Earth Changes and the Human-Cosmic Connection

c.a.

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"Mars' Electric Moon" --Solar Eruptions Could Electrify Red Planet's Phobos (VIDEO)
October 18, 2017
_http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2017/10/-mars-electric-moon-solar-eruptions-could-electrify-red-planets-phobos-.html
Powerful solar eruptions could electrically charge areas of the Martian moon Phobos to hundreds of volts, presenting a complex electrical environment that could possibly affect sensitive electronics carried by future robotic explorers, according to a new NASA study. The study also considered electrical charges that could develop as astronauts transit the surface on potential human missions to Phobos.
Phobos has been considered as a possible initial base for human exploration of Mars because its weak gravity makes it easier to land spacecraft, astronauts and supplies. The idea would be to have the astronauts control robots on the Martian surface from the moons of Mars, without the considerable time delay faced by Earth-based operators.

"We found that astronauts or rovers could accumulate significant electric charges when traversing the night side of Phobos - the side facing Mars during the Martian day," said William Farrell of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland. "While we don't expect these charges to be large enough to injure an astronaut, they are potentially large enough to affect sensitive equipment, so we would need to design spacesuits and equipment that minimizes any charging hazard." Farrell is lead author of a paper on this research published online Oct. 3 in Advances in Space Research.

Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos. Although this study focused on Phobos, similar conditions are expected at Deimos, since both moons have no atmosphere and are directly exposed to the solar wind - a stream of electrically conducting gas, called a plasma, that's constantly blowing off the surface of the Sun into space at around a million miles per hour.

The solar wind is responsible for these charging effects. When the solar wind strikes the day side of Phobos, the plasma is absorbed by the surface. This creates a void on the night side of Phobos that the plasma flow is obstructed from directly entering. However, the composition of the wind - made of two types of electrically charged particles, namely ions and electrons - affects the flow. The electrons are over a thousand times lighter than the ions.

"The electrons act like fighter jets - they are able to turn quickly around an obstacle -- and the ions are like big, heavy bombers - they change direction slowly," said Farrell. "This means the light electrons push in ahead of the heavy ions and the resulting electric field forces the ions into the plasma void behind Phobos, according to our models."

The study shows that this plasma void behind Phobos may create a situation where astronauts and rovers build up significant electric charges. For example, if astronauts were to walk across the night-side surface, friction could transfer charge from the dust and rock on the surface to their spacesuits. This dust and rock is a very poor conductor of electricity, so the charge can't flow back easily into the surface -- and charge starts to build up on the spacesuits.

On the day side, the electrically conducting solar wind and solar ultraviolet radiation can remove the excess charge on the suit. But, on the night side, the ion and electron densities in the trailing plasma void are so low they cannot compensate or 'dissipate' the charge build-up. The team's calculations revealed that this static charge can reach ten thousand volts in some materials, like the Teflon suits used in the Apollo lunar missions. If the astronaut then touches something conductive, like a piece of equipment, this could release the charge, possibly similar to the discharge you get when you shuffle across a carpet and touch a metal door handle.

The team modeled the flow of the solar wind around Phobos and calculated the buildup of charge on the night side, as well as in obstructed regions in shadow, like Stickney crater, the largest crater on Phobos.

"We found that excess charge builds up in these regions during all solar wind conditions, but the charging effect was especially severe in the wake of solar eruptions like coronal mass ejections, which are dense, fast gusts of solar wind," said Farrell.

This study was a follow-up to earlier studies that revealed the charging effects of solar wind in shadowed craters on Earth's Moon and near-Earth asteroids. Some conditions on Phobos are different than those in the earlier studies. For example, Phobos gets immersed in the plasma flowing behind Mars because it orbits Mars much closer than the Moon orbits Earth. The plasma flow behind Mars' orbit was modeled as well.

