Alton Towers, Sir Francis Bacon and the Rosicrucians

The Da Vinci Codes

Following-up on previous Leonardo da Vinci posts, I recently viewed an episode of Ancient Aliens, which dealt specifically with the question of whether or not Leonardo da Vinci incorporated hidden codes in his paintings. This episode was not some Dan Brown retread though.

The programme started with an auction held in New York in 2017 at which the recently discovered Leonardo masterpiece, Salvator Mundi (Saviour of the World) was sold for a record $450 million to a Saudi prince, Mohammed bin Salman. However, the programme was more interested in what the painting displayed than the world record value it fetched. It should be noted that questions about the Salvator Mundi’s authenticity still linger on and the painting seems to have gone missing again.​

See Tribeca Review: 'The Lost Leonardo' is a Beguiling Art Drama
Salvator Mundi by Leonardo Da Vinci

The painting was believed to have been commissioned around 1500 and was painted for either King Louis XII of France or his consort, Anne of Brittany.

You will see in the painting shown below that Christ is holding in his left hand a crystal orb or sphere in which there are three points of light, which evidently represent stars. The ancient alien theorists linked this with the three belt stars of the constellation of Orion (as per the three major pyramids at Giza and other megalithic monuments of the world), which in turn links with the Egyptian deity Osiris and, therefore, with our alien or off-world origins. This deduction is certainly supported by the Cassiopaeans, who have averred that our origins lie in Orion.

However, the crystal orb also reminded the theorists of a very similar Buddhist orb known as the Chintamani Stone, a wish-fulfilling jewel within both Hindu and Buddhist traditions, said by some to be the equivalent of the philosopher’s stone in Western alchemy. It is one of several Mani Jewel* images found in Buddhist scripture. In Buddhism the Chintamani is said to be one of four relics that came in a chest that fell from the sky (many terma fell from the sky in caskets) during the reign of King Lha Thothori Nyantsen of Tibet. Though the king did not understand the purpose of the objects, he kept them in a position of reverence. Several years later, two mysterious strangers appeared at the court of the king, explaining the four relics, which included the Buddha's bowl (possibly a Singing Bowl) and a mani stone with the Om Mani Padme Hum mantra inscribed on it. These few objects were the bringers of the Dharma to Tibet. See Cintamani - Wikipedia

* A Mani-Jewel is a magical jewel, which manifests whatever one wishes for. According to one's desires, treasures, clothing and food can be manifested, while sickness and suffering can be removed, water can be purified, etc. It is a metaphor for the teachings and virtues of the Buddha. It was said to be obtained from the dragon-king of the sea, or the head of the great fish, Makara, or the relics of a Buddha.

Well again we have a precious jewel (think of the pure crystal skull Baphomet), which came in a chest (an ark) or casket that fell from the sky, which can grant you any desire you wish for like the horn of plenty in Norse mythology or the Head of Bran in Celtic mythology. Moreover, like the Holy Grail and the Dagda’s cauldron in Irish mythology, which was one of the four ancient treasures (relics) of the Tuatha de Dannan, it can heal sickness. The reference to the dragon-king of the sea makes me think of the alpha draconian reptilians and especially the sea god Poseidon and the great fish Makara also makes me think of the Babylonian fish god Oannes, the Philistine legend of Dagon the fish god and Mérovée (Merovech), the famous founder of the Merovingian dynasty who according to legend was fathered by a sea monster, a beast of Neptune similar to a Quinotaur. It should also be noted that when the tomb of the Merovingian King Childeric I (the son of Mérovée and father of Clovis) was excavated in 1653, amongst other items they discovered were a crystal ball and three hundred miniature bees made of solid gold. So here we find a correspondence between Buddhist and Hindu traditions of magic objects and dragon-kings and Irish and Middle Eastern myths surrounding magic artefacts and legendary sea creatures. Is this mere coincidence or do all these magic items and myths share a common heritage?

In Laura’s book The Secret History of the World, she mentions that in the Scythian (Celtic) origin myth, a cup falls from the sky and is recovered by Kolaxais, the youngest son of the primeval being Targitaos. She points out that “the cup [grail] is the prime symbol of sovereignty; and he who possesses it is established in his royal lineage”. Hence, magic objects or relics falling from the sky would seem to be the preserve of kings and provide evidence of their sovereignty.

Whatever the true meaning of the orb may be, what can we take away from the fact that Leonardo da Vinci painted (assuming it was his work here) an image of the Christian Saviour carrying what appears to be a Buddhist Chintamani stone, with three points of light inside that evidently represent stars, in 16th century Catholic Europe? We should remember that the inquisition was still in full swing at that time and Leonardo was considered to be a suspected heretic.

The Adoration of the Magi

When Leonardo’s unfinished painting ‘The Adoration of the Magi’ was treated to scientific examination, experts found images hidden underneath of an Egyptian style temple being rebuilt. The imagery includes a tower or obelisk on top of which is another Egyptian (and Buddhist) symbol this time of a lotus flower, which the Egyptians viewed as the flower of life and which also represented sacred geometry. Such iconography would again have been viewed by the Church as evidence of heresy. However, I set out below a conventional analysis of the painting, which I obtained from

Leonardo da Vinci’s The Adoration of the Magi

Leonardo had been given the commission by the Augustinian monks of San Donato a Scopeto in Florence but departed for Milan the following year, leaving the painting unfinished.

The Virgin Mary and Child are depicted in the foreground and form a triangular shape with the Magi kneeling in adoration. Behind them is a semicircle of accompanying figures, including what may be a self-portrait of the young Leonardo (on the far right). In the background on the left is the ruin of a pagan building, on which workmen can be seen, apparently repairing it. On the right are men on horseback fighting, and a sketch of a rocky landscape.

The ruins are a possible reference to the Basilica of Maxentius, which, according to Medieval legend, the Romans claimed would stand until a virgin gave birth. It is supposed to have collapsed on the night of Christ's birth (in fact it was not even built until a later date). The ruins dominate a preparatory perspective drawing by Leonardo, which also includes the fighting horsemen. The palm tree in the centre has associations with the Virgin Mary, partly due to the phrase 'You are stately as a palm tree' from the Song of Solomon, which is believed to prefigure her. Another aspect of the palm tree can be the usage of the palm tree as a symbol of victory for ancient Rome, whereas in Christianity it is a representation of martyrdom, triumph over death, so in conclusion, we can say that the palm, in general, represents triumph.

The other tree in the painting is from the carob family, the seeds from the tree are used as a unit of measurement. They measure valuable stones and jewels. This tree and its seeds are associated with crowns suggesting Christ as the king of kings or the Virgin as the future Queen of heaven, also that this is nature's gift to the new born Christ. The background is probably supposed to represent the Pagan world supplanted by the Christian world, as inaugurated by the events shown in the foreground.

The Missing Years

Although Leonardo da Vinci’s life is well chronicled for a man of his time, the fact remains that there seems to be two whole years missing from his documented history. The years concerned were 1476-1478. He does make mention in his personal diary of visiting a cave (without saying where), which seems to have exercised a peculiar fascination for him. The ancient alien exponents speculated that he may have had an alien encounter in which he may have been given glimpses of the future, which he then used for his futuristic drawings and inventions. The other possibility they suggested was that he was able to tap into the Akashic Records like Edgar Cayce and others.
The Virgin of the Rocks

This painting depicts an imagined meeting between the infant Christ and the infant St. John the Baptist. Some people feel the painting acts almost like a portal. In the background there is a cavern, which some people suspect may be a reference to the strange cave that Leonardo mentioned in his diary. The painting also includes the figure of the Archangel Uriel or Ariel, the protector of John the Baptist. It should be noted that Uriel/Ariel is linked with the patriarch Enoch and plays a prominent part in the apocryphal Book of Enoch where the fallen angels or watchers are concerned. I would also mention that Uriel was one of the angels John Dee thought he was in contact with. Leonardo painted two versions of this subject and the one shown below is the one displayed in the National Museum in London. The second version is on display in the Louvre in Paris.

The Virgin of the Rocks (National Museum version)
The Last Supper

I appreciate that Laura devoted a whole section of her book 'Secret History of the World' to Leonardo Da Vinci and his famous works. In particular she made the case that Da Vinci'spainting of the Last Supper might be hiding a secret through the hand positions of those seated at or around the table. She argued that the hands might in fact be establishing or outlining the constellation of Cassiopaea, which, if true, would raise interesting issues around Da Vinci and those he had connections with, including Queen Marguerite of Navarre, her husband Francis I of France, her lady in waiting Anne Boleyn (future wife of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I) and Michel Nostradamus the famous clairvoyant. Could they all have been involved in channelling the C's?​


The painting is taken to represent the moment when Jesus reveals to the Apostles that one of those seated around the table (Judas Iscariot) is going to betray him. However, the ancient alien theorists make the important observation that unusually for a painting portraying Christ’s Last Supper, there is no chalice (grail) shown in front of Christ. This seems to be a glaring error or oversight for a Christian work of art on this subject. It could not have been accidental either. Why did Leonardo make this crucial omission?

The programme also revealed a new theory proposed by an Italian musician, Mr Giovanni Maria Pala, that Leonardo had incorporated musical notes in his painting, which can be found depicted by means of the careful placing of pieces of bread on the table. There is no question that Leonardo was a fine musician since he was a renowned lyre player and he could also play church organs. Apparently, Mr Pala found that by drawing the five lines of a musical staff across the painting, the loaves of bread on the table and the hands of Jesus and the Apostles could each represent a musical note. Mr. Pala played the 40 second musical composition by playing the hidden notes from right to left in keeping with Leonardo’s style of writing. It certainly came across as a very atmospheric piece of music to me. Mr Pala describes it as being "like a soundtrack that emphasises the passion of Jesus".

Mr Vezzosi, director of the Museo Ideale in the painter's home town Vinci, said that "There's always a risk of seeing something that is not there, but it's certain that the spaces (in the painting) are divided harmonically. Where you have harmonic proportions, you can find music."

See BBC NEWS | Europe | Music 'hidden' in Last Supper art
...the recently discovered Leonardo masterpiece, Salvator Mundi (Saviour of the World) was sold for a record $450 million to a Saudi prince ... and the painting seems to have gone missing again.​
...and Mathis again has much to say about this:

Yes, the Leonardo Painting is a Fake - but there is so much more to the story


  • Mathis, Da Vinci Painting Fake.pdf
    799.8 KB · Views: 5
...and Mathis again has much to say about this:

Yes, the Leonardo Painting is a Fake - but there is so much more to the story
Thank you very much for bringing this to our attention. It is a very enlightening article as far as large scale art forgery and international money laundering is concerned. I note that Mathis cited a follow-up article in 2019. Do you have that available by any chance?

One point I would raise here, as it puzzles me, is that if a person like Joe Lewis was supposedly born in England or Wales, then his birth would have had to have been registered as a matter of law. The Register of Births in England and Wales is a public register, which anyone can search. Hence, where Mathis says he cannot turn up anything on these people's mothers or fathers where the person concerned was born in England or Wales, this information should be readily capable of discovery by a simple search of the Register.

BTW: Lewis is a very common surname in both England and Wales, so the vast majority of Lewis's will not be related to any peers of the realm. However, the name Lewis has a certain connotation where Freemasonry is concerned and is most probably connected to the Jewish name 'Levi', with all that that name conveys when the Levites are involved. Indeed, I may well write about it in my next post as the name Lewis does provide a very important link between Freemasonry and the physical principles of levitation, especially since the Levites' (King David's tribe) primary role was to carry the Ark of the Covenant.​
You can just click the links in the pdf when he points to one of his other papers. Here is the link to his page where all is papers are listed:

and here the follow-up article:
Thanks again. One point he makes in the follow-up article had me wondering and that is where he states:

"Yes, Mossad is also good at these things, but it is always a junior partner in these US/UK/Israel worldwide projects. In
many of them—see 911—it is glad to act the fall guy.

If you look at the history of the secret intelligence services of these countries, then you quickly realise that MI6 (whose roots lie with Sir Francis Walsingham and Sir Francis Bacon) is ths daddy of them all. Given that Bacon was no doubt a Rosicrucian Grand Master, then you have to ask if these intelligence operations are just instruments of the Rosicrucians/Illuminati network. It is a fact that MI6 played a part in helping to train the agents of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the wartime intelligence agency of the United States, during World War II, which was superseded by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) after the war. It is highly likely that the Rothschilds played a part in establishing Mossad, bearing in mind that Lord Victor Rothschild was a senior agent of British Military Intelliegence during WW2 and the Rothschild family played a prominent part in supporting the Zionist movement and in the creation of the modern state of Israel. However, the C's have said that Mossad are in fact very near the top of the apex of 3rd density STS evil, which suggests that they may not be so much the junior partner of the CIA and MI6 as Mathis seems to believe.​
"Very near the top of the apex" still leaves room to squeeze something over it, which is still not the actual apex.
So there is 'technically' still place for CIA and MI6 above Mossad in the statement of the C's, if I interpret this right.
Also, maybe at the top of the three services it may be hard to actual differentiate between them? Hard to say.
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"Very near the top of the apex" still leaves room to squeeze something over it, which is still not the actual apex.
So there is 'technically' still place for CIA and MI6 above Mossad in the statement of the C's, if I interpret this right.
Also, maybe at the top of the three services it may be hard to actual differentiate between them? Hard to say.
Agreed. They may just be pieces of the same puzzle all locked together at some level. As I have stated previously, the fact that the traitorous spies Philby, Burgess and Maclean were all members of the Singapore Masonic Lodge, suggests that Freemasons play an important part in the senior ranks of MI6, which may be a connection dating all the way back to Sir Francis Bacon.

Perhaps linked with this is the knowledge that some senior members of the OSS and later the CIA, people like Wild Bill Donovan, were reputedly members of the Knights of Malta (the modern day heirs of the Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem - otherwise known to history as the catholic military order 'the Knights Hospitaller'). William J. Donovan - Wikipedia

Here are a couple of telling quotes from Wikipedia's biography of Donovan:

"Nevertheless, Donovan began to lay the groundwork for a centralized intelligence program. It was he who organized the COI's New York headquarters in Room 3603 of Rockefeller Center in October 1941 and asked Allen Dulles to head it; the offices Dulles took were on the floor immediately above the location of the operations of Britain's MI6.

During the war he also received intelligence from a network of Catholic priests across Europe who engaged in espionage without the Pope's knowledge."
Thanks again. One point he makes in the follow-up article had me wondering and that is where he states:

"Yes, Mossad is also good at these things, but it is always a junior partner in these US/UK/Israel worldwide projects. In
many of them—see 911—it is glad to act the fall guy.

If you look at the history of the secret intelligence services of these countries, then you quickly realise that MI6 (whose roots lie with Sir Francis Walsingham and Sir Francis Bacon) is ths daddy of them all. Given that Bacon was no doubt a Rosicrucian Grand Master, then you have to ask if these intelligence operations are just instruments of the Rosicrucians/Illuminati network. It is a fact that MI6 played a part in helping to train the agents of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the wartime intelligence agency of the United States, during World War II, which was superseded by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) after the war. It is highly likely that the Rothschilds played a part in establishing Mossad, bearing in mind that Lord Victor Rothschild was a senior agent of British Military Intelliegence during WW2 and the Rothschild family played a prominent part in supporting the Zionist movement and in the creation of the modern state of Israel. However, the C's have said that Mossad are in fact very near the top of the apex of 3rd density STS evil, which suggests that they may not be so much the junior partner of the CIA and MI6 as Mathis seems to believe.​
Yup, the C's said something similiar.

Session August 17, 2003

Q: (L) Wow, that rhymes! (S) So is Mossad part of that?

A: Mossad is near the apex of the 3D consortium. The lines blur at that level.

Q: (Perceval) What's the relationship between the Mossad and the Rothschilds?

A: Mossad is a "brainchild."
I believe RC of A r c adia, as ChiRho, may be referring to Chiram, the Greek Septuagint version of Hiram. There are some interesting meaning behind ram in Hebrew.

Hiram is compared to Hermes by Albert Pike in his Morals and Dogma.

The bible describes Solomon asking Hiram to bring cedars from Lebanon to Solomon to build his famous temple in return for "food". Lebanon is the greek spelling of frankincense which is used to anoint and make holy. It might refer to the etheric realm. This may symbolise Hiram's role as a messenger and ARChitect with a connection to the etheric realm. Hermes is also known as a messenger and his name is linked to the crossing of border, a crossroad, which fits with what the Cs say about Arcadia as a crossroad.

It seems to me that Hiram's real identity is one of the kings in the bible. Many clues from the bible, the Cs transcript, the legend of the wounded Fisher king, Bran's head and other myths seem to point to it. You can work it out.

Another interesting point to add about the ark:
As it happens, the term Thesmophoria is derived from thesmoi, meaning, laws, and phoria, carrying, in reference to the goddess as law-bearer. But the symbolism of the Ark of the Covenant with Yahweh as the law bearer in the tent of meeting, or the Mother-Delta, the doorway to the higher realms, replaced the original meaning and the role of women in the process.

Entire books are written that are full of speculations about the Eleusinian rites. I may write one some day myself, but, let me cut to the chase here: The closest we can come to understanding the goal of these rites is to suggest that they had to do with ascent or descent to other realms in order to perform the archetypal act of creation of the New Year.

The New Year festivals of the ancients included rites that symbolized the cyclical nature of time, the exhaustion of cosmic resources resulting in chaos, followed by the hieros gamos, or sacred marriage. This was, effectively, the planting of the seed into the new universe, or the passage through the waters of the flood, in an ark, into the new world. It may also represent, in its most original form, a utilization of the knowledge of Time Loops – a Time Machine. (Jupiter, Nostradamus, Edgar Cayce, and the Return of the Mongols Part 12)

The link between Time Loop ark and Baphomet (Baphe metis) is this: Metis. If you look it up, you will find a Metis flag representing the Metis people in Canada, who are created from the joining of two cultures, the indigenous people and the Europeans. Could this be a hint to the nature of the matrix we inhabit?

This infinity sign looks like a Mobius strip, a fish as well as a snake eating its tail. Fish and snake are found in many of the myths.

For the baphe part of Baphomet, I think it is linked to John the Baptist. There are many variations of the name John such as Joshua, Jonah, Jesus. John is in fact spelt Ioannes in Greek which is similar to Oannes. Some argue this means son of the Fish, especially when you see that the bible says Joshua is the son of Nun (fish) in Numbers 13:16.

Baphomet the "holder of the trent" is similar to Moses entering a pact with Yahweh in the tent. Trent = r + tent = Rho + Chi. Chi is a cross, similar to the world axis, the world tree, the tent of the goddess. Rho is linked to Phoenician for head, res. Baphomet is either the third force holding the Rho and Chi together or he is the Rho, the head which may be holder.

