The Living Force
Vulkanausbruch in Deutschland - es brodelt! Wissenschaftler sicher: "Er wird hunderprozentig ausbrechen"!Während die Welt gebannt auf die Bilder vom Vulkanausbruch des Vulkans „Cumbre Vieja“ auf der Kanareninsel La Palma schaut, füllt sich still und leise auch ein deutscher Vulkan mit Magma. Die Wissenschaftler des Erdbebendienstes Südwest sind sich darüber einige, dass es demnächst in Deutschland...www.androidkosmos.de
Volcanic Eruption In Germany - It's Boiling! Scientists Sure: "It Will Break Out One Hundred Percent"!October 15, 2021
While the world looks spellbound on the pictures of the volcanic eruption of the volcano "Cumbre Vieja" on the Canary Island of La Palma, a German volcano fills quietly with magma. The scientists of the Seismological Service Southwest are agreed that there will soon be a volcanic eruption in Germany as well.
Signs of volcanic eruption are increasing
According to the scientists, the affected region is under the Laacher See in the Eifel. For years, researchers have been observing geological processes there that indicate increased volcanic activity. Apparently the reservoirs under the lake are already filling with magma. In the opinion of the scientists, an early outbreak is only a matter of time.
Boiling water and smaller earthquakes have already been observed. Both signs are considered to be indicative of the movement of magma underground. These quakes are also known as DLF earthquakes. They take place in the upper part of the earth's mantle and have low oscillation frequencies.
Experts are certain: the volcano in the Eifel will erupt
Regarding the current situation at the Laacher See, a scientist says: “DLF earthquakes are regarded worldwide as an indication of the movement of magmatic fluids at great depths. Such earthquakes can be regularly observed under active volcanoes, for example in Iceland, Japan or Kamchatka. ”In addition, the Bonn geology professor Ulrich Schreiber is certain that the volcano in Germany is guaranteed to erupt again. Schreiber confirmed this to the daily “Express”: “At some point there will definitely be another outbreak. However, it is unlikely that it could start tomorrow ”. The last eruption on Laacher See took place a good 13,000 years ago.
(Translated with GTranslate)
Hekla volcano (Iceland): increased number of earthquakes in the area
Mon, 15 Nov 2021, 21:05Hekla volcano (Iceland): news & activity updates / VolcanoDiscoverywww.volcanodiscovery.com
21:05 PM | BY: T
Earthquakes near Hekla volcano in the past 7 days
Aftershocks of Thursday's strong magnitude 5.2 quake under neighboring Vatnafjöll volcano continue with more than 50 tremors detected over the past 48 hours.
An increased number of quakes has also been occurring under Hekla volcano immediately to the north, most of them under the southwestern and western flanks. The problem is that Hekla, one of the country's most active volcanoes, and one of its most dangerous ones, is statistically overdue for an eruption, but typically does not give much warning signs such as earthquake swarms. Very often, the eruptions start with little to no warning time.
Whether last week's quake and the now continuing aftershocks will influence Hekla remains an open question, but the volcano is being monitored very closely.
Strong magnitude 5.2 earthquake at 6 km depth11 Nov 13:27 UTC: First to report: VolcanoDiscovery after 6 minutes.
Quake info: Strong mag. 5.2 earthquake - Iceland: 1.5 Km WSW of Vatnafjöll on Thursday, Nov 11, 2021 1:21 pm (GMT +0) - 15 user experience reportsDetailed earthquake information - overview map, magnitude, time, depth, source, shake map, list of reports. File an "I felt it" report if you felt the quake! Features interactive map, read user reports and get links to further info.www.volcanodiscovery.com
11 Nov 13:29: Now using data updates from IMO
11 Nov 13:34: Magnitude recalculated from 4.8 to 5.0. Hypocenter depth recalculated from 3.9 to 3.6 km (from 2.4 to 2.2 mi).
11 Nov 13:37: Magnitude recalculated from 5.0 to 5.2. Hypocenter depth recalculated from 3.6 to 5.6 km (from 2.2 to 3.5 mi).
Update Thu, 11 Nov 2021, 13:33
Moderate magnitude 4.8 earthquake 65 km east of Selfoss, Iceland
4.8 quake 11 Nov 1:21 pm (GMT +0)
An earthquake of magnitude 4.8 occurred around noon on Thursday, November 11th, 2021, at 1:21 pm local time near Selfoss, Sveitarfélagið Árborg, South, Iceland, as reported by the Icelandic Met Office (IMO).
