bed.
Maybe this is what Europe needs to get out of the Euro crisis.

I wonder what would happen to the world's weather if this, the deadly Mount Tambora and the Yellowstone hypermegasupervolcano explode at the same time. I can already imagine the 2012 doomsday idiots screaming "I told y*" before getting engulfed in flames. [Daily Mail]


June 2020 Eifel volcano: new study - is an eruption likely?
The Eifel volcano is still active. Researchers have measured that the earth rises there. Is there a risk of a volcanic eruption?

A volcano last erupted 13,000 years ago, and since then it has been quiet in the Eifel - but Eifel volcano is still active. That is why the earth rises. Very little, around a millimeter per year - but has been for a long time.

At the same time, the earth's surface is moving apart horizontally, as if something is pushing from below upwards. US scientists have proven this for the first time. In a study they evaluated measurement data from thousands of GPS antennas in Western Europe over 20 years - and thus came across new evidence of still active volcanism in the Eifel region.

Eifel volcano: ground movements are clearer​

"The Eifel is the only region in the study in which the ground movement was significantly greater than expected," says lead author Corné Kreemer from the University of Nevada in Reno. "The results suggest that rising rock material could cause this movement of the ground." If you look at all the points, "then it seems clear that something is brewing beneath the heart of northwestern Europe".

Only known since 2019: Eifel is an active volcanic system​

The last volcanic eruption in the Eifel was almost 13,000 years ago. According to researchers, it was as powerful as the Philippine volcano Pinatubo, which catapulted five billion cubic meters of ash and dust into the air in 1991. It is assumed that magma accumulates under the Eifel at a depth of around 50 kilometers, the scientists write in the "Geophysical Journal International". The uplift area with the center Eifel also includes Luxembourg, East Belgium and the south of the Netherlands.

German researchers had only proven at the beginning of 2019 that the Eifel is still an active volcanic system. Since 2013, they identified eight series of low-frequency earthquakes under the Laacher See at a depth of 10 to 45 kilometers. These are indications that igneous fluids could rise from the upper mantle into the earth's crust, they wrote in the "Geophysical Journal Internetional" at the time. Eifel and Co. - How many volcanoes are there in Germany?

However, the results of both studies did not mean that a volcanic eruption was currently imminent, says Torsten Dahm from the German Research Center for Geosciences (GFZ) in Potsdam, who was involved in the German study. The new US investigation is "a nice confirmation" that "there is activity in the Eifel". And from a different point of view: "It has been possible for the first time to measure current uplift in a larger area."

Volcano in the Eifel: researchers believe that a minor eruption is likely​

Dahm explains: “Something is pressing in the middle. It pushes up and it also pushes away to the side. The way you imagine it when something moves upwards from below. ”This fits in with the assumptions“ that there is an upward movement of mantle rock in the upper mantle ”. So far, it has been estimated from surface sediments that the soil only rises by 0.3 or 0.1 millimeters per year. "The rate determined by current measurements is higher."

“However, the investigations do not change our assessments of the volcanic hazard,” says Dahm. The probability is there that there could be another maar outbreak or a small cinder cone in the Eifel. The geophysicist estimates that a larger eruption is expected sometime in the future, “most likely again in the Eastern Eifel at Lake Laacher See”.

Further investigations are to follow​

“We have observed microquakes as they migrate to the Laacher See, so to speak. Which is a pretty clear observation. ”It is therefore important“ to investigate this more closely ”. The challenge is to "really map" the magma reservoir. This is the prerequisite for being able to better assess “how great the volcanic hazard actually is”.

The measurements in the Eifel should be expanded, says Thomas Dreher from the Rhineland-Palatinate State Office for Geology and Mining in Mainz. The earthquake service has already been strengthened this year and the measuring set in the Eifel has been intensified. “But we want to be even more sensitive,” he says. "And it's our turn."

He does not see any threat to people or infrastructure at all. "Not even in the next 1000 years."