Holder is the guardian, the keeper.
The name Holder has a long Anglo-Saxon heritage. The name comes from when a family lived as tenants or occupiers of land. The surname Holder originally derived from the Old English word Haldan. [1] Conversely, another source claims that the name was derived from the Old English word "h (e)aldan," meaning "to guard or keep."


Thereafter, everybody concerned moved into the night sky: Orion, with his two faithful canine companions, Canis Major and Canis Minor; Aesculapius, with Serpens, the serpent; Scorpius, the scorpion; and Lepus, the hare, whom Orion was hunting when he had his encounter with the scorpion.

As a precaution, Orion and the scorpion took places on opposite sides of the sky, so they could never have a second encounter. Orion is a prominent winter constellation, while Scorpius is on display during the summer.
Here are my guesses of who Ophiuchus and Baphomet are in the myth of Ophiuchus.

Ophiuchus is Asclepius with the snake, perhaps forming it into the infinity loop. He is not baphomet or virgo. He is the One.

The triple goddess virgin, mother, crone are the virgo, lepus (hare constellation beneath Orion as his riding animal I suppose. also derived from french levre which means lips and vulva) and serpens (crushed by the tomb-like Ophiuchus) constellations, not Ophiuchus.
Scorpion comes from from PIE root *(s)ker- (1) "to cut". This reminds me of the ritual castration.

Orion is Baphomet. Cs mentioned the similarity of the word Orion and our "origin".

If you take all these clues, you will figure out the meaning of some of Cs strange remarks like "lost lambs beying in the knight".
Yup, the C's said something similiar.

Session August 17, 2003

Q: (L) Wow, that rhymes! (S) So is Mossad part of that?

A: Mossad is near the apex of the 3D consortium. The lines blur at that level.

Q: (Perceval) What's the relationship between the Mossad and the Rothschilds?

A: Mossad is a "brainchild."
Thank you for spotting this. Almost certainly, Lord Victor Rothschild would have played the major role in the establishment of Mossad at a time when Britain still held the Mandate for Palestine. However, my understanding is that the Rothschilds were running their own European-wide intelligence service from the get go and they particularly used this to their financial advantage during the Napoleonic Wars. If anyone has read a history of Mossad, please feel free to comment.
The Levites

I will commence this article by presenting the standard biblical view of the group known as the ‘Levites’ in the Bible.

The Traditional View of the Levites

The Levites traditionally are descended from ‘Levi’, a son of Jacob (Israel) by his wife Leah, and in whose name the Tribe of Levi was established as one of the twelve tribes of Israel. However, in the biblical story, as presented in the Pentateuch, Levi and his family, the Levites, are not numbered with the other tribes of Israel (Numbers 1:17–46). According to Genesis 34, the Levites were involved with Simeon in the killing of the recently circumcised males in Shechem. As a result they were supposedly disbanded as a tribe in “Jacob's Blessing” (Genesis 49:5–7) and thus received no land. Although the Tribe of Levi had no land appropriation they did have six Cities of Refuge under their administration, as well as the Temple in Jerusalem. The Levites were divided into three groups: Gershonites (descended from Gershon), Kohathites (from Kohath), and Merarites (from Merari). Each division filled different roles in the Tabernacle and later in the Temple services.

Since the Levites had no land, they were allotted a tithe to sustain themselves while they worked as priests (Numbers 18:21, 24). It should be noted, however, that in Joshua 13:14, 33, 18:7 a cultic justification was provided for the exclusion of the Levites from land allotment: Levites have the Lord as their inheritance and so they receive no land inheritance. However, to offset their lack of land, a Levite Tithe (the Maaser Rishon) of the produce of the land was meant to be given every year in the seven year Shemittah cycle by those capable from all the other tribes. These tithes were then used for the maintenance of the Levites.

The Levites' principal roles in the Temple included singing Psalms during Temple services, performing construction* and maintenance for the Temple, serving as guards, and performing other services. They were thus responsible for the care of the Tabernacle or sanctuary on behalf of the Israelites. Anyone else who approached the sanctuary was to be put to death. Levites also served as teachers and judges, maintaining cities of refuge in biblical times. They also translated and explained the Torah when it was publicly read. Prior to the founding of the first Temple, in the Book of Numbers, the Levites were charged with ministering to the ‘Kohanim’** and keeping watch over the Tabernacle: ... “And behold, I have taken your brothers the Levites from among the people of Israel. They are a gift to you, given to the Lord, to do the service of the tent of meeting.”​

*According to the Book of Ezra the Levites were responsible for the construction of the Second Temple.

** The descendants of Aaron, who was the first kohen gadol (high priest) of Israel, were designated as the priestly class, the Kohanim.

As to what the Levites wore, the book of 1 Chronicles states that David was "clothed with a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who bore the ark... [and] David also wore an ephod of linen," [1 Chronicles, 15:27].

Today the Levites are integrated in Jewish (Ashkenazi, Sephardic and Mizrahi) and Samaritan communities, but still keep a distinct status. There are an estimated 300,000 Levites among the Ashkenazi Jewish communities. The percentage of Levites among the Jewish population as a whole is estimated to be about 4%.

Alternative Theories on the Levites

An alternative view is that the Levites were members of a group of clans of religious functionaries in ancient Israel who were given a special religious status, conjecturally for slaughtering the idolaters of the Golden Calf during the time of Moses (Ex. 32:25–29). By defending the faith in the God revealed to Moses (Yahweh or Jehovah) against the Golden Calf worshippers, the Levites became the priestly caste.

Critical scholars who follow the documentary hypothesis propose that those parts of the Torah attributed to the Elohist (‘E’ source) seem to treat Levite as a descriptive attribute for someone particularly suited to the priesthood, rather than as a firm designation of a tribe, and believe that Moses and Aaron are being portrayed as part of the Joseph group rather than being part of a tribe called Levi. Jahwist (‘J’ source) passages have more ambiguous language; traditionally interpreted as referring to a person named Levi, they could also be interpreted as just referring to a social position titled levi.

In the Blessing of Jacob* (Genesis 49:1-27), Levi is treated as a tribe, cursing them to become scattered; critics regard this as an aetiological postdiction to explain how a tribe could be so scattered, the simpler solution being that the priesthood was originally open to any tribe, but gradually became seen as a distinct tribe to themselves. The Priestly source (‘P’ source) and the Blessing of Moses (Deuteronomy 33:2-27), which critical scholars view as originating centuries later, portray the Levites firmly established as a tribe, and as the only tribe with the right to become priests.

*The Blessing of Jacob is a prophetic poem and mentions each of Jacob’s twelve sons. Genesis presents the poem as the words of Jacob to his sons when Jacob is about to die. Like the Blessing of Moses, Genesis 49 assesses the Tribes of Israel, but there is little in common between the poems, except for describing one of the tribes as a judge, and another as a lion’s cub. In the Blessing of Jacob it is Dan that is the judge and Judah the cub, whereas in that of Moses it is Gad that is the judge and Dan the cub. Unlike Moses, Jacob is not afraid to castigate some of the tribes, in particular, Reuben, Simeon, and Levi. Their particular fates were attributed to their wickedness​

What the C’s have had to say about the Levites

When Laura asked the C’s “what is the origin of the Levites?” in the session dated 8 January 2000 here is what they said:

Q: All right, first question is, what is the origin of the Levites?

A: Hittites. Moon Worshippers.

Q: Well, before the Hittites became Hittites, what were they?

A: Indo-europeans.

Q: What was the source of the Indo-europeans?

A: Aryan sub-race.

Q: Is there any other group the Aryans mixed with to produce the Indo-Europeans?”

A: Fourth Density genetic tweak.

Q: Was Abraham a Levite?

A: Yes.

Q: Was Sarah Nefertiti?

A: Yes.

Q What was the reason for the strange skull shape of Nefertiti and her family?

A: Genetic tweak.

Q: Was this 4th density genetic tweak done by STS or STO?


Q: If the Levites were the Hittite Moon worshipers, how come Akhenaten, who hung out with Nefertiti, instituted Sun worship? That doesn't make sense.

A: Future Ho into.

Q: Future what into?

A: Ho.

Q: HO must stand for something. I don't understand. Was Nefertiti responsible for Akhenaten's Sun worship?

A: Mostly.

Q: Well why did it turn into Sun worship instead of Moon worship?

A: Future honor of Ra. Go 353535. Deity.

Q: So in other words they were laying
a foundation for future layering of other concepts?

A: Yes..”

Q: Was the Temple on Crete at Knossos, was it really a necropolis as Wunderlich suggests?

A: 5th density waiting room.

Q: Did they sacrifice humans there?

A: Yes.

Q: Did they sacrifice animals?

A: Yes.

Q: What animals were they sacrificing, and to whom?

A: Apis Bull in part.

Q: What was the other part?

A: Haho 353535

Q: "Ho" must be a name. Is Ho a name of a god?

A: HOH 353535

Q: (T) Is it water? (L) Is it like Hawah? (A) HOH water?

A: Remember Irish pig.

So the C’s are telling us that the Levites originated in modern day Turkey as Hittite moon worshipers and both Abraham/Moses/Jacob and Sarah/Nefertiti/Helen were Levites. The fact that they were also moon worshippers is highly significant, since I am aiming to do a subsequent post in which I will show that a lot of the tension that existed between the different groupings of the Israelites was due to the fact that a faction of Israelites continued to be moon worshippers – the ancient Mesopotamian moon deity being known as Sin - which may amongst other things explain the derivation of the name Sinai in the Bible, meaning ‘of Sin’. They also tell us that they were an Aryan sub-race of Indo-Europeans, meaning most probably that they were Scythian Celts (who were also called ‘Danaans’ – sons of Danu by the C’s) who had migrated back though central Asia, having been repulsed by the Chinese in Eastern Asia. Remember the Caucasian mummies discovered in the Tarim Basin in present-day Xinjiang, China, which date back to the Bronze Age (see earlier post). I saw a documentary programme on them recently in which scientists discussed the results of DNA tests on the mummies. The results concluded that few of them were pure Caucasian and most were mixed race, with DNA from various tribes indigenous to central Asia. However, the most telling point is that the C’s are saying that they were subject to an STS Fourth Density genetic tweak. as was Nefertiti and her family.

As it so happens, some Egyptologists also claim that Nefertiti may have come from the Hittites. The Hittites were an ancient Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing first a kingdom in Kussara before 1750 BC, then the Kanesh or Nesha kingdom, and next an empire centred on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) between 1600-1180 BC that fought continuously with the kings of Babylon and Assyria, the Hurrians, and the pharaohs of Egypt. As a people, they were skilled in extracting iron from ore and were brilliant ironsmiths. By these means, they were able to arm more people with iron, for less expense at a time when their rivals were relying on bronze weapons. Their use of iron weapons, which remained unique to the Hittites, helped create successful military campaigns. Thus, by 1340 BC they had become one of the dominant powers of the Middle East. However, they then seem to have completely disappeared sometime around 1200 B.C. and no one currently knows why. According to the Book of Genesis, the Hittites (also spelled Hethites) were the descendants of Heth, son of Canaan, who was the son of Ham, born of Noah (Genesis 10: 1-6).

Although Nefertiti may have grown up at Pharaoh’s court as part of his household, she was deemed to have been a foreigner and not a native of Egypt. She also had genetic traits that were different to those of the native Egyptians, her large cranium with a greater brain capacity being clearly evident of this fact. Here is what the C’s said about this matter in the Session dated 18 March 2000:​

Q: I do want to ask about this head of Tutankhamen: why was his head so extremely elongated, as well as the heads of the other members of that family?

A: Trace gene.

Q: Where did the trace gene come from?

A: Last "call."

Q: The last visit of the Nephilim?

A: Close enough.

Q: Did the gene come through Ankhenaten or Nefertiti?

A: One sound like nephilim, or your "Nefilim."

Q: So, Nefertiti. Where did Nefertiti come from? She is a BIG mystery. I had been formulating the idea that she was Sarai, the wife of Abraham, and the whole story about the pharaoh of Egypt stealing Abraham's wife and this caused an "affliction" was really the story of the marriage of Nefertiti to Ankhenaten and explained his peculiar physical characteristics. Supposedly Abraham's wife was very beautiful, and the name "Nefertiti" is supposed to mean "A Beautiful Woman Has Come," and that sort of fits. Nobody seems to know where she came from... or who she was. Then, she disappeared from history; nobody has ever found her body or the body of Ankhenaten. It's just such a big mystery. Where did she come from?

A: We will let you search some more.

Now I am aiming to do a separate post on Nefertiti and Tutankhamen since there is some debate as to whether she was Tutankhamen’s natural mother or step-mother. The C’s seem to be implying that she was his actual mother, presumably sired by Akhenaten her husband. However, there are some Egyptologists who propose that Tutankhamen was in fact Akhenaten’s half-brother. Hence, I will leave these issues to another post.​

Well Abraham and Sarah were not the only Levites to figure prominently in the biblical story as this next post shows.

Session dated 23 August, 2001:

L) Okay, now about the Pig God: what is it about pigs that makes them ideal as a symbol for the manifestation of God energy, or even as a vehicle?
A: Genetically manipulated RU 353535.
Q: (L) What does that code relate to?
A: Race underpinning tribal code structure.
Q: (L) Are you suggesting that some codon of human DNA that relates to a "tribal code structure" was spliced into an animal?
A: Close.
Q: (L) Why an animal and not a human being? Is it because the STS energy is so contractile that a pig is an appropriate receptacle?
A: Yes.


Q: (L) Now, I have a little problem with my writing. First of all, did the eruption of Thera occur in 1627 BC or thereabouts?
A: Close.
Q: (L) What stimulated the eruption of Thera?
A: Venus.
{Here I think that "Venus" is a code for the giant comet described by Victor Clube}
Q: (L) Well, about 40 years after that there was the comet cluster, in 1588 BC, correct?
A: Yes.
Q: (L) Well, it seems that Nefertiti disappeared from history in the 12th year of the reign of Akhenaten. He then died in the 17th year of his reign. If Nefertiti was Sarah, where was she during this five year period, if Akhenaten died going after her when Abraham/Moses carried her off?
A: Locked up.
Q: (L) So, Nefertiti is Sarah and Abraham came and rescued her somehow, is that correct?
A: Yes.
Q: (L) And that happened at the time of the passage of the comet cluster, between 1627 BC and 1588 BC - dramatic events which is what enabled that particular drama to take place...
A: Yes.
Q: (L) So Abraham retrieved Sarah and Akhenaten went after them and drowned in the river or something?
A: Close.
Q: (L) So, from 1627 BC to 1588 BC - that's 39 years - almost exactly 40 years of "wandering in the desert," so to say. So they must have escaped when Thera blew and forty years later, the comets came. What was Abraham and his crew doing during that time?
A: Bedouins.
Q: (L) How many were in this tribe?
A: 623.
Q: (L) So it wasn't multiple thousands of people as the Bible would have us believe.


Q: (L) When did this tribe finally arrive in Israel and settle down. Was this after 40 years living as Bedouins?
A: Pretty much.
Q: (L) Well, I still have to deal with this King David issue. He was like a Robin Hood. Now, in another direction, what's this deal about Abraham talking to God. Is this where the whole monotheism came in?
A: Close.
Q: (L) So, it started out with Abraham and his tribe. Did he have reinforcements of his Levite brothers who came and joined his tribe from Hittite land?
A: Close.
Q: (L) Are there any details of this story that I haven't covered that I ought to?
A: David was a Levite.
Q: (L) Was he of the line of Abraham?
A: No.
Q: (L) Did he come from "Hittite land?"
A: Close.
Q: (L) How many generations before he was born did his family come to the area of Palestine?
A: 5.
Q: (L) Were they relatives of Abraham?
A: Somewhat.
Q: (L) Distantly related. So, what did David do? Came along and gathered the people together?
A: Yes.

So the C’s are telling us that King David was a Levite as well. Moreover, in contrast to what the Bible tells us, David was not of the line of Abraham, although he was apparently distantly related to Abraham. They also tell us that David did not come from Hittite territory (modern day Turkey) as had Abraham and his family of Levites had not been dwelling in Turkey for at least five generations before he was born in Palestine. Although we are not told directly in the Bible that Bathsheba (David’s wife) is a Hittite, her Hittite heritage can be traced through her grandfather Ahithophel, one of King David's most trusted advisers.

The Levites as Monks

Finally, the C’s had this to say about the role the Levites performed in the Session dated 13 November 1999:

Q: Who were the Levites?

A: Sect of monk-like pacifists. Connected to Moses.

Q: Well, that doesn't make a lot of sense. They sure did a lot of warmongering and they were behind all the rules and regulations that the Jews followed and that was behind the orders to massacre entire races of. That doesn't seem to make sense at all!

A: Oh yes it does. Pacifists can be managers, not slaves.

We have, of course, encountered this passage in a previous post. It is interesting that the C’s should describe the Levites as a sect of ‘monk-like pacifists’ given that they frequently come across as fanatical zealots at times in the Bible rather than as pacifists. Earlier we saw that the Levites were supposed to have served as guards of the Tabernacle and sanctuary of the Temple and anyone else who approached the sanctuary was to be put to death. That doesn’t sound very much like pacifist behaviour to me. Their role as monks reminds me of another monastic community we have encountered before in the Augustinian Canons of the Abbey of Notre Dame de Sion in Jerusalem. This community assumed the name of ‘Sainte-Marie du Mont Syon et du Saint-Esprit’ (Holy Mary of Mount Sion and of the Holy Ghost) but also went by the name of the Chevaliers de l’Order de Notre Dame de Sion (Knights of the Order of Our Lady of Sion or ‘Order of Sion’ for short). Then, of course, there was the Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon founded supposedly in 1128 and otherwise known as the Knights Templar. You may recall that Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln, the authors of ‘The Holy Blood and The Holy Grail’ had speculated that the Knights Templar could have been active, albeit in an ex officio capacity, long before 1118 – as, say, a military entourage (a guard) or administrative arm (managers) of the Order of Sion, housed in its fortified Abbey (for more on this see my earlier article ‘The Augustinian Canons of Notre Dame de Sion’). Could the Order of Sion and the military order of the Knights Templar have been latter day Levites whose founding members could even have been descended from ancient Levitical families? Did they deliberately combine the function of temple guards and priests in imitation of the biblical Levites?

Continued in Part 2​
The Levites Part 2

The Law of One and the Ark of the Covenant

However, the C’s are not the only ones to have commented on the Levites and their relationship to Abraham/Moses. Thanks to a post by another Forum member, I set out below what ‘The Law of One’ or Ra material had to say about the Levites.

Session dated 13 February 2006:

I was looking through the Ra sessions for a CassChat post, and came across this from session 60. I've put the interesting stuff in caps:

Q:What was the ark of the covenant, and what was its use?