SSERVI is funded by the Science Mission Directorate and Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington.


https://youtu.be/l6f0PMU1RGg?rel=0

Atmospheric rivers eye Pacific Northwest and British Columbia, heavy rain expected
Posted by TW on October 18, 2017
https://watchers.news/2017/10/18/atmospheric-rivers-eye-pacific-northwest-and-british-columbia-heavy-rain-expected/
Snip:
A frontal system will begin to approach the Pacific Northwest by Wednesday evening, October 18, 2017, with precipitation increasing throughout the day and into tonight. The same system will equally affect Canada's British Columbia. Heavy rain will continue falling through the rest of the week.

"A fascinating weather pattern is in place in the Northern Hemisphere this week. It’s a river in the sky that spans the full width of the Pacific Ocean from Asia to North America. The phenomenon is remarkably obvious — a plume of clouds with a few areas of low pressure embedded, transported at shocking speeds across the planet’s largest ocean via the jet stream,"
Capital Weather Gang's Jason Samenow said. (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-weather-gang/wp/2017/10/17/rare-5000-mile-long-river-in-the-sky-to-bombard-pacific-northwest-with-heavy-rain-and-snow/?utm_term=.dcfbd8f95ab5)

GSM Update 10/20/17 - La Palma 3D Seismic Data - Flooding Spain & Philippines - Fireballs - Cosmic Ray Increase (Strong Language / 9:08)
Oppenheimer Ranch Project Published on Oct 20, 2017
_https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_z33I4DestE

October 18, 2017
https://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/NOAA_Earth_Daily_Color/Snapshot.html
NESDIS-VIIRSlatest.jpg


U.S. Winter Outlook: NOAA forecasters predict cooler, wetter North and warmer, drier South
Drought likely to persist in northern Plains
_http://www.noaa.gov/media-release/us-winter-outlook-noaa-forecasters-predict-cooler-wetter-north-and-warmer-drier-south

https://youtu.be/cogg59V6PL0?rel=0
 

Cosmos

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A new "bizarre" Phenomenon was just discovered in the oceans:

Scientists Observe Bizarre 'Double Whirlpools' in The Ocean For The First Time

Nobody has ever seen this before.

For the first time, scientists have recorded a bizarre phenomenon in fluid dynamics, which up until now had only ever been theoretically predicted, but never observed in the wild.

In the ocean, vast whirlpools called eddies span up to hundreds of kilometres across and are a relatively common event. But now researchers have observed these giant vortices swirling in tandem: two connected whirlpools spiralling in opposite directions.

"Ocean eddies almost always head to the west, but by pairing up they can move to the east and travel ten times as fast as a normal eddy, so they carry water in unusual directions across the ocean," explains oceanographer Chris Hughes from the University of Liverpool in the UK.

"What we found was a pair of eddies spinning in opposite directions and linked to each other so that they travel together all the way across the Tasman Sea, taking six months to do it."

These spun-together whirlpool pairs are called modons, and while scientists have predicted for decades that they might form in the ocean, nobody had ever seen one - until Hughes took a close look at satellite footage of oceans around Australia.

"I happened to notice one little feature down in the Tasman Sea [between Australia and New Zealand] that was behaving very strangely compared to everywhere else," Hughes told Popular Science.

"Almost all these eddies drift slowly westwards, but this little feature was going quickly eastwards."

Further investigations revealed this double whirlpool was no fluke. It turns out satellites had been recording these phenomena swirling below them for a quarter-century at least, just nobody had realised what they were.

The team scanned through satellite imagery dating back to 1993 and found evidence of nine distinct modons – eight whirling around Australia, and one forming in the Atlantic Ocean, to the southwest of South Africa.

While there's still a lot we don't understand about how these linked eddies fuse as one, the team thinks they might join up when two whirlpools collide with one another in the ocean.

Alternatively, eddies spiralling near coastal regions might encounter friction as they brush up against the coastline, giving birth to swirling waters running in the opposite direction to the parent.

When the two whirlpools become entwined, their linked tails form a U-shaped vortex under the water, which can hold together for up to six months before falling apart.

Given the extreme speeds these double whirlpools generate – compared to ocean currents or single eddies – the researchers speculate they might even act like a kind of trap, catching and transporting whatever gets sucked in to distant waters elsewhere.

