Muslims also believe that the Kaaba stone was once part of the stones of heaven. There are various versions of its story of origin, all similar to one the another. When Adam was banished from the Garden of Eden, he was filled with sin. The Black Stone was given to him to erase this sin and allow him entrance back into heaven. Some instead believe the ancient stone was brought from a nearby mountain by the archangel Gabriel.
I was reading about that and some of the earlier religion attached to it.
Seems the whole thing was first related to the "gods" being the sun, and the planets.
For instance it might still explain the bowing at sunrise, mid day, and sunset.
Maybe it was pressure from the jews and Christians that forced the change from the earlier religion to the "modern" one.
The whole Adam and Eve, Solomon being inserted in here just seems a little sketchy.
Below are a few excerpts from the book, I put the link below if anyone wants to have a look.
One thing I found particularly interesting was the size of Adam and Eve`s purported tombs, as they are claimed
to have been taller then the tallest palm trees. And then this one, Sacrifices to the sun, &c.,we learn, took place in Yemen
even as late as the fourth century. Herodotus (iii. 8) writes of the Arabs that " they acknowledge no other gods but Bacchus
and Urania . . . they call Bacchus Orotal, and Urania Alilat." ^ He also states that in giving pledges the hands of the contracting
persons were cut, and while invoking their deities the blood was smeared on seven stones placed between them.
[ Five gods of the antediluvian world are mentioned in the Koran (sura Ixxi. 22, 23), and these having been
recovered after the Deluge (?) were worshipped by certain tribes under various forms. Each tribe had
its special divinity, and each family its idol penates, which were saluted on leaving and returning home.
The worship of the sun at Saba is mentioned by Mahomet (Koran, xxvii. 24) : " Of angels or intelligences
which they worshipped, the Koran makes mention of three only, Allat, Alozza, and Manah, who are called
the daughters of God." ^
The heavenly bodies especially worshipped were Canopus (Sohail), Sirius (Alshira),^ Aldebaran in
Taurus, with the planets Mercury (Otarod), Venus (Al Zohirah), Jupiter (Al Moshtari) ; and Sale states
that the temple at Mecca was said to have been consecrated to Saturn (Zohal).
About the Kaaba was the famous idol Hobal, the tutelary deity of Mecca, supposed to have the power of granting rain,
surrounded by 360 others of smaller size, representing the saints and divinities, which could be invoked
on each day of the year."^..
On their expulsion from Paradise, so the story goes, Adam fell in Serendib, or Ceylon, where the footprint on the top of
Adam's Peak (attributed by his priests to Buddha) was, say the Mahometans, made by our first parent. Eve fell in Arabia,
near Jiddah, and after two hundred years' separation they were permitted to come together on Mount Arafat, near Mecca, where
they lived many years. The tomb of Eve is shown near Jiddah, outside the walls. It is sixty cubits long and twelve wide, for
Adam and Eve in stature equalled the tallest palm-tree !
Adam's place of interment is variously stated to be near Mecca and in Ceylon..
Black Stone at Mecca. This famous stone, which is a fragment of volcanic basalt, sprinkled with coloured crystals, is
semicircular, and measures about six inches in height and eight inches in breadth. It is placed in the wall of the Kaaba, at the
east outer corner, and about four feet from the ground. It has a border of silver round it. Its colour is reddish-black, and its
surface is undulating and polished..
The shooting stars are, by the Moslems, believed to be heaven's artillery, used for the dispersion of the genii and devils, who listen to catch by stealth scraps of the celestial secrets, for the purpose of giving them, like the Promethean fire, to mortals.^
The Genii are stated to have been forced to work in Solomon's presence, " and they made him whatever he pleased "—" of palaces, and statues, and large dishes like fish-ponds " : * and, finally, his army is said to have consisted of " genii, and men and birds." ^..
The early religion of the Arabs, then, was a kind of Sabeanism, and "chiefly consisted in worshipping the fixed stars and planets and the angels and their images, which they honoured as inferior deities, and whose intercession they begged as their mediators with God." ^ This worship of the heavenly bodies is alluded to in the book of Job (xxxviii. 31 33), and the names of certain constellations which were adored are given. Sacrifices to the sun, &c.,we learn, took place in Yemen even as late as the fourth century. Herodotus (iii. 8) writes of the Arabs that " they acknowledge no other gods but Bacchus and Urania . . . they call Bacchus Orotal,and Urania Alilat." ^ He also states that in giving pledges the hands of the contracting persons were cut, and while invoking their deities the blood was smeared on seven stones placed between them.