A: I am Ra. The ark of the covenant was that place wherein those things most holy, according to the understanding of the one called Moishe, were placed. The article placed therein has been called by your peoples two tablets called the Ten Commandments. There were not two tablets. There was one writing in scroll. This was placed along with the most carefully written accounts by various entities of their beliefs concerning the creation by the One Creator. This ark was designed to constitute the place wherefrom the priests, as you call those distorted towards the desire to serve their brothers, could draw their power and feel the presence of the One Creator. However, it is to be noted that this entire arrangement was designed, not by the one known to the Confederation as Yahweh, but rather WAS DESIGNED BY NEGATIVE ENTITIES PREFERRING THIS METHOD OF CREATING AN ELITE CALLED THE SONS OF LEVI.

Q: Was this a device for communication then? You also said that they drew power from it. What sort of power? How did this work?

A: I am Ra. This was charged by means of the materials with which it was built being given an ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD. It became an object of power in this way and, to those whose faith became that untarnished by unrighteousness or separation, this power designed for negativity BECAME POSITIVE AND IS SO, to those truly in harmony with the experience of service, TO THIS DAY. Thus the negative forces were partially successful but the positively oriented Moishe, as this entity was called, gave to your planetary peoples the possibility of a path to the One Infinite Creator which is completely positive. This is in common with each of your orthodox religious systems which have all become somewhat mixed in orientation, yet offer a pure path to the One Creator which is seen by the pure seeker.

Q: Where is the ark of the covenant now? Where is it located?

A: I am Ra. We refrain from answering this query due to the fact that IT STILL DOES EXIST and is not that which we would infringe upon your peoples by locating.

Compare this [response] to the C's:

"Q: (L) What was the "Ark of the Covenant?"
A: Power cell.
Q: (L) What was the origin of this power cell?
A: Lizards given to the Jews to use for manipulation of others.
Q: (L) Why was it that if you came close to this object or touched it you would die?
A: Energy overload; scrambling by reverse electromagnetism.
Q: (L) What is reverse electromagnetism?
A: Turned inward.
Q: (L) What effect does it produce?
A: Liquification of matter.
Q: (L) Well, that is pleasant. This "cell" was kept in an ornate box of some sort, is that correct?
A: Yes.
Q: (L) Why was it only the priests who could handle it?
A: Only those who would not try to use for selfish reasons.
Q: (L) But then did just coming near it injure a person?
A: Yes.
Q: (L) Well why were these individuals able to come near it?
A: Nonselfish energy field.
Q: (L) So it could tune into thought fields?
A: Yes."

Hence, we see certain correspondences between what the C’s have said about the Ark and Moses and what the being known as Ra had to say on the same subject. However, the Ra material states that the Ark of the Covenant “was designed by negative entities preferring this method of creating an elite called the sons of Levi”. This certainly does not paint the Levites in a good light. The use of the word “elite” suggests some sort of a special unit like a praetorian guard who may have acted as enforcers just as the Nephilim had. That being said, the C’s have told us that the Levites were Hittites, as was Abraham/Moses, which means they already existed as a separate group outside of the biblical construct of the Twelve Tribes of Israel founded on the sons of Jacob, who the C’s have told us was in reality Abraham by another name.

The Ra material also states that the Ark of the Covenant “was charged by means of the materials with which it was built, being given an electromagnetic field. It became an object of power in this way …” This might fit the C’s description that it was a power cell. I will return to this subject of the materials of the Ark later in this article. For now though I would refer to a subsequent statement the C’s made about the Ark, which goes much further than viewing it simply as a power source and a communications device.​

Session dated 11 April 1998:

Q: Ummm, in reading this funny book I just finished {I believe it was “Fingerprints of the Gods” by Graham Hancock}, I discovered that there is the tradition of the Ark of the Covenant being in Ethiopia. This guy did a bunch of research on it, and it seems possible that it is there, and that it may even be active. Is it, in fact, in the church of St. Mary of Zion in Ethiopia?

A: No.

Q: Where is it?

A: If we were to reveal this to you, it would be akin to giving a hand grenade to a baby!!

Q: Well, I just thought I would ask! What I found out was that this wonderful Hakluyt Society that chronicled the funny business in the Canary Islands {which I had read previously, and which claimed that the Ark of the Covenant was there} also kept track of the goings on in Ethiopia. One of the things they told about was the carrying of the Ark in procession by red or blond headed guys. And there was the Croix Patte of the Templars on a number of objects in Ethiopia. The Rose Croix. Did we have Templars there, or what was going on? Was the Ark there and was it then taken somewhere else?

A: The Ark of the Covenant is not what you think it is.

Q: You guys said that it was a power cell. I don't have some sort of romantic idea of it. I can accept that. But there are all these stories about it and a lot of people have mythologized it. What do you mean by saying such a thing. What is the Ark?

A: See Oak Island.

Q: It seems that the Templars were in charge of building the Cathedral at Chartres, and there is a tableaux on one of the porches of Melchizedek and the Queen of Sheba. Equidistant between them is the Ark of the Covenant in a cart. Melchizedek is holding a cup that is supposed to be the Holy Grail. Inside this cup is a cylindrical object of stone. What is this?

A: Greater sight.

Q: What?! (A) Is it a symbol or a device?

A: Why cannot it be both?

Q: (A) It can be both, but is it both?

A: Yes.

Q: (A) So, it is a device for greater sight like a crystal ball, yes?

A: Only when utilized exactly precisely.

Note that one of Laura’s questions above mentions the tableaux on one of the porches at Chartres Cathedral and refers to both Ark of the Covenant and a cup holding a cylindrical object of stone that is supposed to be the Holy Grail. The C’s have since confirmed that the Ark of the Covenant and the Holy Grail are two different things, so we can surmise that when they talk about a device and symbol providing greater sight like a crystal ball but only when utilised exactly precisely, they are speaking of the Holy Grail. However, when Laura asks them “What is the Ark?” they respond by saying “See Oak Island”. This seems to link the Ark to the ‘Trans-Dimensional Atomic Re-Moleculariser Machine’ or TDARM for short that is buried on Oak Island. (although the Grail may have similar capabilities given what the C’s have said about the Grail being the Merkhaba Stone – the Gift of God – and its transportation of Kentakkians to Earth). However, the C’s have also said that if you want to create a time machine or teleportation device like a TDARM, then you need to create a very powerful electromagnetic field, requiring huge amounts of electrical energy. We know that the US navy accidentally stumbled upon time travel when experimenting on the USS Eldridge after using extremely powerful electrical generators in conjunction with Tesla coils. It would seem, therefore, that the power cell created by the Ark of the Covenant could generate similar levels of electrical power to that of the TDARM on Oak Island.​

The Levites in Egypt

We know from the transcripts that Abraham/Moses fled Egypt with the Ark of the Covenant and Holy Grail in the company of 623 people and they subsequently became Bedouins. We may surmise that some of these people were evidently Abraham/Moses’ fellow Levites. This begs the question whether they performed some sort of guarding and priestly role before they left Egypt with Abraham/Moses. Indeed, if Abraham was a royal prince, such as the Trojan Prince Paris, could he have travelled with a retinue (including priests, guards and servants) to Pharaoh’s court in Egypt? If so, did they continue to perform a similar role for Abraham when they were resident in Egypt with him? Further, if Abraham originally travelled to Egypt with Sarah/Nefertiti from Turkey, did some of these Levites perform similar functions for Nefertiti, even after she became Pharaoh Akhenaten’s wife? Was it she who helped turn them from being moon worshippers to sun worshippers (the Aten)? I intend to return to this theme in a post I am preparing on Moses, which will focus on what was going on in Egypt at the time Abraham was resident there, particularly from a religious viewpoint.

Freemasonry and the Ark of the Covenant

Laurence Gardner in his book ‘The Lost Secrets of Freemasonry’ points out in some detail how the Ark of the Covenant is an important symbol to the Freemasons. For example, he tells us that it forms the Masonic crest emblem of the arms of the United Grand Lodge of England. He claims that it is the paramount device of the Masonic secret and is of particular relevance to Royal Arch Freemasonry – which you will recall is the add-on Chapter of the 3rd Degree (Master Mason). Gardner feels it should be part of the 3rd Degree, if not actually constituting the degree itself, instead of the ritual of the death and burial of Hiram Abiff. Returning again to the theme of the linguistic roots of the Greek word ark with its Latin equivalent being arca (a box or chest), Gardner points out that etymologically it is possible to see that in France arca became arche, which then moved into English use in the early Middle Ages. William Caxton’s 1483 printing of The Golden Legend by Jacapo de Voraigne refers to the Ark of the Covenant as the ‘Arche of the Testaments’. Subsequently, the word arche became arch and then arc, which is the proper English form of ark today.

Gardner then states that the power of the Ark, in biblical terms, was said to be the Arc-light, which emanated from between the golden cherubim figures on the Mercy Seat and sent out spears like bolts of lightning – which to the Israelites was the ultimate manifestation of God’s presence. Gardner feels that the description of Moses burning the Golden Calf by fire is ambiguous since scholars have debated for centuries how the burning of gold can create a powder. He then points out how ‘Ark’ (arca) - a storage box - is linguistically synonymous with ‘arc’ (arcus) – a bow shape, as manifested with electronic arcing. He therefore compares the origins of arc lamps (known as Davy Lamps) in 1822 through the combination of storage and energy production using positive and negative poles to the action of the biblical cherubim, with the ultimate power of the light being at the ‘centre’ of the arc. Thus, he claims that 3,500 years after the time of Moses, sparking light-giving devices were once again being referred to as ‘arcs’. I think he may be on to something here. Moreover, it is my understanding that the Philadelphia Experiment was born out of observations made in US Naval ship building yards of strange occurrences, which arose during sheet metal welding being performed by high powered electrical arc-welding apparatus. At the extremely high voltages used during the process, objects such as heavy tools were seen to disappear into a black void with no natural explanation for the phenomenon, which was even caught on camera.

Gardner believes that the construction of the Ark, as described in the Bible, is precisely that of a modern day capacitor capable of drawing enough energy into storage from the atmosphere to produce many tens of thousands of volts. Gardner points out that the Bible tells us that the Ark was made of Shittim wood but was overlaid with pure gold both within and without. Hence, you have two plate-layers of gold (which is an excellent conductor of electricity) sandwiching a non-conductive dielectric insulator of acacia wood with the two gold cherubim placed at each end of the Mercy Seat (the box lid) acting as the uppermost outer electrodes, requiring only for each pole to be connected to its respective golden plate-layers. Even at low electric potentials, such a device would become highly charged. By way of corroboration of Gardner’s theory, I have also seen an Ancient Aliens episode that followed the same line of reasoning where the scientists reviewing the Ark from a technological basis for the programme considered that it could have acted as a very powerful capacitor retaining an extremely high charge. Gardner believes that the use of high-voltage electrical fire in this manner was the means by which the Therapeutate priests of Tuthmoses, the Great Ones of Pharaoh’s House of Gold, Moses, King Solomon and others were able to transform gold into the exotic white powder that became the white ‘bread’ of the ‘highward firestone’, the shewbread, the Israelites’ manna, the alchemists’ powder of projection and for us today mono-atomic gold or an ORME (Orbitally Rearranged Monoatomic Element) - Alchemy's Ormus. For Gardner this is ultimately the Lost Secret of the Freemasons. Could the Levites, like the Therapeutate, therefore have been the priests and guardians of this great secret? However, mono-atomic gold has one other important attribute and that is the power to defy gravity and it is this particular attribute I wish to discuss further below when we look again at the role of the Levites as the group who were charged especially with the duty of carrying the Ark.

Gardner points out that although the Ark of the Covenant was itself a prerequisite for the manufacture of the sacred white powder gold in the days of Moses, it was also a storage receptacle for the substance. Thus, the Bible tells of ‘the ark of the covenant overlaid around about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had the manna’ (Hebrews 9:4). Gardner argues that given the superconductive qualities of Ormus, the Ark itself would have become more than just a powerful capacitor; rather it would have been a generative superconductor. On this basis, he feels there is no reason to doubt any of the biblical statements concerning the Ark’s ability to levitate and emit violently destructive forces. Indeed, the C’s have told us (see above) that it was even capable of liquefying matter – as demonstrated to great effect by those scenes involving the Ark’s awesome power of destruction at the end of the Indiana Jones movie ‘Raiders of the Lost Ark’. It makes you wonder what Stephen Spielberg the director may have known.​

The Therapeutate Priests

Turning back briefly to the Therapeutate priests, Gardner tells us that Heliopolis (originally called On – relating to the light of the sun god) was a centre of the White Brotherhood who were the master craftsmen of Tuthmoses III. Apparently, there were 39 members on the High Council of Karnak, where the Pharaoh erected nine obelisks. The Brotherhood’s name derived from its preoccupation with an enigmatic white powder, which would seem to have been called "Mfkzt" (sometimes pronounced "mufkuzt") and was used in creating the white ‘bread’ of the highward firestone that the Israelites subsequently called manaa. Indeed, this is most certainly the same fine white powder that the famous British archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie discovered at the Temple of Hathor in Serabit el-Khadim in the southwest Sinai Peninsula (see my earlier post Hiram Abiff – The Widow’s Son). For more on this subject see The Secret Substance, The Mfkzt at Sinai. I would like to set out the following quote from this website:​

“Innumerable inscriptions referring to “bread” were unearthed at the Serabit site. This further increased the wonderment of the scientists. Close to the entrance of Hathor’s cave, they found a rock tablet depicting King Tuthmosis IV in the presence of Hathor. Before the king were two offering stands topped with lotus flowers, and behind him stood a man bearing a conical object described as “white bread.” Another stela detailed the mason Ankhib offering two conical bread cakes to the king. Yet another representation was found in a depiction of Hathor and Amenotep III. In it, the goddess Hathor is offering the emblem of life and dominion to the Pharaoh. Behind her is the treasurer Sobekhotep, who holds a conical loaf of "white bread." It should be noted that the treasurer Sobekhotep is described in the inscriptions as the man who “brought the noble Precious Stone to His Majesty.” Elsewhere, Sobekhotep is said to be the "Great One over the secrets of the House of Gold."

Interestingly, the 18th dynasty's royal treasurer (of whom and where?) was depicted presenting conical objects described as "white bread." He was regarded as the prestigious guardian of the house of gold.”

Ahkenaten was, of course, Tuthmosis IV’s grandson. As the article shows, David Hudson, an Arizona farmer, evidently stumbled upon the secret of the fine white powder in the 1980’s. However, the C’s warned that the powder if ingested laid one open to being controlled. Perhaps this was the reason Moses had the Golden Calf burned and then forced the mutinous Israelites to ingest the remains. Indeed, I find this description by Hudson of an experiment performed on a man who had taken the powder very disturbing, given what the C’s have said:​

“After 5 or 6 days of taking this material, this fellow began to hear this very high frequency sound, and every day the sound gets louder and louder. By the time he finished his fast, he said it's like loudspeakers in my brain, literally roaring this sound.”

“Well this sound is roaring in this man's head, it's roaring day and night, it's roaring when he’s talking on the phone, it's roaring when he's working. And I said, "Doesn't this disturb you? Isn't this an irritating sound? " and he said, "Not at all. It's just like nectar, because it doesn't come through the ears.” He said, "It’s inside the brain."

Tuthmosis IV was also known for erecting the so-called ‘Dream Stele’ at Giza. This is a subject I am aiming to return to in a subsequent post, since I think there may be a connection here to the Grail.

Gardner goes on to add that this mysterious priestly society, the White Brotherhood, eventually became known as the Therapeutate and, he claims, it was they who most influenced the community of Qumrân, near Jerusalem, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found in 1947. Gardner says that from the days of Cleopatra, this community or sect at Qumrân were called the Essenes – from the Greek word essenois meaning ‘physician’. The Jewish historian Flavius Josephus also confirmed this in his ‘Wars of the Jews’ where he said that the Essenes were very practised at the art of healing. Hence, we see a continuation of the transmission of ancient scientific knowledge from a mysterious group called the White Brotherhood, to the Therapeutate and on to the Essenes and perhaps eventually to the Knights Templar and the Rosicrucians. We will therefore need to study the Essenes in more depth to see how they fit into the picture and whether they may have had a lineal link with the medieval Assassins.​

Royal Arch Freemasonry

Although attached, as we have noted, as a Chapter to the 3rd degree of the Craft, Royal Arch Freemasonry appears to emerge from a very different culture, which had nothing to do with Hiramic ritual. Indeed, Royal Arch members are styled as ‘Companions’ rather than as ‘Brethren’ (Brothers) and Gardner believes its tenets and principles have a positive alchemical aspect which is more akin to Rosicrucian metaphysical philosophy. He states that one of its key differences is that, instead of being concerned with lifting a dead Master (Hiram Abiff) from an ignominious grave, it has a distinct crypt legend as its theme. He thinks this is partly rooted in Old Testament lore but also has a parallel origin in the European Templars of much later times, with elements of the tradition of crusader knights discovering a secret vault in Jerusalem (or possibly Petra?). The Royal Arch seems to be about the cultivation of the ‘Royal Art’ and an early ritual directs the question to the candidate ‘Whence comes the pattern of an arche?’ to which the correct ceremonial answer is ‘From a rainbow’, the curved arc of light first seen by Noah after the deluge according to the Bible.

One of the symbolic words in the Royal Arch ritual, said to have been discovered in a First Temple vault when the foundation was being prepared for the Zerubabbel’s Second Temple (which Laura thinks was in fact the First Temple) is ‘Ja-Bul-On’. Engraved on a gold plate, it is believed to be a combination of words meaning ‘I am the Lord, Father of all’. Whatever the case, Gardner cites that Ja-Bul-On relates to the Great Architect of Freemasonry with Ja meaning ‘I am’, Bul in Canaanite meaning ‘Lord’ and On meaning ‘House of the Sun’, which translates to ‘I am/ the Lord/ of On’ or the House of the Sun. However, Gardner links On with the Egyptian city of Heliopolis under its Greek name, which was specifically related to light and the sun. Please note that the city of On may also have a special significance to the story of Abraham/Moses since Gardner points out that it was Manetho, a Greco-Egyptian priest of Heliopolis and advisor to Pharaoh Ptolemy I (c.305-282 BC), who wrote in his History of Egypt (The Aegyptiaca) that Moses had been a priest at Heliopolis. I shall leave this matter to a subsequent post, since it may be at Heliopolis where Abraham obtained through Nefertiti the Ark of the Covenant and the Holy Grail before fleeing with them into the Sinai Wilderness.