"My thinking is that these linked, fast moving eddies could 'suck-up' small marine creatures and carry them at high speed and for long distances across the ocean," Hughes says.

If that's right, the phenomenon might shuttle not only water but heat, minerals, nutrients, and organisms from one part of the ocean to another – a kind of watery proxy of teleportation that some species might even be adapting to.

"You would get particular blobs of water where the biology and the conditions are totally different from the surrounding area," Hughes told Popular Science.

"It's quite possible there are shoals of particular types of fish following these eddies for their special conditions. Fish would actually actively follow the eddies by choice because of what's in them."

The findings are reported in Geophysical Research Letters.
 

gdpetti

Jedi Council Member
Google/Youtube's new policy is funny, I was watching the animation for the sinkholes on another site... near the end I clicked the link to it on Youtube and got the signin page... as they think it might be 'inappropriate for some users'. ;)
 

Cosmos

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Scientist just discovered 12 new moons of Jupiter! Including one "oddball" that "has an orbit like no other known Jovian moon”. Of course that can all just be explained by better observing methods and equipment. Sure! I highly doubt this though. See Pierres discussion in the book about this idea, which is pretty unlikely. More likely that Jupiter just captured 12 additional moons in the last couple of years because of an increased inflow of comets...
A DOZEN NEW MOONS OF JUPITER DISCOVERED, INCLUDING ONE “ODDBALL”

Monday, July 16, 2018

Washington, DC—
Twelve new moons orbiting Jupiter have been found—11 “normal” outer moons, and one that they’re calling an “oddball.” This brings Jupiter’s total number of known moons to a whopping 79—the most of any planet in our Solar System.

A team led by Carnegie’s Scott S. Sheppard first spotted the moons in the spring of 2017 while they were looking for very distant Solar System objects as part of the hunt for a possible massive planet far beyond Pluto.

In 2014, this same team found the object with the most-distant known orbit in our Solar System and was the first to realize that an unknown massive planet at the fringes of our Solar System, far beyond Pluto, could explain the similarity of the orbits of several small extremely distant objects. This putative planet is now sometimes popularly called Planet X or Planet Nine. University of Hawaii’s Dave Tholen and Northern Arizona University’s Chad Trujillo are also part of the planet search team.

“Jupiter just happened to be in the sky near the search fields where we were looking for extremely distant Solar System objects, so we were serendipitously able to look for new moons around Jupiter while at the same time looking for planets at the fringes of our Solar System,” said Sheppard.

Gareth Williams at the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center used the team’s observations to calculate orbits for the newly found moons.

“It takes several observations to confirm an object actually orbits around Jupiter,” Williams said. “So, the whole process took a year.”

Nine of the new moons are part of a distant outer swarm of moons that orbit it in the retrograde, or opposite direction of Jupiter’s spin rotation. These distant retrograde moons are grouped into at least three distinct orbital groupings and are thought to be the remnants of three once-larger parent bodies that broke apart during collisions with asteroids, comets, or other moons. The newly discovered retrograde moons take about two years to orbit Jupiter.

Two of the new discoveries are part of a closer, inner group of moons that orbit in the prograde, or same direction as the planet’s rotation. These inner prograde moons all have similar orbital distances and angles of inclinations around Jupiter and so are thought to also be fragments of a larger moon that was broken apart. These two newly discovered moons take a little less than a year to travel around Jupiter.

“Our other discovery is a real oddball and has an orbit like no other known Jovian moon,” Sheppard explained. “It’s also likely Jupiter’s smallest known moon, being less than one kilometer in diameter”.
This new “oddball” moon is more distant and more inclined than the prograde group of moons and takes about one and a half years to orbit Jupiter. So, unlike the closer-in prograde group of moons, this new oddball prograde moon has an orbit that crosses the outer retrograde moons.

As a result, head-on collisions are much more likely to occur between the “oddball” prograde and the retrograde moons, which are moving in opposite directions.