According to preliminary data, the quake was located at a very shallow depth of 3.9 km. Shallow earthquakes are felt more strongly than deeper ones as they are closer to the surface. The exact magnitude, epicenter, and depth of the quake might be revised within the next few hours or minutes as seismologists review data and refine their calculations, or as other agencies issue their report.
Our monitoring service identified a second report from the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ) which listed the quake at magnitude 5.0. A third agency, the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC), reported the same quake at magnitude 5.0.
Based on the preliminary seismic data, the quake should not have caused any significant damage, but was probably felt by many people as light vibration in the area of the epicenter.
Weak shaking might have been felt in Hvolsvollur (pop. 900) located 32 km from the epicenter, Hella (pop. 780) 36 km away, Vestmannaeyjar (pop. 4,200) 59 km away, Selfoss (pop. 6,500) 65 km away, Hveragerdi (pop. 2,300) 74 km away, and Thorlakshofn (pop. 1,500) 84 km away.
Other towns or cities near the epicenter where the quake might have been felt as very weak shaking include Reykjavik (pop. 118,900) located 111 km from the epicenter, Kopavogur (pop. 31,700) 111 km away, and Hafnarfjordur (pop. 26,800) 112 km away.
Vulcano: Extreme carbon dioxide concentrations
Yesterday the INGV published the weekly bulletin on the events on Vulcano. The most striking feature of this bulletin is that the emission of carbon dioxide is described as very high and anomalous.
The value is given with 13743 g/m2/day and was measured crater area. Already since the weekend evacuations in the place Porto di Levante are considered, since the carbon dioxide concentrations were also there partly worryingly high.
Carbon dioxide is heavier than oxygen and can displace it near the ground or in depressions from the air we breathe, with the result that living beings suffocate. The gas escapes from magma and is considered an early indicator of rising magma.
Sicilian chief volcanologist Mauro Coltelli (INGV) told the press that there is about a 50/50 chance of an eruption. The situation on Vulcano therefore remains tense and even if no eruption should follow, the situation for the local people will remain uncertain for a while.
Stromboli: Normal activity level
The INGV certifies a normal activity level of the liparic Stromboli. This is remarkable, because the activity in the months after the big eruptions was classified as low for a long time. Between 14-25 strombolian eruptions are registered per hour.
Stronger representatives of their kind may well occur. The carbon dioxide emission is described as high.
The ratio of different helium isotopes to each other is also striking. These are early indicators that magma is rising from greater depths. I also find the increased quake activity in the Tyrrhenian Sea east of Stromboli striking. So, everything is normal, the only question is, for how much longer?
23 Nov 2021
Tonight, the tremor on Etna briefly rose into the red. A second peak scratched the red. In the previous days, ash emissions from the northeast crater were observed from time to time. Currently, the summit is shrouded in clouds, but it is possible that the volcano is preparing for an eruption.
22 Nov 2021
Yesterday, INGV reported weak ash emissions from the northeast crater. The volcanic ash rose only a few hundred meters high and was quickly dispersed by the wind [see photo above]. In addition, a horseshoe-shaped vortex (Etna's famous smoke rings) was reported.
Steam rings usually form in the wake of deep-seated explosions.
MIROVA detected a weak thermal anomaly. The remaining parameters are inconspicuous so far, but we know how quickly the situation at Etna can change.
The heavy downpour came down on the east side of La Palma. In the western part of the island, the downpour was limited. The dreaded mudslides or lahars in the metre-thick layers of ash did not occur. The passage of the Atlantic front recorded more than 3,000 lightning strikes. Specifically, the National Meteorological Agency (Aemet) recorded 3,151 lightning strikes between 9 pm on Thursday and 7 am on Friday.
'Weak explosion' recorded & unusual seismic signals at Mount Pinatubo - last erupted in 1991, 2nd largest of the 20th century
Tue, 30 Nov 2021 05:21 UTC
FILE - The crater lake formed after Mt. Pinatubo erupted in 1991, shown in this file photo, has become a major attraction for outdoor enthusiasts, with trails opened in Tarlac and Zambales provinces.