Gardner explains that the Royal Arch ceremony arrived in England from Ireland and Scotland as a remnant of a more philosophical branch of Freemasonry, which had now been exiled. Gardner points out that since Speculative Masonry of the original Scottish style had evolved directly from a Templar legacy within the Gaelic realms, its importance would have been a Templar importance and it secrets were Templar secrets. Although the Temple of Jerusalem was undoubtedly of great significance to the early Knights Templar, Gardner thinks this was not because it was Solomon’s project (MJF: which is particularly true for us, as the C’s have confirmed that Solomon’s Temple was not in Jerusalem but in Egypt, as he was the Pharaoh Narmer), nor because Hiram Abiff was murdered there. He thinks it was important because of what they unearthed at the site of the Jerusalem Temple and subsequently brought back to Europe in 1127, which in Gardner’s opinion was a collection of ancient documents. He believes that rather than referring to Hiram Abiff’s lodge at Solomon’s Temple (as depicted in the 3rd degree ceremony), the Royal Arch ceremony points to an earlier event. In this last regard, Gardner points out that it is related that the First or Holy Lodge was held at the foot of Mount Horeb in the wilderness of Sinai, with Moses, Aholiab (Aaron’s son) and Bezaleel presiding. This has a special significance and resonance for us since you will recall that the author Graham Phillips has proposed that Mount Horeb, the Mountain of God, was in fact Jebel Madhbah – Mountain of the Altar, near to the ruined city of Petra where Phillip’s claims the Templars discovered the Ark of the Covenant (and Holy Grail in my view) in a hidden vault or tomb under the Treasury building. Hence, in contrast to Gardner’s view, I think it may be this discovery that the Royal Arch ritual celebrates.

The Ark and Levitation

In the Book of Numbers (10:33-36) it is said of the Children of Israel that: “As they travelled, the Ark was sent on before them.” Indeed, there are other references to the Ark levitating and moving of its own accord. Gardner also claims that the Freemasons’ Book of the Royal Arch states that, when in the Holy of Holies in the Temple of Jerusalem, the Ark remained out of contact with the earth – hovering three-fingers’ distance above the ground. Gardner then makes the claim that strange as the above may seem, the common image of four Levites carrying the Ark suspended on a couple of poles is in fact a physical impossibility. Gardner goes into some depth when calculating the probable weight of the Ark by taking into account the dimensions and the amount of gold used in its construction. He arrives at a potential weight for the Ark of 2,714 lb or 1,231 Kg. Hence, for him the Ark lid alone weighed over a ton, notwithstanding the golden cherubim or the coffer itself, which was double-plated inside and out with gold. Since the Ark was said to have been lifted by wooden shafts on to its transport by four men, it would need to have been far lighter than this unless other levitational powers were employed.​

The Levitical Solution

The word ‘levitate’ stems from the Latin word levis, meaning light in terms of gravitational attraction. The opposite word is gravis, meaning ‘heavy’ from which we also obtain the English word ‘grave’ (meaning serious in this context and not a tomb). The English verb ‘to lever’, relating to the raising of weight, similarly derives from the same levis root. Moreover, a mechanical device that grips heavy stones for lifting is called a ‘lewis’, which again is derived from the Latin root word levis. It also so happens that the lewis is a feature of some Masonic workings and the related proper name, Lewis, is given symbolically to the son of a Freemason who is aged between 18 and 21 and is waiting to become an ‘Entered Apprentice’. Further, the movement towards Master Mason (3rd degree) status is called ‘raising’ and is symbolised by the raising of Hiram Abiff’s body. Indeed, as Gardner states, the whole Masonic process is based upon movement towards the Light, with Jacob’s ladder and the winding staircase being the Hiram equivalents of the 1st and 2nd degrees, as reflected on Masonic Tracing Boards. Reading what Gardner has to say about the symbolism on these Tracing Boards, I am really struck by how much the symbols used reflect what Philip Gardiner and Gary Osborn have to say about the seven chakras and the Three Jewels (Three Great Lights* to the Masons) in raising one’s consciousness to the Kundalini awakening level of experience. Perhaps this is what the C’s meant when they said the Rosicrucians and Freemasons had certain secret knowledge, which they didn’t really understand or comprehend.

*Gardner explain that the Three Great Lights of Freemasonry in unison denote the extent of a mason’s qualifying achievement within an overall environment of divine consciousness, while the Lodge itself is perceived as a bridge between the material and spiritual worlds. Gardner also points out that Lodges were originally called ‘Mysteries’, which may link them indirectly with the mystery schools of the ancient classical world.

Gardner then goes on to say that in biblical lore, an equivalent name to Lewis is Levi, which in Hebrew stems from the word lewî, which signifies ‘gravitating towards’. The Latin parallel is levitas, for which the immediate and familiar synonym is levite. Well this is obviously the point where we originally came in. I must point out in all fairness that Wikipedia suggests the British surname ‘Lewis’ could have derived from the post-Classical Latin name Ludovicus meaning victorious in athletic games (ludus, game; vicus, var. of victor, winner), although it does state that the surname Lewis is also an Anglicisation of several like-sounding Jewish surnames such as "Levy" or "Levi". Gardner also quotes from The Lutterworth Dictionary of the Bible, which explains that the Levites were the equivalent of a ‘Trade Guild’, with a particular ‘know-how’ and special skills. I find this fascinating since modern Freemasonry’s roots are said to derive from the medieval operative stonemasons guilds, where these masons when arriving in unfamiliar territory, used secret signs and passwords to denote their level of proficiency in order to gain employment at the right level of attainment. These medieval craft and trade guilds also represent the origins of the present day Livery Companies operating in conjunction with the City of London Corporation, many of which have close associations with Masonic lodges.

As to the issue of special skills, Gardner points out that in all instances it was the Levites who were the guardians and bearers of the Ark and their particular qualification was in knowing how to perform these functions. They were in charge of its levis (raising) and were thus its levitators. Since the Ark was for too heavy to be lifted and carried by ordinary means, they had in Masonic terms to become its Lewis. For this task special clothing was worn and the Masonic apron was thus derived from the protective ephod apparel of the Levite guardians of the Ark.

The Freemasons use a device known as the ‘Lewis tackle’ to best symbolise what Freemasonry is all about – the art of ‘raising’. However, Gardner points out that it hardly constitutes a Royal Art in comparison to that of the Levite levitators, which only now can science imitate with superconductive levitation - which can be achieved by the application of the science of Ormus, as known by the ancient Egyptians and the medieval Knights Templar (and probably the Mayans and the Rosicrucian alchemists). As Gardner says, it does not matter if you use the terms ‘white powder gold’, shem-an-na, ‘highward fire-stone’, manaa or powder of projection (the Philosophers’ Stone of the alchemists) - the resultant attribute is the same. It is a superconductor, which retains no magnetic potential within itself and which repels all other magnetic forces. Gardner believes its secret is a low-frequency wave of light which sits at its centre as described by the symbol of the dot within a circle ʘ - the Lost Secret of Freemasonry.

Thus the Ark of the Covenant was a powerful electronic-arcing device – the provider of the fire which Moses used to burn the Golden Calf but we have also learned that it was a storage facility for the Ormus powder with which it became a superconductor in its own right, with the ability to ride on its own Meissner Field*

*Discovered in 1933 by the German physicist Walter Meissner, a Meissner Field or Effect is the expulsion of a magnetic field from the interior of a material that is a superconductor during its transition to the superconducting state when it is cooled below the critical temperature. This expulsion will repel any nearby external magnetic fields.

As Gardner concludes, in the ʘ symbol or the circum point, the Light is being pursued towards the proverbial vanishing point, which is also its point of emanation. It can also represent, inter alia, the sun at the centre of the solar system, the sun as gold in alchemical symbolism (Ormus), the sun as in Ra the Egyptian god of the sun, Keter in Kabbalah and the spirit.

Curiously, the symbol can also be found in the nazar, which is a circled-dot-shaped amulet believed to protect against the evil eye. A nazar (Arabicنَظَر‎) is a word deriving from Arabic meaning sight, surveillance, attention, and other related concepts. However, the word nazar seems to me to be phonetically close to the Egyptian word ‘wazir’ or vizier, a high ranking Egyptian minister or advisor and to the Hebrew word ‘Nazir’ (plural ‘Nazirim’), which is anglicised to Nazirite and, as used in the Bible, means someone who utters a vow to consecrate himself to God. According to Israelite law, a Nazir must not drink wine, shave his head (letting his locks grow) or have contact with the dead – including animal carcasses. Could the Levites have been Nazirim I wonder and might they have worn such an amulet?

However, the circled dot or circle with a point at its centre known as the circum point or ‘circumpunct’ is also the ancient symbol that symbolises consciousness. The dot in the middle connotes ‘source’ (the point of emanation), the ‘I am-ness’ and your origins. The circle on the outside represents the expansion that a person has done of their soul through all their experiences and all their lifetimes. This particular concept reminds me of an early session Laura had with the C’s when they asked her to visualise an ever expanding circle starting from a point. Was it the circumpunct, as source or the origin of all things, that the C’s were trying to draw her attention to?​
Admiral Piri Reis

Before returning to the mystery of Oak Island again, I thought it appropriate to take a look at the person and works of the medieval Turkish Admiral Piri Reis since, as you will see in the session transcribed below, he seems to have had some possible indirect connection with the Rosicrucians and therefore to the enclave of alchemists in the Pyrenees.

Session 31 October 1998

A: Have you overlooked North America? Check Atlas indices for names to pique interest.

Q: What names?

A: Oh now, we cannot tell you that!

Q: The reason I have been focusing on Europe is because you said that this thing we were supposed to find was in the Rhineland...

A: But there are always connections, both hither and yon. Tricky those Rosicrucians, tricky. And what of Piri Reis?

Q: Well, I was already lost in a sea of puzzle pieces. Nothing like making it harder!

A: Or easier. Template... Templar... Temporary. Temperature... prime numbers, prime rib... Primary.

Quoting from Piri Reis’ biography on Wikpedia:

Ahmed Muhiddin Piri (c. 1465 – 1553), better known as Piri Reis (Turkish: Pîrî Reis or Hacı Ahmet Muhittin Pîrî Bey), was an Ottoman admiral, navigator, geographer and cartographer. He was born either in Gelibolu (Gallipoli) on the European part of the Ottoman Empire (in present-day Turkish Thrace). He is primarily known today for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation), a book that contains detailed information on early navigational techniques as well as relatively accurate charts for their time. He gained fame as a cartographer when a small part of his first world map, prepared in 1513, was discovered in 1929 at the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul. His world map is the oldest known Turkish atlas showing the New World, and one of the oldest maps of America still existing anywhere (the oldest known surviving map of America is the map drawn by Juan de la Cosa in 1500).

Piri began engaging in government-supported privateering (a common practice in the Mediterranean Sea among both the Muslim and Christian states of the 15th and 16th centuries) when he was young, following his uncle Kemal Reis, a well-known corsair and seafarer of the time, who later became a famous admiral of the Ottoman Navy. It is known that Kemal Reis ventured into the Canaries in 1501.

In 1528, Piri Reis drew a second world map, of which a small fragment (showing Greenland and North America from Labrador and Newfoundland in the north to Florida, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and parts of Central America in the south) still survives. According to his imprinting text, he had drawn his maps using about 20 foreign charts and mappae mundi (Arab, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Indian and Greek) including one by Christopher Columbus.

Although he was not an explorer and never sailed to the Atlantic, he compiled over twenty maps of Arab, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Indian and older Greek origins into a comprehensive representation of the known world of his era. This work included the recently explored shores of both the African and American continents; on his first World Map of 1513, he imprinted the description "these lands and islands are drawn from the map of Columbus." In his text, he also wrote that he used the "maps drawn in the time of Alexander the Great" as a source, but most likely he had mistakenly confused the 2nd-century Greek geographer Ptolemy with Alexander’s general of the same name (of four and a half centuries before), since his map is similar with the Jan of Stobnica famous reproduction map of Ptolemy, printed in 1512.

He was executed in 1553 in Cairo, having been found guilty of lifting the siege of Hormuz Island and abandoning the fleet, even though his reason for doing so was the lack of maintenance of his ships.

Piri Reis was among the most important scientists of his time who was involved with sailing. It is clear that he knew Greek, Italian, Spanish, and even Portuguese besides his native language. While drawing his world map, he would therefore have benefited from the resources written in these languages. Piri Reis was the author of the Kitāb-ı Baḥrīye, or "Book of the Sea", one of the most famous cartographical works of the period. The work was first published in 1521, and it was revised in 1524-1525 with additional information and better-crafted charts. The revised edition had a total of 434 pages containing 290 maps. The book gave seafarers information on the Mediterranean coast, islands, crossings, straits, and gulfs and described the important ports and cities; where to take refuge in the event of a storm and how to approach the ports, and precise routes to the ports. As well as techniques of navigation and navigation-related information on astronomy, it also contained information about the local people of each country and city and the curious aspects of their culture.

The Kitab-ı Bahriye has two main sections, with the first section dedicated to information about the types of storms; techniques of using a compass; portolan charts with detailed information on ports and coastlines; methods of finding direction using the stars; and characteristics of the major oceans and the lands around them. Special emphasis is given to the discoveries in the New World by Christopher Columbus and those of Vasco da Gama and the other Portuguese seamen on their way to India and the rest of Asia.

The second section is entirely composed of portolan charts and cruise guides. Each topic contains the map of an island or coastline. In the first book (1521), this section has a total of 132 portolan charts, while the second book (1525) has a total of 210 portolan charts. The second section starts with the description of the Dardanelles Strait and continues with the islands and coastlines of the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, Adriatic Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Ligurian Sea, the French Riviera, the Balearic Islands, the coasts of Spain, the Straits of Gibraltar, the Canary Islands, the coasts of North Africa, Egypt and the River Nile, the Levant and the coastline of Anatolia (Turkey). This section also includes descriptions and drawings of the famous monuments and buildings in every city, as well as biographic information about Piri Reis who also explains the reasons why he preferred to collect these charts in a book instead of drawing a single map, which would not be able to contain so much information and detail.

The Piri Reis Map

The image of the Piri Rei's map shown above was scanned from the frontpiece of a first edition of Hapgood's Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings. It is included here for non-profit archival and research purposes only.

Translation of the map text

[From "The Oldest Map of America," by Professor Dr. Afet Inan. Ankara, 1954, pp. 28-34.]​

I. There is a kind of red dye called vakami, that you do not observe at first, because it is at a distance . . . the mountains contain rich ores. . . . There some of the sheep have silken wool.

II. This country is inhabited. The entire population goes naked.

III. This region is known as the vilayet of Antilia. It is on the side where the sun sets. They say that there are four kinds of parrots, white, red, green and black. The people eat the flesh of parrots and their headdress is made entirely of parrots' feathers. There is a stone here. It resembles black touchstone. The people use it instead of the ax. That it is very hard . . . [illegible]. JPe saw that stone.

[NOTE: Piri Reis writes in the "Babriye": "In the enemy ships which we captured in the Mediterranean, we found a headdress made of these parrot feathers, and also a stone resembling touchstone."]

IV. This map was drawn by Piri Ibn Haji Mehmed, known as the nephew of Kemal Reis, in Gallipoli, in the month of muharrem of the year 919 (that is, between the 9th of March and the 7th of April of the year 1513).

V. This section tells how these shores and also these islands were found.

These coasts are named the shores of Antilia. They were discovered in the year 896 of the Arab calendar. But it is reported thus, that a Genoese infidel, his name was Colombo, be it was who discovered these places. For instance, a book fell into the hands of the said Colombo, and be found it said in this book that at the end of the Western Sea [Atlantic] that is, on its western side, there were coasts and islands and all kinds of metals and also precious stones. The above-mentioned, having studied this book thoroughly, explained these matters one by one to the great of Genoa and said: "Come, give me two ships, let me go and find these places." They said: "O unprofitable man, can an end or a limit be found to the Western Sea? Its vapour is full of darkness." The above-mentioned Colombo saw that no help was forthcoming from the Genoese, he sped forth, went to the Bey of Spain [king], and told his tale in detail. They too answered like the Genoese. In brief Colombo petitioned these people for a long time, finally the Bey of Spain gave him two ships, saw that they were well equipped, and said:

"O Colombo, if it happens as you say, let us make you kapudan [admiral] to that country." Having said which, he sent the said Colombo to the Western Sea. The late Gazi Kemal had a Spanish slave. The above-mentioned slave said to Kemal Reis, he had been three times to that land with Colombo. He said: "First we reached the Strait of Gibraltar, then from there straight south and west between the two . . . [illegible]. Having advanced straight four thousand miles, we saw an island facing us, but gradually the waves of the sea became foamless, that is, the sea was becalmed and the North Star--the seamen on their compasses still say star--little by little was veiled and became invisible, and be also said that the stars in that region are not arranged as here. They are seen in a different arrangement. They anchored at the island which they had seen earlier across the way, the population of the island came, shot arrows at them and did not allow them to land and ask for information. The males and the females shot hand arrows. The tips of these arrows were made of fishbones, and the whole population went naked and also very . . . [illegible]. Seeing that they could not land on that island; they crossed to the other side of the island, they saw a boat. On seeing them; the boat fled and they [the people in the boat] dashed out on land. They [the Spaniards] took the boat. They saw that inside of it there was human flesh. It happened that these people were of that nation which went from island to island hunting men and eating them. They said Colombo saw yet another island, they neared it, they saw that on that island there were great snakes. They avoided landing on this island and remained there seventeen days. The people of this island saw that no harm came to them from this boat, they caught fish and brought it to them in their small ship's boat [filika]. These [Spaniards] were pleased and gave them glass beads. It appears that he [Columbus] had read-in the book that in that region glass beads were valued. Seeing the beads they brought still more fish. These [Spaniards] always gave them glass beads. One day they saw gold around the arm of a woman, they took the gold and gave her beads. They said to them, to bring more gold, we will give you more beads, [they said]. They went and brought them much gold. It appears that in their mountains there were gold mines. One day, also, they saw pearls in the hands of one person. They saw that when; they gave beads, many more pearls were brought to them. Pearls were found on the shore of this island, in a spot one or two fathoms deep. And also loading their ship with many logwood trees and taking two natives along, they carried them within that year to the Bey of Spain. But the said Colombo, not knowing the language of these people, they traded by signs, and after this trip the Bey of Spain sent priests and barley, taught the natives how to sow and reap and converted them to his own religion. They had no religion of any sort. They walked naked and lay there like animals. Now these regions have been opened to all and have become famous. The names which mark the places on the said islands and coasts were given by Colombo, that these places may be known by them. And also Colombo was a great astronomer. The coasts and island on this map are taken from Colombo's map.​

VI. This section shows in what way this map was drawn. In this century there is no map like this map in anyone's possession. The--hand of this poor man has drawn it and now it is constructed. From about twenty charts and Mappae Mundi--these are charts drawn in the days of Alexander, Lord of the Two Horns, which show the inhabited quarter of the world; the Arabs name these charts Jaferiye--from eight Jaferiyes of that kind and one Arabic map of Hind, and from the maps just drawn by four Portuguese which show the countries of Hind, Sind and China geometrically drawn, and also from a map drawn by Colombo in the western region I have extracted it. By reducing all these maps to one scale this final form was arrived at. So that the present map is as correct and reliable for the Seven Seas as the map of these our countries is considered correct and reliable by seamen.