“This is an unstable situation,” said Sheppard. “Head-on collisions would quickly break apart and grind the objects down to dust.”

It’s possible the various orbital moon groupings we see today were formed in the distant past through this exact mechanism.

The team think this small “oddball” prograde moon could be the last-remaining remnant of a once-larger prograde-orbiting moon that formed some of the retrograde moon groupings during past head-on collisions. The name Valetudo has been proposed for it, after the Roman god Jupiter’s great-granddaughter, the goddess of health and hygiene.

Elucidating the complex influences that shaped a moon’s orbital history can teach scientists about our Solar System’s early years.

For example, the discovery that the smallest moons in Jupiter’s various orbital groups are still abundant suggests the collisions that created them occurred after the era of planet formation, when the Sun was still surrounded by a rotating disk of gas and dust from which the planets were born.
Because of their sizes—one to three kilometers—these moons are more influenced by surrounding gas and dust. If these raw materials had still been present when Jupiter’s first generation of moons collided to form its current clustered groupings of moons, the drag exerted by any remaining gas and dust on the smaller moons would have been sufficient to cause them to spiral inwards toward Jupiter. Their existence shows that they were likely formed after this gas and dust dissipated.
Jupiter_Moons_Recovery_0.png


The initial discovery of most of the new moons were made on the Blanco 4-meter telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-American in Chile and operated by the National Optical Astronomical Observatory of the United States. The telescope recently was upgraded with the Dark Energy Camera, making it a powerful tool for surveying the night sky for faint objects. Several telescopes were used to confirm the finds, including the 6.5-meter Magellan telescope at Carnegie’s Las Campanas Observatory in Chile; the 4-meter Discovery Channel Telescope at Lowell Observatory Arizona (thanks to Audrey Thirouin, Nick Moskovitz and Maxime Devogele); the 8-meter Subaru Telescope and the Univserity of Hawaii 2.2 meter telescope (thanks to Dave Tholen and Dora Fohring at the University of Hawaii); and 8-meter Gemini Telescope in Hawaii (thanks to Director’s Discretionary Time to recover Valetudo). Bob Jacobson and Marina Brozovic at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory confirmed the calculated orbit of the unusual oddball moon in 2017 in order to double check its location prediction during the 2018 recovery observations in order to make sure the new interesting moon was not lost.

Caption: Recovery images of Valetudo from the Magellan telescope in May 2018. The moon can be seen moving relative to the steady state background of distant stars. Jupiter is not in the field but off to the upper left.
Jupiter_Moons_Orbits-800x500.png

__________________
This research was partially funded by a NASA Planetary Astronomy grant and includes data gathered with the 6.5-meter Magellan Telescopes. This project used data obtained with the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), which was constructed by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaborating institutions. Observations were partly obtained at CTIO, NOAO, which are operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, under contract with the NSF.
 

Cosmos

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Notice that the "oddball" they discovered as one of the 12 new moons has the following feature:

So, unlike the closer-in prograde group of moons, this new oddball prograde moon has an orbit that crosses the outer retrograde moons.

As a result, head-on collisions are much more likely to occur between the “oddball” prograde and the retrograde moons, which are moving in opposite directions.

“This is an unstable situation,” said Sheppard. “Head-on collisions would quickly break apart and grind the objects down to dust.”

So how come that the scientist don't question how since when this oddball actually could be flying there around Jupiter? I mean if there is a high likelihood that it will collide with other moons because of his strange orbit, that would suggest that there is also a good likelihood that it was captured rather recently because it is still there to observe?! Or am I missing something here?
 

Cosmos

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There has been a buzz about a new theory that came out a couple of days ago which proposes that instead of Planet 9 or Planet X, the real culprit could be a disk of many, many small icy object that exert the same gravitational pull on the outer objects of the solar system as the Planet 9 Model does.

Prof. Mike Brown was now asked about it on a german news platform. Brown together with fellow Caltech astronomer, Konstantin Batygin, were the first who proposed the existence of Planet Nine with a concrete working theory in 2016.