19.01.2021 Is Germany about to have a massive volcanic eruption? Researcher prognosis worries: "Something is brewing"
It seems to be bubbling beneath the Eifel. In their study, US researchers found an extraordinary combination of stretching and lifting of the subsurface.
  • German researchers already discovered active volcano in the Eifel last year.
  • In their study, US researchers discovered a unique combination of expansion and uplift of the earth's surface.
  • Is a volcanic eruption imminent in Germany?
Mendig / Reno - The last volcanic eruption occurred in the Eifel about 13,000 years ago. However, volcano in the region is still active. US scientists from the University of Nevada at Reno have now discovered new evidence. In a study they evaluated measurement data from thousands of GPS antennas in Western Europe over a period of 20 years.

Vulkan: Huge eruption in Germany? US researchers determine uplift and expansion of the earth's surface​

The researchers found that the earth in the Eifel rises by one millimeter per year. At the same time there is a horizontal expansion of the earth's surface. "The Eifel is the only region in the study in which the ground movement was significantly greater than expected," explains Corné Kreemer , the study's lead author. The results also suggest that rising rock material could cause the ground to move. If you look at this evidence, "it seems clear that something is brewing under the heart of Northwest Europe," continues the expert.

The scientists assume that magma accumulates under the Eifel at a depth of around 50 kilometers. The Eifel is the center of this abnormally strong uplift. The entire area also includes Luxembourg , eastern Belgium and southern Netherlands .

The volcanic system in the Eifel was first documented by German researchers last year​

Last year, German researchers demonstrated that the Eifel an active volcanic system is *. Since 2013, they have detected eight series of low-frequency earthquakes at a depth of ten to 45 kilometers. These are indications that under the Laacher See volcano magmatic fluids could rise from the upper mantle into the earth's crust, they wrote at the time in the "Geophysical Journal International".

Volcanic eruption in Germany is currently not imminent​

Torsten Dahm from the German Research Center for Geosciences (GFZ) in Potsdam , who was involved in the German study, gives the all-clear. A volcanic eruption in Germany is currently not imminent. The new US study is "a nice confirmation" for the activity in the Eifel . “However, the investigations do not change our assessments of the volcanic hazard,” says Dahm. A bigger outbreak is expected sometime in the future "most likely again in the Eastern Eifel at the Laacher See."

The experts agree: Developments in the Eifel should continue to be monitored. Thomas Dreher from the Rhineland-Palatinate State Office for Geology and Mining in Mainz is also in favor of expanding measurements in the region. However, he does not fear any threat to people or infrastructure "even in the next 1000 years."

Most recently, the Icelandic authorities warned of a possible volcanic eruption after a series of smaller earthquakes . In December 2019, a volcanic eruption in New Zealand left 17 dead. (ph / dpa) * merkur.de is part of the nationwide Ippen digital editorial network.


27.02.2021 Volcano riddle: the earth rises in the Eifel village
Satellite images show that the earth is rising in an Eifel town on Lake Laacher See. It is an area where earthquakes indicate magma movement. Scientists step up surveillance.

Strange things happen in the Eifel village of Glees, where the Maria Laach monastery is located and the German Volcano Road begins. The earth shakes slightly, the earth rises slightly, and the fountain at SOL Kohlensäure GmbH & Co. KG (a CO2 producing company) no longer bubbles: After around 50 years, there has been no more carbon dioxide from the depths since 2016. Nobody really knows what that is related to, but one thing connects all the phenomena there: The place sits above the Eifel volcano .

The latest information comes from a height of 700 kilometers and yet revolves around a few millimeters: Using radar technology, the Sentinel-1 satellite has provided data that the roof of the carbonic acid fountain is approaching it by up to one centimeter a year. Something is pressing from below.

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Elevation of four centimeters​

Roofs are the most common measuring points for such elevations. The Federal Institute for Geosciences and Raw Materials made this clear. In an evaluation by the Ground Movement Service Germany (BBD), almost all measuring points are green: no changes in height. Wherever mining is or has been carried out, yellow and red dots are found because the earth is sinking, or blue ones because it rises again after mining has ended.