VII. It is related by the Portuguese infidel that in this spot night and day are at their shortest of two hours, at their longest of twenty two hours. But the day is very warm and in the night there is much dew.

VIII. On the way to the vilayet of Hind a Portuguese ship encountered a contrary wind [blowing] from the shore. The wind from the shore . . . [illegible] it [the ship]. After being driven by a storm in a southern direction they saw a shore opposite them they advanced towards it [illegible]. They saw that these places are good anchorages. They threw anchor and went to the shore in boats. They saw people walking, all of them naked. But they shot arrows, their tips made of fishbone. They stayed there eight days. They traded with these people by signs. That barge saw these lands and wrote about them which. . . . The said barge without going to Hind, returned to Portugal, where, upon arrival it gave information. . . . They described these shores in detail. . . . They have discovered them.

IX. And in this country it seems that there are white-haired monsters in this shape, and also six-horned oxen. The Portuguese infidels have written it in their maps. . . .

X. This country is a waste. Everything is in ruin and it is said that large snakes are found here. For this reason the Portuguese infidels did not land on these shores and these are also said to be very hot.

XI. And these four ships are Portuguese ships. Their shape is written down. They travelled from the western land to the point of Abyssinia [Habesh] in order to reach India. They said towards Shuluk. The distance across this gulf is 4200 miles.

XII. .... On this shore a tower
.... is however
.... in this climate gold
.... taking a rope
.... is said they measured

[NOTE: The fact that half of each of these lines is missing is the clearest proof of the map's having been torn in two.]

XIII. And a Genoese kuke [a type of ship] coming from Flanders was caught in a storm. Impelled by the storm it came upon these islands, and in this manner these islands became known.

XIV. It is said that in ancient times a priest by the name of Sanvolrandan (Santo Brandan) travelled on the Seven Seas, so they say. The above-mentioned landed on this fish. They thought it dry land and lit a fire upon this fish, when the fish's back began to burn it plunged into the sea, they reembarked in their boats and fled to the ship. This event is not mentioned by the Portuguese infidels. It is taken from the ancient Mappae Mundi.

XV. To these small islands they have given the name of Undizi Vergine. That is to say the Eleven Virgins.

XVI. And this island they call the Island of Antilia. There are many monsters and parrots and much logwood. It is not inhabited.

XVII. This barge was driven upon these shores by a storm and remained where it fell. . . . Its name was Nicola di Giuvan. On his map it is written that these rivers which can be seen have for the most part gold [in their beds]. When the water had gone they collected much gold [dust] from the sand. On their map. . . .

XVIII. This is the barge from Portugal which encountered a storm and came (to this land). The details are written on the edge of this map. [NOTE: see VIII.]

XIX. The Portuguese infidels do not go west of here. All that side belongs entirely to Spain. They have made an agreement that [a line] two thousand miles to the western side of the Strait of Gibraltar should be taken as a boundary. The Portuguese do not cross to that side but the Hind side and the southern side belong to the Portuguese.

XX. And this caravel having encountered a storm was driven upon this island. Its name was Nicola Giuvan. And on this island there are many oxen with one horn. For this reason they call this island Isle de Vacca, which means, Ox Island.

XXI. The admiral of this caravel is named Messir Anton the Genoese, but be grew up in Portugal. One day the above-mentioned caravel encountered a storm, it was driven upon this island. He found much ginger here and has written about these islands.

XXII. This sea is called the Western Sea, but the Frank sailors call it the Mare d'Espagna. Which means the Sea of Spain. Up to now it was known by these names, but Colombo, who opened up this sea and made these islands known, and also the Portuguese, infidels who have opened up the region of Hind have agreed together to give this sea a new name. They have given it the name of Ovo Sano [Oceano] that is to say, sound egg. Before this it was thought that the sea had no end or limit, that at its other end was darkness. Now they have seen that this sea is girded by a coast, because it is like a lake, they have called it Ovo Sano.

XXIII. In this spot there are oxen with one horn, and also monsters in this shape.

XXIV. These monsters are seven spans long. Between their eyes there is a distance of one span. But they are harmless souls.

A commentary on the Piri Reis map by J.B. Hare

Most theories about ancient unknown civilizations are based on absolutely no physical evidence, usually just hearsay and speculation. What really would shake the basis of our knowledge of history would be an actual artifact. This probably wouldn't be something spectacular like finding a sunken city in the Atlantic, or armour-piercing bullets embedded in a dinosaur skeleton. It would probably be something that only an expert in the field would recognize as anomalous.

More likely, this artifact would be a document or tradition from the past which reveals a deep understanding of some scientific fact recently discovered. This could be a description of the structure and function of DNA, knowledge of astronomy or physics which is only known to modern science . . . or accurate maps of the earth drawn long before the "Age of Exploration". The Piri Reis map appears to be just that artifact.

The Piri Re'is Map is only one of several anomalous maps drawn in the 15th Century and earlier which appear to represent better information about the shape of the continents than should have been known at the time. Furthermore, this information appears to have been obtained at some distant time in the past.

Piri Re'is, Ptolomy (2nd Century A.D.), as well as Mercator [MJF: a great friend of John Dee] and Oronteus Finaeus, well-known 15th Century map-makers, included the traditional southern continent in their world maps, as did others. Antarctica was not discovered until the 19th Century, and it was largely unexplored until the middle of the 20th. This is just the start. Anomalous maps also show the Behring Strait as linking Asia and America, river deltas which appear much shorter than they do today, islands in the Aegean which haven't been above water since the sea-level rise at the end of the ice-age and huge glaciers covering Britain and Scandinavia. Long dismissed as attempts by cartographers to fill in empty spaces, some of the details of the old maps look very startling when correlated with modern (very mainstream) knowledge of the changes in the Earths' geography in the geologic past, particularly during the Ice Ages.

The Piri Re'is map is most interesting because of the attribution of the source of its information, and the extraordinary detail of the coastal outlines.

The Piri Re'is map was found in 1929 in the Imperial Palace in Constantinople. It is painted on parchment and dated 919 A.H. (in the Islamic calendar), which corresponds to 1513 AD. It is signed by an admiral of the Turkish Navy named Piri Ibn Haji Memmed, also known as Piri Re'is. According to Piri Re'is, the map had been assembled from a set of 20 maps drawn in the time of Alexander the Great.

This map and others were analyzed by Charles H. Hapgood and his graduate students. Hapgood was an historian and geographer at the University of New Hampshire, in his book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings (1966). Only the conclusions of this book are sensational; for the most part it is a technical monograph on the history and geography of the anomalous maps, employing spherical trigonometry to associate map features with actual geographic locations. This book has recently been republished, and we highly recommend it.

The conclusion that Hapgood reached was that a civilization with high seafaring and mapping skills surveyed the entire earth in the ancient past. They left maps which have been copied by hand through many generations. The Piri Re'is map is a patchwork which has gaps (most notably the Drake Passage between South America and Antarctica) which can be explained as non-overlapping areas between the source maps. Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings and Hapgood's other book The Earth's Shifting Crust, in which he advanced a theory of polar shifts, are controversial, and earned him the scorn of official academia.

More evidence has appeared in recent years. Hapgood may yet be vindicated (at least his guess as to the signficance of the anomalous maps). The Piri Re'is map is one of the cornerstones of the growing body of evidence for an unknown Ice Age civilization. Along with this we can include the book Hamlet's Mill, by De Santillana and von Dechend (1969), and the works of Graham Hancock.

One striking thing about this map is the level of detail of the coasts and interiors in South America. Although the scale is somewhat off, a long, high mountain range is shown as the source of the rivers flowing to the coast of South America.

However, the best-known feature in the Piri Re'is map (and other pre-modern maps) is the Antarctic coastline. In Hapgood and others' opinions, this represents the outline of the coast of Antarctica without glaciers.

Our modern knowledge of the coastline under the ice was obtained using seismic sounding data from Antarctic expeditions in the 1940s and 50s. Sonar is one way to map the coast under the Antarctic glaciers. The other way would be to have surveyed them when they were ice-free. According to Hapgood, who based the claim on 1949 core samples from the Ross Sea, the last time the particular area shown in the Piri Re'is map was free of ice was more than 6000 years ago. More recent studies show that this may be off by a couple of orders of magnitude. In any case, this geography should have been unknown to the ancients. If this is correct, there are some big mysteries to explain.

A number of writers have rushed in and attempted to do just this. One school of thought about the Piri Re'is map is the 'Atlantis in Antarctica' thesis. The chief proponents of this are Rand and Rose Flem-Ath in their book When the Sky Fell, though there are others. The Flem-Aths buy into both Hapgoods' Sea Kings and Polar shift thesis. In the latter, Hapgood claimed that the inclination of the Earth's axis of rotation shifted suddenly in the year 9,500 B.C. causing Antarctica to move hundreds of miles to the south. This transformed its climate from semi-temperate to freezing. In contrast to the Sea Kings hypothesis, there is no evidence that a rapid polar shift actually occurred at this time and much negative evidence that it didn't.

There is no scientific explanation for a mechanism which could cause such a global transformation in a matter of hours without completely destroying the crust of the planet. A planetary collision would be required, of the sort that has not occurred since the early period of planetary formation [MJF: How about a comet strike in Canada]. If such a collision occurred in 9,500 B.C., it is fairly certain that all life on Earth would have been wiped out, which is obviously not the case. While it is not impossible that some instability in the planet could cause the Earth's axis to change its inclination, this would not occur overnight [MJF: Why not?]. Additionally, a polar shift would probably leave an obvious mark in the geomagnetic strata found in sea floor cores, which is not the case.

Much has been made of Einstein's endorsement of Hapgood's polar shift theory. This proves nothing, since Einstein was not a geologist. Furthermore, although Einstein's theories have stood up to rigorous experimental and observational evidence, it's important to note that he was a human being and wasn't always right. Part of Einstein's greatness was his ability to admit his errors.

In any case, the Flem-Aths propose that this shift destroyed a hypothetical Antarctic civilization, located somewhere in the present-day Ross penninsula. They attempt (with mixed success) to relate this to Plato's Atlantis. Unfortunately, proving this would involve doing archaeology under an ice sheet thousands of meters thick [MJF: Perhaps they are, given news stories coming out of Antractica in recent times.]. This is an excellent example of 'extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof'.

One subconscious influence on this may be fantasy writer H.P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu mythos, which places the abode of the Ancient Gods, R'lyeh, in Antarctica. Lovecraft's mythos is completly fictional, even if it has resemblances to actual mythologies [MJF: See the recent transcript for the session dated 18 September 2021 for more on Lovecraft].

While features suggestive of advanced geographical knowledge are shown in the map itself, the annotations and illustrations paint a different picture. Skeptics will note that the Piri Re'is map of the Antarctic coast, of which so much has been made, is notated as follows:

This country is a waste. Everything is in ruin and it is said that large snakes are found here. For this reason the Portuguese infidels did not land on these shores and these are also said to be very hot.

There are also pictures of some mythical animals in the same vicinity, of which the text reads:​

And in this country it seems that there are white-haired monsters in this shape, and also six-horned oxen. The Portuguese infidels have written it in their maps. . . .

This doesn't invalidate the startling landforms, but does indicate that whoever wrote these notes (presumably Piri Reis) never actually visited Antarctica. Non-skeptics might argue that when the source map was surveyed there could have been 1) large snakes, 2) unknown varieties of land mammals, as well as a 3) "very hot" climate in Antarctica, but there is no physical evidence that this has ever been the case. This also does not explain the other fanciful illustrations and notations on the map, including a sketch of a red-haired headless man (with his face on his chest) in the Andes area*. This takes us out of the realm of the possible into the fantastic, a line which Hapgood was careful not to cross, at least in Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings.​

-- J.B. Hare

Text on this page is © Copyright 2001, J.B. Hare.

*There are though American Indian accounts of giant red-haired men in the Americas (e.g. the Lovelock Caves in Nevada), so this sketch may not be as fantastic as Hare believes. Similarly, Dutch sailors who visited Easter Island in the early 18th century encountered 11ft tall blond and red haired giants (Page 33 anyone!) who the C’s have confirmed were also present on Tenerife in the Canary Islands prior to its conquest by the Spanish.

The Official View in Wikipedia

Quoting directly from Wikipedia:

The Piri Reis map was compiled in 1513 but most studies have identified the more probable date of completion as 1521. Only approximately one third of the world map survives today. What survives is the extant western third of the original map that was drawn on gazelle skin parchment.

There are thirty legends around the world map, twenty-nine in Turkish and one in Arabic (see above for their translation).

The map shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy. Various Atlantic islands, including the Azores and Canary Island, are depicted, as is the mythical island of Antilla and possibly Japan.

The map's historical importance lies in its demonstration of the extent of exploration of the New World by approximately 1510, and in its claim to have used a map made by Christopher Columbus, otherwise lost, as a source. Piri also stated that he had used ten Arab sources and four Indian maps sourced from the Portuguese.

The Piri Reis map is kept in the Library of the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, Turkey but is not usually on display to the public.

The Map’s Discovery

The discovery of the map at the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul in 1929 by the German theologian Gustav Adolf Deissmann (1866–1937) caused an international sensation, as it represented the only then known copy of a world map of Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) and was the only 16th-century map that showed South America in its proper longitudinal position in relation to Africa. Geographers had spent several centuries unsuccessfully searching for a "lost map of Columbus" that was supposedly drawn while he was in the West Indies.

The accuracy of the Piri Reis map is mixed. The Iberian Peninsula and the coast of Africa, well known to cartographers of the time, are depicted accurately. Island groups in the eastern Atlantic are accurately placed but not drawn to proper scale. The northern portion of the South American coast is also rendered fairly accurately and positioned correctly across from Africa. Much of the Caribbean also is mapped fairly accurately, perhaps reflecting Christopher Columbus's recent maps of the region. However, the area representing North America bears little resemblance to the actual coastline except for one projection which might portray Newfoundland. An island nearby labelled "Antilia" might be Nova Scotia since a note there refers to the legendary voyages of Saint Brendan. Arguably, much of the area to the north of the Caribbean may be based on maps of the Asian coast, reflecting contemporary confusion about exactly what had been discovered to date.​

Although there are frequent claims of the Piri Reis map's extreme accuracy, McIntosh, in comparing it to several other portolan-style maps of the era, found that:

The Piri Reis map is not the most accurate map of the sixteenth century, as has been claimed, there being many, many world maps produced in the remaining eighty-seven years of that century that far surpass it in accuracy. The Ribeiro maps of the 1520s and 1530s, the Ortelius map of 1570, and the Wright-Molyneux map of 1599 ('the best map of the sixteenth century') are only a few better-known examples.

However, Piri Reis map was compiled in 1513 and predates all the maps listed above.

MJF: Wikpedia then does a hit piece on the Antarctic coast part of the map, which is clearly intended as a damage limitation exercise:

The Antarctic Coast​

There are two major discrepancies from known coastlines: the North American coast mentioned above, and the southern portion of the South American coast. On the Piri Reis map, the latter is shown bending off sharply to the east starting around present-day Rio de Janeiro. Another interpretation of this territory has been to identify this section with the Queen Maud Land coast of Antarctica. This claim is generally traced to Arlington H. Mallery, a civil engineer and amateur archaeologist who was a supporter of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact hypotheses. Though his assertions were not well received by scholars, they were revived in Charles Hapgood’s 1966 book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings. This book proposed a theory of global exploration by a pre-classical undiscovered civilisation based on his analysis of this and other ancient and late-medieval maps. More notoriously, these claims were repeated in Erich von Daniken's Chariots of the Gods? (which attributed the knowledge of the coast to extraterrestrials) and Gavin Menzies's 1421: The Year China Discovered the World (which attributed it to supposed Chinese voyages), both of which were roundly denounced by mainstream scholars.

An analysis of these claims was published by Gregory McIntosh, a historian of cartography, who examined the map in depth in his book The Piri Reis Map of 1513 (Athens and London: University of Georgia Press, 2000). He was able to find sources for much of the map in Columbus's writings. Certain peculiarities (such as the appearance of the Virgin Islands in two locations) he attributed to the use of multiple maps as sources; others (such as the errors in North American geography) he traced to the continued confusion of the area with East Asia. As far as the accuracy of depiction of the supposed Antarctic coast is concerned, there are two conspicuous errors. First, it is shown hundreds of kilometres north of its proper location; second, the Drake’s Passage is completely missing, with the Antarctic Peninsula presumably conflated with the Western Patagonian coast. The identification of this area of the map with the frigid Antarctic coast is also difficult to reconcile with the notes on the map which describe the region as having a warm climate.

Maps of the period generally depicted a large continent named Terra Australis Incognita of highly variable shape and extent. This land was posited by Ptolemy as a counterbalance to the extensive continental areas in the northern hemisphere; due to a lack of exploration and various misunderstandings, its existence was not fully abandoned until circumnavigation of the area during the second voyage of James Cook in the 1770s showed that if it existed, it was much smaller than imagined previously. The first confirmed landing on Antarctica was only during the First Russian Antarctic Expedition in 1820, and the coastline of Queen Maud Land did not see significant exploration before Norwegian expeditions began in 1891. In 1513, Cape Horn had not yet been discovered, and indeed Ferdinand Magellan's voyage of circumnavigation was not to set sail for another six years. It is unclear whether the mapmaker saw South America itself as part of the unknown southern lands (as shown in the Miller Atlas), or whether (as Dutch thought) he drew what was then known of the coast with substantial distortion.

Dutch holds that there is no reason to believe that the map is the product of genuine knowledge of the Antarctic coast.
What the Cassiopaeans said about Antarctica

Well Wikipedia’s view of Antarctica, as shown on the Piri Reis Map, seems to be ‘all is good here, nothing odd to see, just move along folks’. Unfortunately for Dutch, Professor Hapgood showed the Piri Reis map to the US Air Force and they subsequently confirmed that the map was a reasonably good interpretation of an Antarctica free of ice, which they had been able to map themselves using ground penetrating sonar and radar. Moreover, the C’s commented on the origins of the map in the Session dated 5 December 1998 and, although dismissing Erich von Daniken’s attribution of the map to aliens, they confirmed that the map’s origins dated back to 14,000 BC, when Antarctica was last ice free:​

Q: (L) In that sense... (A) Okay, this brings us to the question about the Piri Reis map. We wanted to know the origin of this map?

A: Complex, but the origin would date back to 14,000 B.C.

Q: (A) Atlantis?

A: Close.

Q: (L) Was this map drawn when Antarctica was NOT covered by ice?

A: Yes.

Q: (L) Was Antarctica not covered by ice because the poles were in a different location?

A: No.

Q: (L) Was it not covered by ice because the entire planet was not covered by ice?

A: No.

Q: (L) Was it not covered by ice because it was in a different location itself?

A: No.

Q: (L) Why was it not covered by ice? (A) Because the climate was warmer.

A: Technologically achieved.