Brown makes it clear in the interview, that while the new proposed theory is the first good attempt to present an alternative, the likelihood, or rather plausibility, of its existence in reality is pretty low, especially when compared to the Planet 9 model.

The four points Brown makes are:

- A disk of many small objects is very unlikely to be in a stable orbit around the sun for 4 billion years
- Such a disk must be much easier to find than Planet Nine, while it hasn't been found
- The theory is much more complex and complicated than the Planet 9 theory
- In science you first look at the most plausible/uncomplicated explanation and work from there, which is Planet 9

I agree, Planet 9 sounds much more plausible.
 

Pierre

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The four points Brown makes are:

- A disk of many small objects is very unlikely to be in a stable orbit around the sun for 4 billion years

Exactly. It's very unlikely small objects would follow an invariable orbit (as suggested by the 11 mass extinction separated each by 273 millions years) for billions of years knowing that there are gravitationally powerful objetcs along the path.
 

c.a.

The Living Force
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No matter what spin “they” try to sell, it all come's back too here.
The title's right, but the excuse's as science, are flawed.

The Human Element
Published on Dec 12, 2018
With rare compassion and heart, THE HUMAN ELEMENT follows environmental photographer James Balog on his quest to highlight Americans on the frontlines of climate change, inspiring us to re-evaluate our relationship with the natural world.
Edit:
 
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thorbiorn

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
Could anyone help me understand this figure from the chapter about The Gulf Stream? It is page 181 in the English version.

1576847191091.png

The picture I found on Теория Электрической Вселенной. Часть 24: Гольфстрим -- Sott.net It is the same, as in the English book. My difficulty is understanding the direction of the electric current, the red arrow. Why does the red arrow point outward? I have gone through all the 30 pages of the thread, but could not find an answer.

Below are some of the thoughts about this problem, that might help to explain why I don't understand the above figure. The explanation is a bit long, but hopefully clear enough to make it easy for others to help.

If one compares the above illustration with the one from the chapter on Jet Streams, which I found online in the Russian version Теория Электрической Вселенной. Часть 25: Струйные потоки -- Sott.net, but the direction of the arrows are the same as in the English version page 188:
1576847811466.png
The direction of the red arrow in the above picture compares well with other illustrations from the chapter on The slowdown of the Earth page 122 and page 123 in the English version. An electronic version I found on Das Elektrische Universum - Teil 22: Die Verlangsamung der Erde -- Sott.net where one finds:
1576848152561.png
1576847922742.png
And if one uses this illustration as a guide, then I can understand the direction of the force and the current in the second picture above from the chapter about the Jet stream. It would correspond to the position of the hand below, if it was turned 180 degrees, so that the thumb points to the left side and the palm would turn away, but still with the fingers pointing upward. With this new position of the hand, the direction of the force would point away from the observer/into the screen/into the paper, while in the picture below the direction of the force points towards us. Picture is from page 37 in the English version and in the electronic version it is from:
Das Elektrische Universum - Teil 12: Homopolarmotoren -- Sott.net

1576848528178.png
If however, I used the illustration of the Lorentz force above, on the very first picture in this post, borrowed from the chapter on The Gulfstream, then the direction of the force in the illustration of the Lorentz force is opposite but the direction of both the magnetic field and the current are the same. The above illustration of the Lorentz force also matches nicely the one about the homopolar motor from the same chapter:
1576852373320.png
And the above picture also fits well with the illustration of the Birkeland Terella Experiment:
1576854252039.png

I found out that a homopolar motor is also called a Faraday motor. This I learned from some notes on the electric universe Essential Guide to the EU – Chapter 10Rotational Effects | thunderbolts.info Then I looked up Faraday motors and found an illustration attached below from https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Faradays-motor-principle_fig2_263616041 You will see the south pole of the magnet is at the top, just as it is in the illustration number three above. The direction of the current is the same, as is the direction of the magnetic field running from north to south and as a result the direction of the Lorentz force is also the same.