The roof of the well building in Glees is dark blue. It lies between a few more blue dots. An increase of almost four centimeters from 2016 to 2019. The next evaluation that the BBD is planning for the summer will show how things will continue after that.

It is data that is electrifying for Thorsten Dahm, professor at the Geoforschungszentrum Potsdam (GFZ) and head of the Earthquake and Volcano Physics section there. Following an inquiry from t-online, he had the elevation in Glees confirmed by experts in radar wave distance measurement at GFZ.

At a diameter of 200 kilometers, the earth in the Eifel bulges very weakly, one millimeter a year. But a local uplift as in Glees, ten times as strong as that, is something that has so far been missing from observations on volcanism in the region. Glees was already keeping a close eye on Dahm. Last year, at a meeting of various institutions not far from the town, discussions were held about improving geophysical monitoring in the Eifel.

Last eruption 12,900 years ago​

At the beginning of 2019, Dahm and other researchers caused a sensation with a study that provided evidence that magma flows in where the Laacher See volcano erupted 12,900 years ago. At that time, clouds of ash moved as far as Sweden and northern Italy, debris from the explosive eruption when magma and water came together dammed the Rhine and turned it upstream into a lake landscape. It was the largest known volcanic eruption in the Eifel in the last 100,000 years.

Measurement data now clearly indicate an upward movement in the magma below the region. Earthquakes at great depths with unusually low vibration frequencies, so-called DLF quakes, were registered.
If you connect the points at which these DLF earthquakes lasting between 40 seconds and 8 minutes have been observed since 2013, you get a channel. From a depth of 45 kilometers southwest of the Laacher See, it rises to a depth of ten kilometers below the Laacher See. A magma chamber is believed to be ten to seven kilometers deep there, a remnant of the eruption at that time, into which magma could flow today.

In the extension of the upper end of the ascent channel lies: Glees. And from there, it wasn't just the satellite that delivered the suspicious data. In 2017, researchers there recorded an unusual sequence of very weak tremors at depths of four to five kilometers, i.e. above the presumed magma, for months.

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Potsdam expert: "Special constellation"​

This quake swarm and the uplift - is this a sign of the penetration of magma into higher surrounding rock, a so-called magmatic intrusion? "It is not possible to say with certainty whether it is related to this," Dahm told t-online. Both phenomena at the location are "a very interesting development and a special constellation".

According to the GFZ researcher, the sequence of the smallest swarm is not typical for incoming magma. "The activity could also be triggered by CO2 that has dissolved like a 'pop' at a greater depth." And there could also be some causes for the uplift in Glees, also man-made.

The view goes to the carbon dioxide producer SOL and its fountain in Glees. When the uplift began in 2016 in the data from the satellite launched two years earlier, the production of carbon dioxide at SOL had come to a standstill. But the company does not believe in a connection with the uplift.

No more dying plants​

There is also another observation of the Gleeser farmer Jürgen Radermacher: There are no more plants suffocating in the fields that he cultivates around the Wiesenhof, a stone's throw from the fountain building: "A few years ago there were places where carbon dioxide rose and then after sowing young plants have died. " Where is the carbon dioxide?

The gas production, which for the time being dried up, is neither excluded nor confirmed as the cause of the uplift, even for another expert. The phenomenon can be explained by the intrusion of magma, says Michael Förster, who has analyzed the eruptions of the Eifel volcanoes over the past 500,000 years and is researching the geochemical behavior of magmas at Macquarie University in Sydney.

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How should one imagine that? "It would then be a very shallow inflow from the possible chamber under the Laacher See, moving sideways," said Förster. The not so large sequence of the DLF earthquakes in the ascent channel could fit in with this. That is then a small amount, not a harbinger of an imminent outbreak. "In other volcanoes, elevations of several tens of centimeters to meters before eruptions are known."