Q: (L) So, instead of using the areas that were NOT covered by ice, why, in particular, was Antarctica...

A: What?!?

Q: (L) What I am getting at is: why go to all the trouble to thaw out a whole big island if it might have been easier to have been somewhere else?

A: Well, first of all, we thought this was Ark's turn. But, since you have asked, is it not obvious by now? Magnetic power grid physics. EM utilization. Crystals, and the like. Seeking paths to the interior? The "Poles" know best!

Q: Speaking of these tall guys, William Wallace's life was sort of symbolic, in my mind, and he was supposed to have been over 6 and a half feet tall. During the time that all that mess was going on over in Scotland with Wallace and the Bruce, the Templars were being dissolved in France...

A: Dissolved?!? We think not! They merely went "underground."

Q: Is that literally or figuratively?

A: Why not both?

Q: Well, there are Templar organizations that some Mason's claim to be in contact with.

A: And where do you suppose these are?

Q: Underground?

A: Bingo!


Q: Okay. This one book I just read, the guys came across the Mandeans who talked about a star called "Merica," and from this, these geniuses deduced that the Templars sailed to America! What DID happen to the Templar fleet?

A: Sail to underworld.

Hence, the importance of the Piri Reis Map would seem to be that it displayed an ice-free Antarctica hundreds of years before that continent was officially discovered and mapped by Europeans. The C’s also confirmed that Antarctica was kept ice free through technological means, i.e., by using magnetic power grid physics, electromagnetic field utilisation and crystals – this last reference perhaps being to the great sunken crystal pyramid located under the sea off Florida. The C’s have confirmed elsewhere that there is another such pyramid in Antarctica and one at the North Pole as well. Could this possibly explain their references to “Seeking paths to the interior?”and “ The "Poles" know best!”. One group that we do know sought a path to the interior were the Nazis, since the C’s have confirmed that a large group of Nazis did go down to Antarctica towards the end of WW2, being the last group of Aryans to have done so. The C’s confirmed that first group of Aryans to have gone to the Earth’s interior did so in 12,000 BC, which would be around 2,000 years after the original map the Piri Reis Map was based on was created and 1,200 years before the deluge or final cataclysm that destroyed Atlantis:​

Session 4th May 1996

Q: (L) Do these people being bred and raised in these underground cities have souls?

A: Yes, most.

Q: (TK) Are they just like us only raised differently?

A: More complicated than that.

Q: (L) How long have they been doing this?

A: 14,000 years, approximately.

Q: (L) If they have been doing it that long, obviously the ones they have taken at the beginning have croaked and are of no use to replace anybody on the earth unless they have been replacing people from time to time for various reasons...

A: No, their technology makes yours look like Neanderthal by comparison! Hibernation tubes... One heartbeat per hour, for example.

Q: (TH) That means that for every year we live, they would live 4200 years... (L) Does any of this have anything to do with that crazy pit at Oak Island?

A: In an offhand way.

However, this leaves open the possibility that other groups had taken the same path prior to the Nazis in 1945. One such group may have been the Knights Templar in 1307-08, since the C’s confirmed in the 5th December 1998 session passage quoted above that the Templars had gone underground both literally and figuratively. Moreover, could “Sail to underworld” have meant Antarctica perhaps, as it would have been the bottom of the world (underworld) from the Templars’ perspective? Alternatively, they may have sailed to the North Pole and found a similar entrance to the interior of the Earth there – Ultima Thule – a place the Nazis seemed obsessed with finding, as they viewed it as the original home of the Aryan race. John Dee’s hunt for the Northwest Passage may also have hidden a similar desire to find Ultima Thule.

I know some historians have doubted whether the Templar fleet’s boats were sturdy enough for deep oceanic voyages, since the ships were primarily built for carrying cargo around the Mediterranean. However, the C’s seem to have endorsed the idea that Templars like Sir Henry Sinclair could have reached North-West America. Indeed, there certainly seems to be evidence for the Templars having been in Newport, Rhode Island, Westford, Massachusetts and even on Oak Island - see Evidence the Knights Templar got to America!. Indeed, the Lagina brothers on their TV show ‘The Curse of Oak Island’ have found a Templar lead metal cross and various markings on stones that are suggestive of a Templar presence on the Island in the distant past. However, could the Templars have made it to Antarctica a much longer, arduous and more involved voyage? If so, did they have access to ancient maps that showed Antarctica like those Piri Reis used to create his own map?

Given that the Templars along with the Venetians took part in the sack of Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 1204 AD, which marked the culmination of the Fourth Crusade, and thereby gained access to the Imperial Library that may have housed works that had been taken from the Great Library of Alexandria prior to its destruction by fire, I think this is entirely possible. This means the Templars may have known of and reached North America over a century before Columbus (who may have been a Templar himself through his links to the Portuguese Knights of Christ). Indeed Piri Reis points out in his book Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation - see above) that Columbus had access to a book that made him aware of the existence of America even before he set sail on his voyage of discovery in 1492:​

“These coasts are named the shores of Antilia. They were discovered in the year 896 of the Arab calendar. But it is reported thus, that a Genoese infidel, his name was Colombo, be it was who discovered these places. For instance, a book fell into the hands of the said Colombo, and be found it said in this book that at the end of the Western Sea [Atlantic] that is, on its western side, there were coasts and islands and all kinds of metals and also precious stones”.

Indeed, in the passage I quoted at the start of this article, where the C’s first referred to Piri Reis, they may have been trying to draw Laura’s attention to the link between Columbus and the Templars where they said: “Or easier. Template... Templar... Temporary. Temperature... prime numbers, prime rib... Primary.“

However, we have no knowledge of what particular book Piri Reis is referring to. Could this book have been one that was obtained by the Templars during the looting of Constantinople I wonder? If so, could the book itself have drawn on older documentary sources found in the Library of Alexandria, including perhaps maps of the Americas and Antractica?

Alternatively, one might ask whether Columbus could have been a Rosicrucian agent. In a book by Ruggero Marino called Christopher Columbus the Last Templar, Marino proposed that Columbus shared the Templar dream of Christians, Muslims, and Jews living in peace in a New Jerusalem, and his voyage across the Atlantic was both to find a new passage to Asia and to find the place where the New Jerusalem could be built. Marino reveals in his book that Columbus studied ancient texts and maps from the Vatican Library, access to which was granted by Pope Innocent VIII - who Marino shows to be Columbus’s true father. Innocent VIII (whose own father was Jewish and grandmother was Muslim) was the perfect individual to further the Templars’ plan to create a universal religion combining the spiritual wisdom of the three faiths. Marino shows that Pope Innocent’s “disappearance” and the story that Columbus merely stumbled onto the New World were part of a calculated political and theological cover-up. While King Ferdinand (the model for Machiavelli’s The Prince) and Queen Isabella of Spain are heralded with funding Columbus’s “discovery” of America, Marino claims that it was Innocent VIII who was the main sponsor and master-mind of the expedition. This theory may seem farfetched until one considers that both Athanasius Kircher, Nicola Poussin’s Jesuit tutor, and Sir Francis Bacon (a Rosicrucian Grand Master who may have had a hand in drafting the Rosicrucian Manifestos) shared a similar utopian dream of universal brotherhood – Bacon was also the sponsor of the ‘New Atlantis’ meme that would inspire the Masonic founding fathers of the United States to seek to create a New Jerusalem in America. Marino’s book details a murderous power struggle involving secret societies, popes, and kings going on behind the “discovery” of America. I have not read this book but, if anyone reading this has, please feel free to elaborate further on Marino’s theories, as set out in his book. I note, however, that some of the reviews of his book on Amazon are not that complimentary, with many suggesting that Marino’s evidence for his theories is quite scanty and less than overwhelming. However, if Columbus, as a Templar or Rosicrucian, had access to the Vatican Library’s resources, especially to books and records that are normally kept secret from mainstream scholars, this would make perfect sense. We should also remember that the C’s have said that the burning of the Library of Alexandria was organised by the ‘Sword Keepers of the Lock’, who were the Illuminati, otherwise known as the Rosicrucians. That ‘Lock’ may be some sort of time lock but it could also represent a knowledge lock, which prevents us from discovering mankind’s true history and particularly knowledge of the advanced scientific society that was once Atlantis.​

See Christopher Columbus, the Last Templar

Continued in Part 2


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Part 2

The Sect and Oak Island

It seems clear that there were those who knew about the existence of North America long before Columbus set sail on his famous voyage of discovery in 1492. Apart from the Templars mentioned above, legend speaks of the Viking Leif Erikson (c. 970 – c. 1020) from Iceland setting foot, half a millennia before Columbus, in "Vinland" in what is now the Canadian province of Newfoundland. Then there is St Brendan (who we saw was referred to in Piri Reis’ book) "the Navigator" or "the Voyager", an Irish sixth century monk who is renowned for his legendary quest to the "Isle of the Blessed" as described in the Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis (Voyage of Saint Brendan the Abbot) of the ninth century, which concerns the search for, and visit to, Tir na nOg, an island far to the west, beyond the edges of the world map (it is interesting in this regard that the Canary Islands were known as the ‘Blessed Isles’, the ‘Fortunate Isles’, the ‘Hesperides’ and the ‘Isles of the Blessed’ in antiquity). The Navigatio was known widely in Europe throughout the Middle Ages. Maps of Christopher Columbus’ time often included an island denominated Saint Brendan's Isle that was placed in the western Atlantic Ocean. Paul Chapman has argued that Christopher Columbus learned from the Navigatio that the currents and winds would favour westbound travel by a southerly route from the Canary Islands, and eastbound on the return trip by a more northerly route, and hence followed this itinerary on all of his voyages.

Going even further back in time, some alternative historians and archaeologists believe the druids may have settled in North-East America in pre-history, leaving behind megalithic structures (ref. Professor Barry Fell in his book ‘America B.C.’) This is a subject I hope to return to in a subsequent post but for now evidence of Irish druids in North America would certainly provide a link to St Brendan, whose voyage, if it took place, may have been inspired by Irish legends linking the druids to America. Someone else who may have been inspired by St Brendan’s tale and his knowledge of the druids was John Dee, who along with his protégé Sir Francis Bacon and collaborator Sir Walter Raleigh, was a driving force behind English exploration and colonisation of North America in the sixteenth century (see my earlier posts).

However, the C’s have also spoken about a certain ‘sect’ in relation to Oak Island, who may have had strong links with the Rosicrucians and, by extension, the enclave of alchemists in the Pyrenees. This was discussed in the session dated 3 May 1997:

“Q: Hmmm... (A) In other words, a masterpiece... (L) Okay, we know that the bloodline is important by virtue of being of the Nordic or Celtic heritage. In going through the transcripts, I came across numerous instances where a "sect" was mysteriously mentioned over and over again. I am thinking that this sect, as you call it, is this organization that we refer to as the "Quorum."
A: What is "sect" the root word of?
Q: Sector, section, (T) sectarian... (A) A branch... (L) Anything else you want to add to that?
A: Ask away.
Q: Does this other group that you have mentioned, the Nation of the Third Eye, are they one and the same?
A: The Third Eye expands vision into the unseen.
Q: Seeing the unseen. You mentioned once before that the "Rosicrucians act as a thief in the night." You also mentioned that I ought to dig into the Rosicrucians, and I went to the University library, and it was essentially missing...
A: Connect the Rosicrucians to your favourite island by the "beech." Horticulturally, please, and family.
Q: Oak Island?
A: Yup! Then, connect the Pyrenees to the Canaries.
Q: Okay, a "thief in the night." The destruction of the Templars...
A: Research the history of the Canary Islands for clue.
Q: Is there any connection to the fact that those guys at the University of Tenerife were communicating back in February and March? Might there be more to this connection?
A: Maybe, but do you know the history of this place?”

Their reference to ‘beech’ provides us with a link to Sir Francis Bacon, whose name means beech [tree] in old Norman French. The C’s thus confirm that Sir Francis Bacon should be connected to the Rosicrucians, to Oak Island and the Pyrenees – and thus presumably with the enclave of alchemists, including Nicolas Flamel. They then suggest Laura find a connection between the Pyrenees and the Canary Islands.

You will recall that we looked at the Guanches of Tenerife in an earlier post. By the time Columbus set sail in 1492 the Canary Islands had all but had been subjugated by the Spanish Castilians (the Guanches of Tenerife being the last to surrender in 1496). However, there is evidence that the Guanches had contact with the Americas long before the Spanish invasion. As quoted by the American writer Frank Joseph, one of Tenerife’s leading historical scholars, Professor Lopez Herrera, writes:​

One fact about which we may be certain is that there existed a relation in ancient times between the people of Canarian origin and the inhabitants of America.”

Indeed, Spanish colonists supposedly found an ancient statue pointing to the west and America. We also learned about the Guanche pyramid in Lanzarote, which Frank Joseph noted closely resembled the sunken conical pyramids he had seen in Rock Island Lake in Wisconsin in 1937. This may therefore provide an ancient connection between the Guanches and the people of Rock Lake, who seemed to have been involved in the mining and refining of copper ore on a large scale along the Keweenaw Peninsula and the eastern end of Lake Superior in North America as far back as 3,000 BC.

The C’s have also confirmed that the famous Guanche statue of the Virgin of Candelaria was transported or teleported to Tenerife by the druids. If this is correct, then we may be establishing a link between Tenerife and Oak Island via the druids, given that we know there is a TDARM on Oak Island that is capable of teleporting objects and people. Moreover, the Oak tree was deemed sacred to the druids.

However, it is the C’s reference to “sect” in the above transcript that is of particular relevance to me here. The term may be defined as follows:

Sect’ means a group of people with somewhat different religious beliefs (typically regarded as heretical) from those of a larger group to which they belong.​

The C’s then asked Laura:- “What is "sect" the root word of?”

Well the Latin root word ‘sect’ means “cut” and is the word origin of a good number of English words, including insect, dissect, and intersect. The root sect is easily recalled via the word ‘section’, for a section is a “cut off” piece of a larger whole.

Hence, sect or section may in this sense denote the cutting-off from a larger body, which would certainly describe an heretical branch of a religion, which cuts itself away from the main branch. Indeed, one can argue that Christianity was just such an heretical sect from a Jewish religious perspective. However, it would appear that the C’s had another sect in mind where Oak Island was concerned.

In the session dated16 September 1995 the C’s had this to say about Oak Island:​

Q: (L) Okay, change of subject. Back when we were talking about the pit on Oak Island, and you asked me to do some research on it, the answers I came up with were that the responsible group were alchemists. Is this correct?

A: Yes.

Q: (L) Was one of the alchemists involved Nicholas Flamel?

A: Yes.

Q: (L) Is it true that there is an enclave of alchemists that live somewhere in the Pyrenees

A: Yes.

Q: (L) Do these alchemists use this power as talked about by David Hudson to enhance their longevity and their physical health?

A: And to control

So we see here that this group of alchemists in the Pyrenees have enhanced their longevity and physical health but also have used mono-atomic gold to control people’s behaviour, which suggests to me that they have a definite STS orientation.

Previously in the session dated 10 December 1994 the C’s had revealed that a regenerator or remolecularizer had been buried on Oak Island by the Lizards:​

Q: (L) Who put it there?
A: Lizard beings.
Q: (L) When did they put it there?
A: 10,000 years ago, approximately.
[i.e., 8,000 B.C]
Q: (L) Do they use it from time to time?
A: No.
Q: (L) Does it still work?
A: It could.
Q: (T) What is the purpose of a remolecularizer?
A: Regenerate matter.
Q: (L) Such as physical bodies?
A: Yes.
Q: (L) So, you just go and stand next to it or inside it or whatever and it regenerates you?
A: Any matter.

In a subsequent session they added more information about the TDARM:

Q: (L) When I was reading [the Cassiopaean Transcripts] about Oak Island the other day, I noticed that we never followed up on certain things. Could we ask on that now?
A: Yes.
Q: (L) Okay, you said at that time that a Transdimensional Atomic Remolecularizer was buried at Oak Island. Is that correct?
A: Yes.
Q: (L) Who buried it there?
A: Learn.

[Since they had already told us that the Lizards were involved, it was clear that we were supposed to learn something about this OTHER than who, specifically, put it there.]
Q: (L) Well, we are getting ready to learn because you are going to teach us, is that correct?
A: You already have tools.


Q: (L) Now, my thought is, after reading about all the details of the diggings and barriers, and depth of the pit is that, it was beyond human technology to have produced that pit at that point in history?
A: Beyond known technology.
Q: (L) And yet humans may have been involved in that activity?
A: Bingo.
Q: (J) Think back to when we were talking about it and you mentioned the lights.
A: Some humans have always communed with “higher” powers. We are speaking of conscious communion in this and other instances.
Q: (L) Okay, there was conscious communion between humans and other powers in the building of this pit. What group of humans was this?
A: It’s fun to learn.
Q: (J) How about pirates? (L) Well, who was in this area? Eskimos?
A: No.
Q: (L) Indians?
A: Keep going, network.
Q: (L) There were the French and the English. How about the Vikings? (F) No, the Vikings were 600 years before that. (T) Well, we don’t know how long ago the pit was dug. (J) I’m still… yeah, good question. (L) When was the pit itself dug?
A: 1500s. Nationality is not issue.

[Note that they are speaking of the digging of the pit and NOT the original placing of the object. Clearly someone was instructed to dig there to access this thing at some later point in “time.”]
Q: (T) Well, this pit was dug sometime in the middle of the 1500s. (J) And it was discovered in the 1700s.
A: Access sect information.
Q: (L) So, it could have been a religious group?
A: Now, who claimed communion, Laura has in memory banks from absorption of mass reading practice.

[That may have been true, but I was sure drawing a big blank at the time of these questions!]
Q: (F) Was there a sect from that era that claimed communion with higher powers?
A: Yes.
Q: (L) I think that this may have had something to do with the people that later became known as the Cajuns, they called the area Arcadia; it was a French religious sect that was living there…
A: Maybe.

[And here we have a significant clue: Arcadia. This was to prove to be a link to MANY things, as we shall see.]


Q: (L) When they drilled into the pit, it was claimed that some bits of gold came up and a piece of parchment and maybe some other odds and ends depending on which story you read. What were these?
A: Alchemy.

[Notice that they did not confirm the story about the gold and parchment, but merely gave an additional “clue” to go with “Arcadia.”]
Q: (T) The remolecularizer made it. (L) Why not? If these people were involved in doing this, why did they do it?
A: Instructed to do it.
Q: (L) They were instructed by the higher powers they were in contact with, to dig down there and access a remolecularizer that had been buried ages ago, correct?
A: Yes.

Laura commenting on the above passage had this to say about it in her commentary:

“Well, yes, as a matter of fact. Over and over again the Cassiopaeans have told us that we have to learn to use our minds, to think, to analyze, to follow clues and recover information that is already existing on the planet which, if assembled properly, will tell a complete story.