1576854202445.png
For a little more comment on the above illustration. If we follow the current from the battery and begin at + then we come to the connection on the board which leads to the cup with quicksilver (Hg). Quicksilver is liquid at room temperature and being a metal conducts electricity. One could note that quicksilver has a higher density than the materials, probably iron, from which the bar magnet is made. As a result just like a piece of cork on water, a part of the bar magnet would be above the surface of the liquid metal. The south pole of the magnet is connected to the wire and leads back to the minus pole. When the battery is connected, the magnet will spin counterclockwise.
 
Could anyone help me understand this figure from the chapter about The Gulf Stream? It is page 181 in the English version.

View attachment 32811

the red (I) narrow are pointed in the radial direction, to outer the sphere surface, perpendicular to the surface plane (point of reference).

the "I" indicate current flux (of electricity?) and this sense of flux (+/-) is arbitrary, according the model used.

of course, the other two (green(F), blue(B)) narrows are a 2D plane orthogonal to the red flow to out of the sphere.

obs - The img use a cartezian 3D model over a spheric object, where each point (derivated) of sphere surface can place a Cartezian Coordinates. Probably is why It plot Two points (with cartezian model), to work out whatever it is wanted.

I bet these my 10 cents, because the money on Brazil worth 5 times less.
 

Woodsman

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
I’m re-reading Earth Changes and the Human-Cosmic Connection, to refresh myself on the basics.

I recently found myself in discussion with some strident climate change activists, and realized that my brain had gone soft. I was fact-lite, as it were, helplessly saying useless things which essentially boiled down to, “I don’t buy it because.., plasma.”

How embarrassing! -A strong indication that I need a knowledge check-up. These are complicated ideas and they require an agile mind to keep the details straight and to present them well. I'd evidently mis-filed all my mental cue cards.

Anyway, after six years since publication, (!!) I’m finding a re-read is very helpful, but I was wondering if Pierre, (if he's not too busy), could help me out regarding one point...

Explaining that electromagnetic force, being 10 to the 39th power stronger than the force of gravity, and explaining how the effect doesn’t diminish with the square of distance the way gravity does.., why, that’s a fantastic step toward providing a common dawning of realization for anybody new to these ideas, which in turn opens up new possibilities in understanding.

But... In trying to figure out an effective way to explain this, or perhaps even demonstrate it, I found myself wondering why it is that we do not see this reality reflected every day metal objects. That is, if I throw my keys into the air, why do they not fly off to the North Pole?

What am I missing?
 

hlat

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
Woodsman, if you get to the part discussing why the full moon makes people crazy, can you please let me know what page it's on? I couldn't quickly find it.
 

Woodsman

The Living Force
FOTCM Member
I looked at page 79 and it wasn't about the moon or people going crazy. It was chapter 18.1, about the difference between comets and asteroids. Maybe my book has a different pagination?
Maybe.

I'll just type out the section, since it sounds different from what you were looking for anyway, but still perhaps useful...


~~~~~~~
Even a body as small as the Moon can exert very tangible effects on Earth, particularly in terms of weater. In fact, some weather-watchers take the Sun-Moon-Earth positions into account when determining their weather forecasts, which often are strikingly accurate.

New Moons are times of weather disruption. Just before the new moon appears, it is located directly between the Sun and the Earth, shielding Earth from solar activity. Then, during the few days following the appearance of the new moon, the Earth is no longer shielded from the incoming solar wind and suddenly receives a massive inflow of solar particles, leading to intensified weather events.

Full Moons are often associated with weather disruption and catastrophes becomes, as depicted in figure 30, during this phase the Moon enters the Earth's plasma tails (magnetotail) and disturbs its electromagnetic activity. In such instances the Moon acts within the Earth's plasmasphere as previously mentioned comets acts as a discharger of the Earth capacitor. In addition, during a full moon, the moon and the Earth are aligned and add up their discharge capacity, triggering increased solar activity, hence the correlation between full moon phases and increased solar activity.
~~~~~~~
 
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