Elevation would not be considered in Iceland​

GFZ Professor Dahm confirms this: "An uplift of this magnitude would be noticed in Iceland, but uplifts on volcanoes there are only examined more closely when they are significantly larger: in the range of centimeters per month."

In addition to the very local phenomenon at Glees, the scientists are also concerned with large-scale uplift: an area 200 kilometers in diameter as far as Luxembourg rises slightly , "the cause must be deep in the mantle," says Dahm - where the origins are in rock movements for volcanism in the Eifel, Westerwald and Siebengebirge.

GPS data provided the information for this, and a study by the University of Nevada was able to confirm the extent and localize it more precisely. But this uplift is a large-scale process and nothing that could provide clues as an early warning system. The earthquakes or local uplifts then play a role.

Overall, these are weak signals in the Eifel. But: "We take it seriously," said Dahm. "We want to watch it even more closely." This is done in cooperation with the State Geological Office in Mainz and the State Surveying Office in Koblenz.

To monitor more GPS transmitters​

Additional GPS stations will be set up around the Laacher See in order to better record uplift in the future, says Dahm. In Glees, the chemical composition of gas samples is to be examined with an isotope analysis. This analysis should also be an important component in assessing: Was it CO2 that made a plop at a greater depth? What was the possible trigger? The strange things in the Eifel village of Glees in the volcanic area, which will not rest forever, still pose a number of puzzles to the scientists.
 

sToRmR1dR

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
Sangay volcano has erupted spewing ash and lava hundreds of meters into the sky.

By: T - 22 May 2021

Posted by Teo Blašković on May 22, 2021


Meteor flies over Etna volcano

Published on May 21, 2021 (0:26)
 

c.a.

The Living Force
FOTCM Member

#SONDAKİKA The big eruption started on Nyiragongo Volcano in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The volcano is located just a few kilometers from the densely populated city of Goma, where panic is reported to have erupted

Big eruptions occur at Nyiragongo Volcano in the Democratic Republic of the Congo #Nyamulagira - Volcano Satellite image


The Mount Nyiragongo volcano burst into activity Saturday, spewing red fumes into the night sky, said an AFP reporter in the nearby Democratic Republic of Congo city of Goma.
Power was cut in the city and some residents began leaving their homes and heading towards the nearby border with Rwanda.

"The sky has turned red," one resident, Carine Mbala, told AFP by telephone.

"There is a smell of sulphur. In the distance you can see giant flames coming out of the mountain.

"But there has not been any earthquake," she added.

"People are leaving or preparing to leave," another resident told AFP, as the streets began filling up, some carrying as much of their belongings as they could.

For the moment, there is no sign of a flow of lava from the city, the correspondent said.

Goma sits on the mountain's southern flank and overlooks Lake Kivu.

The last time Nyiragongo erupted was January 17, 2002, killing more than a hundred people and covering almost all of the eastern part of Goma with lava, including half of the airport's landing strip.

Hundreds of thousands fled the city.

The deadliest eruption of the 3,000-metre high volcano was in 1977, when more than 600 died.

The Goma region, which lies in North Kivu province, bordering Rwanda and Uganda, has six volcanoes, all higher than 3,000 metres.

(AFP)

Meanwhile:
 

c.a.

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
Updated on Mount Nyiragongo volcano eruption (May 22, 2021).

Oppenheimer Ranch Project
Premiered 2 hours ago
Volcano in eastern Congo erupts, triggering panic in nearby Goma https://nbcnews.to/3fbIXc3 Nyiragongo Volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: ERUPTION AT 20210522/1800Z ONGOING ERUPTION OBS VA DTG: 22/2100Z to 45000 ft (13700 m) https://bit.ly/3yvs7MY Breaking News: Nyiragongo Volcano In DR Congo Erupts | locals flee city | Volcano Eruption https://bit.ly/3vevaHd Nyiragongo Historical Data https://s.si.edu/2Na3SRN


Local media reports that tremors have been felt as lava continues to advance in the city of Goma. Video: Courtesy
 
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