After I had transcribed the session, I studied it for clues. The two things that struck me as being the most productive paths to follow were the words “Arcadia,” “sect” and “alchemy.” There was nothing else in the session that was, for all intents and purposes, verifiable. It was an interesting interpretation; nothing more.

I had read somewhat extensively on alchemy in years past, and was familiar with most of the “exoteric” ideas; but, so many other things had demanded my attention that this most curious belief in the transmutation of metals was put aside. I pulled down the various books I had on the subject and began to read. In retrospect, I understand that the Cassiopaeans were very gently suggesting a certain path… a course of study and learning that was to have enormous implications. And, most curious of all, the connections of “Arcadia,” “sect,” and “alchemy” would become the central motif of the Greatest Mystery of all – the search for the Holy Grail.”

Thus, we see Laura linking Arcadia, this particular sect and alchemy to the Holy Grail. Given what we have already learned on this thread, we must now start considering which sect the C’s may have been referring to, who obviously seem to have some connection to the Pyrenees and the alchemist enclave. Since we have learned that ‘Sect’ means a group of people with somewhat different religious beliefs (typically regarded as heretical) from those of a larger group to which they belong, this suggests, given the location of the Pyrenees, a group which has broken communion with Roman Catholicism, the dominant religion of Western Europe at that time. One such group springs readily to mind and that is the Huguenots.

The Huguenots

The Huguenots were a religious group of French Protestants who held to the Reformed, or Calvinist, tradition of Protestantism. The origin of the term is uncertain, but was in European use by the 16th century. Hence, the dating is certainly appropriate for our purposes. Moreover, the Huguenot presence was heavily concentrated in the western and southern portions of the French kingdom, as nobles there secured practise of the new faith. These included Languedoc-Roussillon, Gascony and even a strip of land that stretched into the Dauphiné. Languedoc-Roussilon was, of course, a former stronghold of both the Cathars or Albigensians and the Knights Templar. This region also borders the Pyrenees where the enclave of alchemists was based. As we already know, the Huguenots had important English allies in Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Francis Bacon and the clergyman/geographer Richard Hakluyt, who all played a major part in the establishment of the first English colonies in North America (see my earlier article ‘Thomas Allen, John Dee and Richard Hakluyt’) and spent time in France either fighting or on diplomatic missions for the English Crown. We also learned that against strong Jesuit opposition, French Huguenots joined the expedition that would eventually lead to the founding of the colony of French Acadie (Arcadia) in what is now North-Eastern Canada and Nova Scotia, which encompasses Oak Island. However, it is here that we also find a link between the French exploration of North America and Turkish cartography.

Whilst looking at the Forum thread on ‘The Curse of Oak Island (History Channel)' for which see: The Curse of Oak Island (History Channel) I came across the following post that makes a connection between the Huguenots and the founding of the French settlement at Port Royal near present-day Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia in 1605. You will note, however, that this date is after the ‘Money Pit’ on Oak Island was supposed to have been dug:​

(L) When was the pit itself dug?
A: 1500s. Nationality is not issue.

Although the C’s say nationality was not the issue, it is worth bearing in mind that the one alchemist who they did confirm was involved in the digging at Oak Island was, Nicolas Flamel, who was, of course, French. Please note that I have bolded the sections that are of most relevance to us here.​

NevadaCat May 29, 2014

I wonder about the French settlement at Port Royal in 1605. Port Royal is near present-day Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia. The settlement was a remarkable hodge podge of artisans, ship-builders, chemists, alchemists including Louis Hebert, "a master of pharmacy who came from a prosperous family" and had served in the royal court with Bourbon King Henry IV (born and raised a Protestant) and his Catholic wife Catherine de Medici. There were also labourers "combed from jails" all under the leadership of Pierre Dugua, the sieur de Mons and eventually a man named Pont Grave, both acting on behalf of Henry IV. France, England and Spain all claimed North America as their sovereign territory, a bit of a pickle for the Europeans and completely unknown to the sovereign indigenous nations. Samuel Champlain was a leader in the colony and was prized for his ability to mediate with and understand the complex native american relationships in regards to trade and diplomacy. Most of the leaders and artisans were Protestant Huguenots and although the church pressured the King to appoint clergy, namely Jesuits, to convert the natives, the party sailed off with an unnamed Catholic priest and a Protestant minister. This would come back to haunt them when the church and other merchants upset by the favouritism pressured Henry to revoke the grant unless Jesuits were allowed to establish a mission...which happened until English Virginians burned their mission to the ground the following year.

But back to the initial settlement of Port Royal and a potential connection to Oak Island: “at the king’s request, the sieur de Mons employed two master miners named Maitre Simon and Maitre Jacques who were identified as coming from Slavonia in southeastern Europe...Their task was to search for mineral deposits." (From David Hackett Fischer's "Champlain's Dream, Simon & Schuster, 2008 p. 205) ” These men may have learned techniques from or were part of the Ottoman Empire. A paper by H. Gunhan Danisman, “Ottoman Mining, Metal Working and Fire Arms Technology in South East Europe 15th to 17th centuries” points out: “Increasing archeological evidence indicates that Anatolia had abundance of metal ores, particularly copper oxides and iron oxides, which have been mined and utilized as metals since circa 9,000 BC; earlier than any other region in the Near East. Knowledge of metal working had diffused from Anatolia to neighbouring regions, such as the Balkans, as well as the Eastern and the Central Europe during Bronze and Iron Ages…their skill in casting Bronze helped the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in capturing Constantinople.” Because of the Franco Ottoman alliance, (not often mentioned in history books), French merchants (mostly Protestant) were privy to valuable trade goods and French scholars were allowed access to the largesse of Near East learning, including alchemy, chemistry, medicine, and metallurgy.

Fischer's book details an incident involving a deposit of copper at the Port of Mines that seems eerily similar to the Oak Island Money Pit, "A Breton seaman named Prevert had earlier reported a deposit of copper at the Port of Mines...Pont Grave agreed that Champlain might have a look, with maitre Jacques, one of the miners from Slavonia." They enlist a native Etchemin Sagamore or leader named Secoudon as guide (suggesting it would be diplomatically and strategically incorrect to barge in on the mine unaccompanied). "Together they went to the Port of Mines and found "several small pieces of copper as thick as a sou, embedded in grayish and red rocks. Maitre Jacues also discovered veins of rose copper. It's exceptional purity was a sign of large deposits, but the tide covered the site twice a day." This is all that is mentioned. After a year, Port Royal loses its charter; most of the men leave for France although some accompany the Jesuits back to Port Royal. Henry IV dies, some say he is murdered. The Church puts an end to the Franco Ottoman alliance and the New France colony is resettled in Montreal. It seems that first settlement had some interesting characters with broad knowledge and lived relatively peacefully with the various native nations unfettered by Jesuit presence.

I wonder what they might have discovered at this Port of Mines? If something was removed? Champlain's diplomacy and easy relations with the native communities could have granted him access denied to other explorers and merchants. Curious."

So we see not just a strong Huguenot presence in the settlement at Port Royal but also a significant alchemist involvement too, including that of Louis Hebert, who had served at the court of King Henry IV, a Huguenot himself until his conversion to Catholicism, which he only consented to in order to attain the French throne. We also learn of a Franco-Ottoman Turkish alliance that gave French merchants (who were mostly Protestants) access to valuable trade goods, whilst French scholars were allowed access to Near East learning, which included alchemy, chemistry, medicine, and metallurgy. However, the French Catholic Church then puts an end to the Franco-Ottoman alliance and the New France colony is resettled in Montreal (now the capital of the Canadian province of Quebec). We also learn of Jesuit hostility to the strong Huguenot presence at the settlement and the charge of undue favouritism being shown towards them by Henry IV, which would lead to the subsequent establishment of a Jesuit mission only for this to be burned down by English Virginians a year later (did Sir Francis Bacon order this I wonder?).

As a footnote, in 1685, King Louis XIV (yes the same king who so desperately wanted to get his hands on Nicolas Poussin’s painting of the Shepherds of Arcadia) issued the Edict of Fontainbleau, revoking the earlier Edict of Nantes, which had provided for tolerance towards the Huguenots, and declaring Protestantism illegal. As a direct result of this edict some 4,000 Huguenots emigrated from France to the Thirteen Colonies of British North America, where they settled, especially in New York, the Delaware River Valley in Eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Virginia. This makes me wonder about a connection between the Huguenots and the Rosicrucians and Huguenot settlement in North America given what the C’s said in the session dated 31 October 1998:​

Q: Now, when you were saying that I needed to get a better 'handl' on it and I found...

A: Have you overlooked North America? Check Atlas indices for names to pique interest.

Q: What names?

A: Oh now, we cannot tell you that!

Q: The reason I have been focusing on Europe is because you said that this thing we were supposed to find was in the Rhineland...

A: But there are always connections, both hither and yon*. Tricky those Rosicrucians, tricky. And what of Piri Reis?

*”Hither and yon” is old English of the sort used in the 15th and 16th centuries by the likes of Shakespeare and may be a clue pointing us to the English colonisation of North America and indirectly to Bacon’s Rosicrucian links and his possible connections to Oak Island. The English word “yon” comes from Proto-Indo-European *i-, and later Proto-Germanic *jainaz (meaning “that over there, yon”). The Scots use the expression “Yon” as well where it means ‘that’ or ‘those’. Moreover, Nova Scotia means, of course, ‘New Scotland’. 'Yon' can be used as an adjective, an adverb or a pronoun. “Hither” as an adverb means “to or towards this place” and as an adjective it means “situated on this side”. Taken together “Hither and yon” can therefore mean “from here to over there”, especially in the sense of to a farther place or in or to a great many places: e.g., “He looked hither and yon for the coin”. Or perhaps that should read “He looked hither and yon for the TDARM” in our case. Again this would seem to be evidence of a subtle clue by the C’s.

I appreciate that this passage, with its reference to “get a better ‘handl on it” relates primarily to alfalfa in the German Highlands (see earlier post) and to the alfalfa fields found in Wisconsin but with the mention of the Rosicrucians and a possible link between them and the Huguenots, and by extension to Oak Island and the TDARM buried there, I think it is worth exploring the Huguenots and their presence in America. However, before doing so, we need to deal first with Laura’s reference to the Cajuns.
The Cajuns

The Cajuns trace their roots to the influx of Acadian settlers after the Great Expulsion from their homeland during the French and British hostilities prior to the Seven Years War (1756 to 1763). The Acadia region to which modern Cajuns trace their origin consisted largely of what are now Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island plus parts of eastern Quebec and northern Miane. The origin of the designation Acadia is credited to the explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, commissioned by King Francis I, who on his 16th-century map applied the ancient Greek name "Arcadia" to the entire Atlantic coast north of Virginia. "Arcadia" derives from the Arcadia district in Greece which since classical antiquity had the extended meanings of "refuge" or "idyllic place". Samuel de Champlain fixed the orthography with the 'r' omitted in the 17th century. You will recall that Samuel Champlain was a leader in the original colony of Port Royal and was prized for his ability to mediate with and understand the complex Native American relationships in regards to trade and diplomacy. The term ‘Cajun’ eventually came to apply only to the northern part of the coast in what is now Canada and New England. The territory of Acadia after the Great Upheaval or Le Grand Dérangement, which saw the forced expulsion of the bulk of the Cajuns or Acadians, was divided and apportioned to various British colonies, now the Canadian provinces of: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and the Gaspe Peninsula in the province of Quebec. However, as I have said before the Cajuns as a group were not of one particular denomination. Indeed, the Cajuns who eventually settled in Louisiana were, if anything, predominantly Catholic. Moreover, we also learned above that after the settlement of Port Royal lost its charter, most of the men left for France, although some accompanied the Jesuits back to Port Royal (these were presumably Catholics or why else go with the Jesuits), and the New France colony was resettled in what is now Montreal. Hence, it would seem that the original Huguenot presence in Nova Scotia was heavily diluted if not extinguished altogether. But that is not the end of the story by any means.

The Huguenots influence on North American History

The expulsion of the Huguenots from Port Royal and their return to France does not mean they had no further involvement with North America after 1606. Now barred by the French government from settling in New France, Huguenots led by Jessé de Forest, sailed to North America in 1624 and settled instead in the Dutch colony of New Netherland (later incorporated into New York and New Jersey); as well as Great Britain's colonies, including Nova Scotia. A number of New Amsterdam's families were of Huguenot origin, often having immigrated as refugees to the Netherlands in the previous century. In 1628 the Huguenots established a congregation as L'Église française à la Nouvelle-Amsterdam (the French church in New Amsterdam). Hence, we see Huguenots returning to Nova Scotia, which has now become a British colony. Upon their arrival in New Amsterdam, Huguenots were offered land directly across from Manhattan on Long Island for a permanent settlement and chose the harbour at the end of Newtown Creek, becoming the first Europeans to live in Brooklyn, then known as Boschwick, in the neighbourhood now known as Bushwick. Huguenot immigrants did not disperse or settle in different parts of the country, but rather, formed three societies or congregations; one in the city of New York, another 21 miles north of New York in a town which they named New Rochelle, and a third further upstate in New Paltz. A small group of Huguenots also settled on the south shore of Staten Island along the New York Harbour, for which the current neighbourhood of Huguenot was named. Huguenot refugees also settled in the Delaware River Valley of Eastern Pennsylvania and Hunterdon County, New Jersey in 1725. Frenchtown in New Jersey bears the mark of early Huguenot settlers.

Some Huguenot immigrants also settled in central and eastern Pennsylvania. They assimilated with the predominantly Pennsylvania German settlers of the area. In 1700 several hundred French Huguenots migrated from England to the colony of Virginia, where King William of Orange had promised them land grants in Lower Norfolk County. When they arrived, colonial authorities offered them instead land 20 miles above the falls of the James River, at the abandoned Monacan village known as Manakin Town, now in Goochland County. Some settlers also landed in present-day Chesterfield County. Gradually these settlers intermarried with their English neighbours. Through the 18th and 19th centuries, descendants of the French migrated west into the Piedmont, and across the Appalachian Mountains into the West of what became Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, and other states. In the Manakintown area, the Huguenot Memorial Bridge across the James River and Huguenot Road were named in their honour, as were many local features. In the early years, many Huguenots also settled in the area of present-day Charleston, South Carolina. Hence, this Huguenot emigration may explain the many towns and locations in America with French sounding names besides the French colony of Louisiana, which became the US state of Louisiana after the Louisiana Purchase.

The French crown's refusal to allow non-Catholics to settle in New France may help to explain that colony's low population compared to that of the neighbouring British colonies, which opened settlement to religious dissenters. By the start of the French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years' War, a sizeable population of Huguenot descent lived in the British colonies, and many participated in the British defeat of New France in 1759–1760. Obviously, revenge was sweet where they were concerned.

Most of the Huguenot congregations (or individuals) in North America eventually affiliated with other Protestant denominations with more numerous memberships. The Huguenots adapted quickly and often married outside their immediate French communities, which led to their eventual assimilation. Their descendants in many families continued to use French first names and surnames for their children, however, well into the nineteenth century. Once assimilated, the French Huguenots made numerous contributions to United States economic life, especially as merchants and artisans in the late Colonial and early Federal periods. For example, E.I. du Pont, a former student of Lavoisier, established the Eleutherian gunpowder mills. The eccentric multi-millionaire Howard Hughes, famed investor, pilot, film director, and philanthropist, was also of Huguenot descent. Some Huguenot descendents also played significant roles in the American War of Independence. Paul Revere was descended from Huguenot refugees, as was Henry Laurens, who signed the Articles of Confederation for South Carolina; Jack Jouett, who made the ride from Cuckoo Tavern to warn Thomas Jefferson and others that Tarleton and his men were on their way to arrest him for crimes against the king; Reverend John Gano was a Revolutionary War chaplain and spiritual advisor to George Washington. There was also Francis Marion (1732 – 1795), known as the Swamp Fox, who was a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). He acted with the Continental Army and the South Carolina Militia Commissions.

The Huguenots in England

Despite the traditional rivalry between England and France, England patronised and helped protect Huguenots, starting with Queen Elizabeth I in 1562, with the first Huguenots settling in Colchester in Essex in 1565. There was also a small naval confrontation, the Anglo-French War (1627–1629), in which the English supported the French Huguenots against King Louis XIII of France. London financed the emigration of many Huguenots to England and its colonies around 1700. Some 40,000-50,000 settled in England, mostly in towns near the sea in the southern districts, with the largest concentration in London where they constituted about 5% of the total population in 1700. As we saw, many others went to the American colonies, especially South Carolina. The Huguenot immigrants to England included many skilled craftsmen and entrepreneurs who facilitated the economic modernisation of their new homeland and the Huguenots would help, inter alia, to found the silk industry in England. Huguenot refugees also flocked to Shoreditch, in London where they established a major weaving industry in and around Spitalfield in East London near to the City of London where I worked for many years. For those of you who are science fiction fans, the third Dr Who, actor Jon Pertwee, was descended from a Huguenot family - the origins of his surname being "de Perthuis de Laillevault", the family being Counts descended from Charlemagne (Miles Matheson would have a field day here I am sure – particularly as he was also a WW2 spook attached to the highly-secretive Naval Intelligence Division, working alongside future James Bond author Ian Fleming, and reporting directly to Prime Minister Winston Churchill). See: Jon Pertwee - Wikipedia.​

So who were the early European explorers of North America and who were they acting on behalf of?

Giovanni da Verrazzano

Giovanni da Verrazzano (1485–1528) was an Italian (Florentine) explorer of North America, in the service of King Francis I of France. He is renowned as the first European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between Florida and New Brunswick in 1524, including New York Bay and Narragansett Bay on the north side of Rhode Island Sound.

After 1506, he settled in the port of Dieppe, France where he began his career as a navigator. He embarked for the American coast probably in 1508 in the company of captain Thomas Aubert, on the ship La Pensée, equipped by the owner, Jean Ango. He explored the region of Newfoundland, possibly during a fishing trip, and possibly the St. Lawrence River in Canada. King Francis was impelled by French merchants and financiers from Lyon and Rouen who were seeking new trade routes and so he asked Verrazzano in 1523 to make plans to explore on France's behalf an area between Florida and Terranova, the “New Found Land”, with the goal of finding a sea route to the Pacific Ocean.