A "weak explosion" was recorded at Mt. Pinatubo on Tuesday, said the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology.
In its latest bulletin, Phivolcs said the explosion was recorded between 12:09 p.m. and 12:13 p.m.
"The event produced a plume that was detected by the Himawari-8 Satellite and reported to Phivolcs by the Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center," said Phivolcs.
From Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center
"The seismic and infrasound signals are not typical of known volcanic processes and are currently being evaluated together with other potential sources," it added.
Phivolcs explained that there has only been very low seismic activity in the past days. The Pinatubo Crater Lake yields low diffuse volcanic carbon dioxide flux at only 257 tonnes per day.
However, Phivolcs warned the public not to enter the volcano's vicinity at this time.
Local government units were advised to prohibit entry into Pinatubo Crater "until the source of the above explosion event has been determined and to report to us any related information. "
"Communities and local government units surrounding Pinatubo are reminded to be always prepared for both earthquake and volcanic hazards and to review, prepare and strengthen their contingency, emergency, and other disaster preparedness plans," Phivolcs said.
Mt. Pinatubo last erupted on June 15, 1991, and was considered the second-largest eruption of the 20th century.
Volcano Update 30 Nov 2021 • Pinatubo
The phreatic eruption at Pinatubo has been officially confirmed.
Country: Philippines | Coordinates: 15.13, 120.35 | Eruption: steam emission
This morning it was not yet clear whether there was indeed an eruption at the Philippine volcano Pinatubo. In the meantime, an eruption cloud was visually confirmed and also detected on satellite photos. However, the eruption cloud consisted almost entirely of water vapour and gas. It contained only little volcanic ash and was apparently of phreatic origin. For this, however, the cloud rose unusually high. Perhaps observations by volcanologists on site will reveal more precisely what happened.
PHILVOLCS recently issued the following statement, which is available here in automatic translation:
"Based on visual reports of an eruption plume and seismic, infrasound and satellite detections, DOST-PHIVOLCS confirms that a phreatic eruption occurred at Pinatubo crater between 12:09 and 12:13. The event was also confirmed after the AFP disposed of ordnance on the northern flank of Pinatubo at noon today, which has nothing to do with the volcano's condition. So far, there are no reports of ash fall from communities in Zambales over which the eruption plume spread. Considering that the volcano's seismic activity has been very low in recent days and a low diffuse volcanic CO2 flux has been measured at Pinatubo crater lake, as well as the high infrasound and seismic energy released by the eruption, the event was likely triggered by surface hydrothermal processes beneath the edifice."
Pinatubo killed hundreds of people in 1991
Some readers may wonder why the steam explosion at Pinatubo is given so much space here? Pinatubo is responsible for one of the most powerful eruptions of the last century, generating a VEI 6 eruption in 1991. Naturally, people are concerned when such a volcano shows signs of awakening. At that time, a lava dome grew in the crater and its explosion produced large pyroclastic flows and ash clouds. 875 people were killed.
I was there, stationed at Clark Air Force Base when it happened. Scariest 24 hours of my life. Simultaneously with the volcano eruption, there was a massive earthquake AND a typhoon hit the island. 24 hours of darkness with a typhoon-force sandblaster stripping all of the vegetation and a lot of the wildlife. And then just for giggles, boulders the size of a small car falling out of the sky. But hey, did I mention the free boat ride courtesy of the U.S. Navy? Thanks to the sailors of the Pacific Fleet for saving our bacon.
I was also there, my Dad stationed in Clark. We were supposed to go to Subic but my Mom had a strange dream and told my Dad we'd stay near the base in a house a friend of our's owned. Turned out to be a good idea, the typhoon drowned Subic in ash and mud, my Dad spent most of his time there digging people out of collapsed buildings.
I was 8, it was dark as night for almost three days, typhoons and earthquakes. My mom is still surprised with how much I remember, but it's like, how could I possibly ever forget?
We were there until it was over, then drove ourselves to La Union several days later and waited for the official evacuation, but at that point it was mostly the Air Force getting us to my Dad's family in the states. That was the last time we got to ride in those cool airplanes with the netting down the middle to Cebu, or the backwards facing seats to Guam.
It was a crazy experience. My husband is always trying to remind me to write it all down for my kids to read someday.