Within months, four ships set sail due west for the Grand Banks of Newfoundland but a violent storm and rough seas caused the loss of two ships. The remaining two damaged ships, La Dauphine and La Normande, were forced to return to Brittany. Repairs were completed in the final weeks of 1523, and the ships set sail again. After a stop in Madeira, complications forced La Normande back to home port, but Verrazzano's ship La Dauphine departed on January 17, 1524, piloted by Antoine de Conflans, and headed once more for the North American continent. It neared the area of Cape Fear on about March 21st and, after a short stay, reached the Pamlico Sound lagoon of modern North Carolina. In a letter to Francis I described by historians as the Cèllere Codex, Verrazzano wrote that he was convinced that the Sound was the beginning of the Pacific Ocean from which access could be gained to China. Continuing to explore the coast further northwards, Verrazzano and his crew came into contact with Native Americans living on the coast. However, he did not notice the entrances to the Chesapeake Bay or the mouth of the Delaware River. In New York Bay, he encountered the Lenape (Deleware people) and observed what he deemed to be a large lake, which was really the entrance to the Hudson River. He then sailed along Long Island and entered Narragansett Bay, where he received a delegation of Wampanoag and Narragansett people. He discovered Cape Cod, his claim being proven by a map of 1529 that clearly outlined Cape Cod. He then followed the coast up to modern Maine, south-eastern Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland, and he then returned to France by 8 July 1524. Verrazzano named the region that he explored Francesca in honour of the French king, but his brother's map labelled it Nova Gallia (New France).

Verrazzano's reputation was particularly obscure in New York City, where the 1609 voyage of Henry Hudson on behalf of the Dutch Republic came to be regarded as the de facto start of European exploration of New York. It was only by a great effort in the 1950s and 1960s that Verrazzano's name and reputation were re-established as the European discoverer of the harbour, during an effort to name the newly built Narrows Bridge after him.

Hence, as we can see above, Verrazzano was reputedly the first European in recorded history to discover the north-eastern coast of America, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland in 1524 and he did so for the King of France. Giovanni da Verrazzano was also the man responsible for calling the new found territory ‘Arcadia’ later abbreviated to Acadia or Acadie by Samuel de Champlain. Was there more to this choice of name than we realise? Putting aside for now speculative claims that Sir Henry Sinclair, acting on behalf of the Knights Templar, reached Oak Island in the 14th century, we can say that at least where Nova Scotia is concerned the French were apparently on first base. Or were they?​

John Cabot

Other historians claim that the Italian navigator and explorer Giovanni Caboto, otherwise known to English history as John Cabot, in his 1497 voyage to the coast of North America under the commission of King Henry VII of England conducted the earliest-known European exploration of coastal North America since the Norse visits to Vinland in the eleventh century. See: John Cabot - Wikipedia

Leaving Bristol, the expedition sailed past Ireland and across the Atlantic, making landfall somewhere on the coast of North America on 24 June 1497. The exact location of the landfall has long been disputed, with different communities vying for the honour. Historians have proposed Cape Bonavista and St. John’s Newfoundland; Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia; Labrador; and Maine as possibilities. Cabot is reported to have landed only once during the expedition and did not advance "beyond the shooting distance of a crossbow". Pasqualigo and John Day both state that the expedition made no contact with any native people. The crew appeared to have remained on land just long enough to take on fresh water; they also raised the Venetian and Papal banners, claiming the land for the King of England and recognising the religious authority of the Roman Catholic Church. Remember that this was only five years after Columbus’s famous voyage of discovery to America and he didn’t even reach the coast of that continent. Moreover, it is fully 27 years before Verrazzano’s voyage. This would certainly explain why John Dee felt England had a prior claim to North America and its riches.

In the late 20th century, the British historian Alwyn Ruddock found documentation that Cabot went first to London, where he received some financial backing from its Italian community. She suggested one patron was Father Giovanni Antonio de Carbonariis, an Augustinian friar who was also the deputy to Adriano Castellesi, the papal tax collector. Ruddock also suggested that Carbonariis accompanied Cabot's 1498 expedition. She further suggested that the friar, on good terms with the King, introduced the explorer to King Henry VII.

On 3 February 1498, Cabot was given new letters patent covering the voyage and to help him prepare a second expedition. The Great Chronicle of London (1189–1512) reports that Cabot departed with a fleet of five ships from Bristol at the beginning of May 1498, one of which had been prepared by the king. For centuries, no other records were found (or at least published) that relate to this expedition; it was long believed that Cabot and his fleet were lost at sea. But at least one of the men scheduled to accompany the expedition, Lancelot Thirkill, is recorded as living in London in 1501. It is not known if Cabot died during the voyage, or returned safely and died shortly thereafter.

However, Alwyn Ruddock, who worked on Cabot and his era for 35 years, suggested that Cabot and his second expedition successfully returned to England in the spring of 1500. She claimed their return followed an epic two-year exploration of the east coast of North America, south into the Chesapeake Bay area and perhaps as far as the Spanish territories in the Caribbean. Her evidence included the well-known world map of the Spanish cartographer Juan de la Cosa. His chart included the North American coast and seas "discovered by the English" between 1497 and 1500. Ruddock suggested that Father Giovanni Antonio de Carbonariis and the other Augustinian friars who accompanied the 1498 expedition had stayed in Newfoundland and founded a mission. If Carbonariis founded a settlement in North America, it would have been the first Christian settlement on the continent, and may have included a church, the only medieval church to have been built there. If true, although there is no documentary or physical evidence to prove it yet, this brings the Augustinians once again back into the picture.

Please note that historical research into Cabot’s voyages under the Cabot Project, which is led by Bristol University in England, is still ongoing.​

Samuel de Champlain

Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635) was a French colonist, navigator, cartographer, draftsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He made between 21 and 29 trips across the Atlantic Ocean, and founded Quebec, and New France, on 3 July 1608. Champlain also created the first accurate coastal map during his explorations, and founded various colonial settlements.

Champlain began exploring North America in 1603. From 1604 to 1607, he participated in the exploration and creation of the first permanent European settlement north of Florida, Port Royal, Acadia (1605). In 1608, he established the French settlement that is now Quebec City. Champlain was the first European to describe the Great Lakes and published maps of his journeys and accounts of what he learned from the natives and the French living among the natives.

In 1620, Louis XIII of France ordered Champlain to cease exploration, return to Quebec, and devote himself to the administration of the country. In every way but that of formal title, Samuel de Champlain served as Governor of New France, a title that may have been formally unavailable to him owing to his non-noble status. Champlain is memorialized as the "Father of New France", "Father of Acadia" with many places, streets, and structures in north-eastern North America bearing his name, most notably Lake Champlain.

He belonged to either a Protestant family, or a tolerant Roman Catholic one, since Brouage was most of the time a Catholic city in a Protestant region, and his Old Testament first name of Samuel was not usually given to Catholic children. However, the record shows that he supported the Catholic Church in its missionary work in North America and Jesuit records state he died in the care of his friend and confessor Charles Lallemant, a French Jesuit priest who was the first Superior of the Jesuit Mission amongst the Hurons of Canada. He also made significant bequests to the Catholic missions in his will.

He was born into a family of mariners (both his father and uncle-in-law were sailors, or navigators). He acquired the practical knowledge of fighting when serving with the army of King Henry IV (a Huguenot until his accession to the throne) during the later stages of France’s religious wars in Brittany from 1594 or 1595 to 1598, beginning as a quartermaster responsible for the feeding and care of horses. During this time he claimed to go on a "certain secret voyage" for the king (MJF: Could this have been to Oak Island perhaps?) and saw combat (including maybe the Siege of Fort Crozon, at the end of 1594). By 1597 he was a "capitaine d'une compagnie" serving in a garrison near Quimper.

From 1601 to 1603 Champlain served as a geographer in the court of King Henry IV. Champlain's first trip to North America was as an observer on a fur-trading expedition led by François Gravé Du Pont. He educated Champlain about navigation in North America, including the Saint Lawrence River, and in dealing with the natives there (and in Acadia after). Promising to King Henry to report on further discoveries, Champlain joined a second expedition to New France in the spring of 1604. This trip, led by Pierre Dugua de Mons, a noble and Protestant [Huguenot] merchant who had been given a fur trading monopoly in New France by the king, was once again an exploratory journey without women and children, which lasted several years and focused on areas south of the St. Lawrence River, in what later became known as Acadia.​


It would seem that both Piri Reis and Christopher Columbus had access to sources of hidden information that had made them aware of continents that were at that time unknown to Medieval Europe and Ottoman Turkey, i.e., North America and Antarctica. In the case of Piri Reis and his 1513 world map, the cartographical information that allowed him to produce this map was ultimately sourced from an original map that had been composed in 14,000 BC by an advanced civilisation, a time when Antarctica was evidently still ice-free.

In the early 17th century, the English and the French began a tussle over who would control North America and especially what today is the North-East of the USA and Western Canada, including Nova Scotia and Oak Island. One of the groups involved with the early exploration and settlement of Nova Scotia was the French Huguenots, a 16th century Protestant sect, who may have had links with the Rosicrucians and the enclave of alchemists in the Pyrenees. Could the Huguenots have been the sect the C’s had in mind when speaking of the people who had been involved with digging the Money Pit on Oak Island at some date in the 16th century? It is curious that one of the French settlers at Port Royal in 1605 was Louis Hébert (1575 – 1627)*, who just happened to be an alchemist and who had served at the court of King Henry IV of France, himself originally a Huguenot until his pragmatic conversion to Catholicism prior to ascending the throne. Champlain had met Louis Hébert during the earlier expedition to Port Royal in Acadia and had recognized Louis' outstanding qualities. Apparently, they mutually respected each other. In fairness, I should point out that Louis Hébert’s fame lies with him being the first apothecary in Canada. Whether his alchemical skills were employed in Acadia is not known but it is possible that, as a French alchemist and a Huguenot, he may have had some contact with Nicolas Flamel and the other alchemists in their enclave in the Pyrenees. Please note that I aim to return to the subject of Acadia and Oak Island in some follow-up posts in the near future.​

*See: Louis Hébert - Wikipedia.
Addendum to Admiral Piri Reis and Oak Island and the Sect

It is curious how the name ‘Germain’ should crop up twice in my researches for this article when one considers that the C’s have used the term ‘Germaine’ on a few occasions in the transcripts, for example, where they said “it was not germaine” in relation to something the famous American psychic Edgar Cayce had said. When Laura subsequently interrogated them about their funny spelling of the word ‘germane’ in the Session 12 December dated 1998, they had this to say on the subject:​

Q: Well, while we are on the subject of spelling, you DO use unusual spelling from time to time, though normally you are very good spellers. What rules direct your spelling since it is not always according to modern usage?

A: No rules, just clues, as allways.

Q: Does this refer also to the way you spell 'germain'? When you say 'it is not germain,' you spell it differently from the way someone would spell it if just saying that something is not relevant.

A: Tis French, as in clue to be.

We have already looked at the possible connections between the C’s use of ‘Germain’ and the alchemist Comte de Saint-Germain and his possible links to the Stuart Jacobite Princes, especially Bonnie Prince Charlie (see my earlier article ‘It is not Germaine’). We have also seen how the deposed English monarch, King James (Stuart) II, created his court in exile at Saint Germains near to Paris.

I had noted that the C’s had used the word “Tis”, which is an old English way of saying “this is”, rather as we have looked at their use of “both hither and yon” above in relation to those ‘tricky’ Rosicrucians. The same can also be said of their spelling of the word “allways”, which is how a 16th century Englishman might have spelt the word ‘always’. Evidently, the C’s were trying to draw our attention to an earlier age by using old English idioms but the clue in this case is meant to be French. Well I came across two further example of a reference to ‘Germain’ in my researches on the Huguenots, both of which involved an historic edict or treaty.​

The first example was the Edict of Saint-Germain:

Following the accidental death of King Henry II of France in 1559, his son succeeded as King Francis II along with his wife, the Queen Consort, also known as Mary, Queen of Scots (i.e., Mary Stuart - the mother of the future King James I of England). During the eighteen months of the reign of Francis II, Mary encouraged a policy of rounding up French Huguenots on charges of heresy and putting them in front of Catholic judges, and employing torture and burning as punishments for dissenters. Mary returned to Scotland a widow, in the summer of 1561 (she would, of course, be subsequently deposed as Queen of Scotland, imprisoned and eventually executed by her cousin Queen Elizabeth I of England).

In 1561, the Edict of Orléans declared an end to the persecution, and the Edict of Saint-Germain of January 1562 formally recognised the Huguenots for the first time. However, these measures only disguised the growing tensions between Protestants and Catholics.

In what became known as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of 24 August – 3 October 1572, Catholics killed thousands of Huguenots in Paris and similar massacres took place in other towns in the following weeks. The main provincial towns and cities experiencing massacres were Aix, Bordeaux, Bourges, Lyons, Meaux, Orléans, Rouen, Toulouse, and Troyes. Queen Catherine de Medici, the wife of King Henry II and mother of Kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III, has come to be blamed for the excessive persecutions carried out under her sons' rule, and in particular, for her part in the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre.

The second example involved the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye:

Samuel Champlain (see article above) had overwintered in Quebec. Supplies were low, and English merchants sacked Cap Tourmente in early July 1628. A war had broken out between France and England, and Charles I of England had issued letters of marque that authorized the capture of French shipping and its colonies in North America. Champlain received a summons to surrender on July 10 from the Kirke brothers, two Scottish brothers who were working for the English Government as corsairs or privateers. Champlain refused to deal with them, misleading them to believe that Quebec's defences were better than they actually were (Champlain had only 50 pounds of gunpowder to defend the community). Having been successfully bluffed, they withdrew but encountered and captured the French supply fleet, cutting off that year's supplies to the colony. By the spring of 1629 supplies were dangerously low and Champlain was forced to send people to Gaspé and into Indian communities to conserve rations. On July 19, the Kirke brothers arrived before Quebec after intercepting Champlain's plea for help, and Champlain was forced to surrender the colony. Many colonists were transported first to England and then to France by the Kirkes, but Champlain remained in London to begin the process of regaining the colony. A peace treaty had been signed in April 1629, three months before the surrender, and, under the terms of that treaty, Quebec and other prizes that were taken by the Kirkes after the treaty were to be returned. It was not until the 1632 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, however, that Quebec was formally given back to France. David Kirke was rewarded when Charles I knighted him and gave him a charter for Newfoundland.​

It so happens, that Saint-Germain-en-Laye is a town with strong royal associations. It is also best known in France as the birthplace of King Louis XIV, the French monarch who would crack down severely on the Huguenots, just as Queen Catherine de Medici had done in the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre of 1572, and the same king who would get so upset at Nicolas Poussin’s painting of the Shepherds of Arcadia that he had to obtain it at any cost.

The town itself is named after Saint Germain (Latin: Germanus; c. 496 – 28 May 576) who was the bishop of Paris, King Childebert, a Frankish king of the Merovingian dynasty, arranging for his consecration in 555 AD.

It may, of course, just be a mere coincidence that the Edict of Saint-Germain and the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye mentioned above should both contain the name ‘Germain’ and be related through these official documents and proclamations to the Huguenots. However, the C’s can be very subtle in their clues, so it could be that through their use of the word ‘germain’ they were pointing to a connection between the Huguenots, the Rosicrucians, the enclave of alchemists in the Pyrenees, the Count of Saint-Germain (an alchemist and possible Rosicrucian) and the Stuart monarchs and princes with their strong links to Scottish Rite Freemasonry. I shall leave that to you to judge.​

Christopher Columbus

Finally, with regard to Christopher Columbus and his role in discovering the New World, I have become aware just recently that there was far more to this man than meets the historical eye. It would seem that he was deeply devout and was a Third Order Member of the Franciscan Friars founded by St Francis of Assisi. In later life he wrote a ‘Book of Prophecies’. Here is an excerpt from it that shows us a very different side to the man:

“At a very early age I began to sail upon the ocean. For more than forty years, I have sailed everywhere that people go. I prayed to the most merciful Lord about my heart's great desire, and He gave me the spirit and the intelligence for the task: seafaring, astronomy, geometry, arithmetic, skill in drafting spherical maps and placing correctly the cities, rivers, mountains and ports. I also studied cosmology, history, chronology and philosophy. It was the Lord who put into my mind (I could feel His hand upon me) the fact that it would be possible to sail from here to the Indies. All who heard of my project rejected it with laughter, ridiculing me. There is no questions that the inspiration was from the Holy Spirit, because he comforted me with rays of marvellous illumination from the Holy Scriptures, a strong and clear testimony from the 44 books of the Old Testament, from the four Gospels, and from the 23 Epistles of the blessed Apostles, encouraging me continually to press forward; and without ceasing for a moment they now encourage me to make haste.

Our Lord Jesus desired to perform a very obvious miracle in the voyage to the Indies, to comfort me and the people of God. I spent seven years in the royal court, discussing the matter with many persons of great reputation and wisdom in all the arts; and in the end they concluded that it was all foolishness, so they gave it up. But since things generally came to pass that were predicted by our Saviour Jesus Christ, we should also believe that this particular prophecy will come to pass. In support of this, I offer the gospel text, Matthew 24:35, in which Jesus said that all things would pass away, but not His marvellous Word. He also affirmed that it was necessary that all things be fulfilled that were prophesied by Himself and by the prophets. I said that I would state my reasons. I hold alone to the sacred and Holy Scriptures, and to the interpretations of prophecy given by certain devout persons. It is possible that those who see this book will accuse me of being unlearned in literature, of being a layman and a sailor. I reply with the words of Matthew 11:25: "Lord, because thou has hid these things from the wise the prudent, and hath revealed them unto babes." The Holy Scripture testifies in the Old Testament by our Redeemer Jesus Christ, that the world must come to an end. The signs of when this must happen are given by Matthew, Mark and Luke. The prophets also predicted many things about it. Our Redeemer Jesus Christ said that before the end of the world, all things must come to pass that had been written by the prophets. The prophets wrote in various ways. Isaiah is the one most praised by Jerome, Augustine and by the other theologians. They all say that Isaiah was not only a prophet, but an evangelist as well. Isaiah goes into great detail in describing future events and in calling all people to our holy faith.

Most of the prophecies of Holy Scripture have been fulfilled already...I am a most unworthy sinner, but I have cried out to the Lord for grace and mercy, and they have covered me completely. I have found the sweetest consolations since I made it my whole purpose to enjoy His marvellous presence.

For the execution of the journey to the Indies I did not make use of intelligence, mathematics or maps. It is simply the fulfilment of what Isaiah had prophesied. All this is what I desire to write down for you in this book.

No one should fear to undertake any task in the name of our Saviour, if it is according to His sovereign will even though He gives advice. He lacks nothing that it is in the power of men to give Him. Oh what a gracious Lord, who desires that people should perform for Him those things for which He holds Himself responsible! Day and night moment by moment, everyone should express to Him their most devoted gratitude.

I said that some of the prophecies remained yet to be fulfilled. These are great and wonderful things for the Earth, and the signs are that the Lord is hastening the end. The fact that the gospel must still be preached to so many lands in such a short time - this is what convinces me. “

Cynics may, of course, say that this was an example of a man excusing any wrongdoing by falling back on religion as an excuse for his actions, particularly if he thinks it is predestined by scripture. However, it is an inescapable fact that the discovery of the New World did not end well for millions of the indigenous natives of the Americas.​

For more see: CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS' BOOK OF PROPHECIES Introduction / christopher-columbus-book-of-prophecies-introduction.pdf / PDF4PRO
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